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Pordenone, Italy

Donadon V.,Internal Medicine 3rd | Balbi M.,Internal Medicine 3rd | Valent F.,University of Udine | Avogaro A.,University of Padua
World Journal of Gastroenterology | Year: 2010

AIM: To evaluate the relationship between glycemic control [assessed by glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)], antidiabetic therapies and the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We recruited 465 patients with HCC, 618 cases with liver cirrhosis and 490 controls with no liver disease. Among subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2), the associations between the antidiabetic strategies and HbA1c level with HCC were determined through 2 series of multivariate logistic regression models using cirrhotic patients and controls as comparison groups. RESULTS: DM2 prevalence was 31.2% in patients with HCC, 23.2% in cirrhotic patients and 12.6% in controls (P < 0.0001). In 86% of study subjects, DM2 had been diagnosed for more than 1 year before the HCC diagnosis. HCC patients with DM2 had a 1.5-2.5-fold increased risk of liver cancer. The HbA1c mean levels were significantly higher in DM2 patients with HCC than in cirrhotic and control DM2 patients. Antidiabetic treatment with metformin was more common among cirrhotic and control DM2 subjects than among cases with HCC. In both series of multivariate analyses, treatment with metformin significantly reduced the risk of HCC by more than 80% compared with sulphonylureas and insulin therapy. No significant differences were seen between sulphonylureas and insulin treatment. Elevated HbA1c levels were positively related to the risk for HCC in diabetic patients, with a 26%-50% increase in risk for each 1% increase in HbA1c values. CONCLUSION: In patients with preexisting DM2, the risk of HCC is positively associated with poor chronic glycemic control and significantly decreased by metformin therapy. © 2010 Baishideng. Source

Balbi M.,Internal Medicine 3rd | Donadon V.,Internal Medicine 3rd | Ghersetti M.,Internal Medicine 3rd | Grazioli S.,Internal Medicine 3rd | And 7 more authors.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health | Year: 2010

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) has been associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) development. To study this relationship, we enrolled 465 HCC patients compared with 618 Cirrhotic cases and 490 Controls. The prevalence of DM2 is significantly higher in HCC patients with an Odds Ratio of 3.12 versus Controls. In HCC cases with alcohol abuse, the frequency of DM2 is the highest. In our HCC patients, when HCV infection is associated with alcohol abuse, the liver cancer develops earlier. In addition, multivariate analysis shows that alcohol consumption is an independent risk factor for HCC more relevant than HCV infection. © 2010 by the authors. Source

Donadon V.,Internal Medicine 3rd | Balbi M.,Internal Medicine 3rd | Mas M.D.,Internal Medicine 3rd | Casarin P.,Internal Medicine 3rd | Zanette G.,Diabetic Clinic
Liver International | Year: 2010

Background:: Previous studies have reported the association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Aims:: To explore the relationships among DM2, antidiabetic therapy and HCC risk. Methods:: We recruited 610 HCC patients compared with 618 matched cirrhotic patients and 1696 Controls. The odds ratio (OR) for HCC in diabetic subjects treated with insulin, sulphonylureas and metformin was calculated. Results:: DM2 prevalence was 31.2% in HCC, 23.3% in cirrhotic patients and 12.7% in Controls (P<0.0001). The OR for HCC in diabetic HCC patients vs Controls was 3.12 [confidence interval (CI) 2.40-3.90; P<0.001] in univariate analysis and 2.50 (CI 1.70-3.69; P<0.0001) in multivariate analysis. Comparing diabetic HCC patients vs liver cirrhosis (LC) cases, univariate analysis showed an OR for HCC of 2.09 (CI 1.50-2.90; P<0.001), whereas on multivariate analysis we found an OR of 1.46 (CI 1.07-1.98; P=0.02). In 84% of the cases, type 2 diabetes mellitus has been present before the HCC diagnosis. Multivariate analysis showed that metformin treatment was associated with a strong and statistically significant reduction of the risk of HCC, as compared with the use of sulphonylureas or insulin, in diabetic HCC patients vs Controls and vs LC cases (OR of 0.15; CI 0.04-0.50; P=0.005 and OR=0.16; CI 0.06-0.46; P=0.0006 respectively). Conclusions:: Our study shows that DM2 is an independent risk factor for HCC and pre-exists to HCC occurrence. In DM2 patients with HCC, metformin therapy is associated with a reduced HCC risk and seems to have a protective effect on HCC development. © 2010 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Source

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