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Ruban D.A.,Southern Federal University | Ruban D.A.,International Agency for Minerals Policy MinPol
Quaternary International | Year: 2016

The methodology of the recently attempted evaluation of geosites of the planned Geopark Małopolska Vistula River Gap is questioned. Firstly, the palaeogeographical features are not recognized properly. Secondly, the complexity of geosites is treated only partly. Thirdly, many important aesthetic properties are missed. Although this does not diminish significantly the evaluation of the loess-related geoheritage of the planned geopark, further work is necessary in order to standardize the procedures of geoheritage recognition, valuing, and promotion for tourism purposes. This is especially important in the case of Quaternary-related geosites characterized by significant complexity. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.


Tiess G.,University of Leoben | Tiess G.,International Agency for Minerals Policy MinPol | Ruban D.A.,Southern Federal University
Proceedings of the Geologists' Association | Year: 2013

The principal legal acts regulating minerals policy in 21 EU countries are examined in order to understand what they prescribe (" in theory" ) regarding management of in situ and ex situ geological heritage. All analyzed mining laws claim for rational exploitation of geological heritage as an economic resource. The acts of Bulgaria, Denmark, Hungary, Latvia, and Lithuania emphasize on its non-economic importance, but even they tend to reference geological heritage in overly general words. The laws allow conservation of geological heritage together with the whole environment. However, responsible stakeholders may be unaware of unique and sometimes " fragile" geological features. © 2012 The Geologists' Association.


Bruno D.E.,CNR Water Research Institute | Bruno D.E.,International Agency for Minerals Policy MinPol | Crowley B.E.,University of Cincinnati | Gutak J.M.,Siberian State Industrial University | And 7 more authors.
Earth-Science Reviews | Year: 2014

Geological heritage sites (geosites) are sites that contain information about the state and the dynamics of the Earth. Paleogeographical (paleoenvironmental) geosites preserve paleoenvironments, paleoecosystems, and other relevant phenomena. However, the value of these sites can only be fully understood through professional interpretation of the observed features. Description of paleogeographical geosites in terms of the paleospace and the geologic time they encompass is challenging, partially because of many uncertainties in the interpretations of a given geosite and in the paleogeographical, paleobiogeographical, and stratigraphical nomenclature. These geosites can be classified on the basis of facies, paleoecosystems, ichnological value, taphonomic patterns, major events and catastrophes, and geoarcheological potential that they exhibit. Some geosites comprise several subtypes, and some are especially important for construction of paleogeographical maps. Moreover, the paleogeographical geosite type always associates with other types of geosites (20 in total). These combinations form complex geosites that contribute to geodiversity. If information about the Earth's past is especially valuable for a given complex geosite, then the paleogeographical type is dominant. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Marinescu M.,University of Bucharest | Marinescu M.,International Agency for Minerals Policy MinPol | Kriz A.,International Agency for Minerals Policy MinPol | Kriz A.,University of Leoben | And 2 more authors.
Resources Policy | Year: 2013

Mineral resources represent an integral component within a country's economy. Despite the fact that the need for raw materials undergoes continuous growth-especially in countries which experience industrial upswing-proper measures to secure the access to domestic mineral resources in the long term have only been applied marginally in a large number of states. This lack of future-oriented legal frameworks-referred to as 'Minerals Policies'-might lead to a diversity of sectoral problems (eg. dependency on certain raw materials imports). Based on data analysis and subsequent demand forecasting comprehensive national Minerals Policies can be derived in order to anticipate emerging issues and to achieve optimum sustainable management of domestic geological resources. The necessity of such concepts is illustrated by the example of Romania focusing on non-energetic mineral resources. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

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