San Jose, CA, United States
San Jose, CA, United States

Time filter

Source Type

Provided are selector elements having snapback characteristics and non-volatile memory cells comprising such selector elements. To achieve its snapback characteristic, a selector element may include a dielectric layer comprising an alloy of two or more materials. In the same or other embodiments, the selector element may include a doped electrode, such carbon electrodes doped with silicon, germanium, and/or selenium. Concentrations of different materials forming an alloy may vary throughout the thickness of the dielectric layer. For example, the concentration of the first one alloy material may be higher in the center of the dielectric layer than near the interfaces of the dielectric layer with the electrodes. Some examples of this alloy material include germanium, indium, and aluminum. Examples of other materials in the same alloy include silicon, gallium, arsenic, and antimony. In some embodiments, the alloy is formed by three or more elements, such as indium gallium arsenic.


Patent
Intermolecular Inc. | Date: 2016-08-02

Provided are hybrid electrodes comprising base structures and plugs disposed within the base structures. Also provided are selector elements comprising such hybrid electrodes and memory arrays with selector elements used for addressing individual memory cells. Specifically, the base structure and plug of a hybrid electrode have different compositions but both interface the same dielectric of the selector element. This design allows anti-parallel diode and other configurations with a very few components. The base structure and plug may have different dopants, different stoichiometry of the same alloy, or formed from completely different materials. The interfacing surface portions of a hybrid electrode may have different sizes. A combination of these surface portions (e.g., areas, surface conditions) and materials (e.g., compositions) can be used for tuning operating characteristics of selector elements using such hybrid electrodes.


Patent
Intermolecular Inc. and Guardian Industries Corporation | Date: 2016-11-09

Disclosed herein are systems, methods, and apparatus for forming low emissivity panels that may include a substrate and a reflective layer formed over the substrate. The low emissivity panels may further include a top dielectric layer formed over the reflective layer such that the reflective layer is formed between the top dielectric layer and the substrate. The top dielectric layer may include a ternary metal oxide, such as zinc tin aluminum oxide. The top dielectric layer may also include aluminum. The concentration of aluminum may be between about 1 atomic % and 15 atomic % or between about 2 atomic % and 10 atomic %. An atomic ratio of zinc to tin in the top dielectric layer may be between about 0.67 and about 1.5 or between about 0.9 and about 1.1.


Patent
Intermolecular Inc. | Date: 2016-09-14

Embodiments provided herein describe storage capacitors for active matrix displays and methods for making such capacitors. A substrate is provided. A bottom electrode is formed above the substrate. A dielectric layer is formed above the bottom electrode. A top electrode is formed above the dielectric layer. A layer including an amorphous or crystalline material may be formed between the dielectric layer and the top electrode. The bottom electrode may have a thickness of at least 1000 , be formed in a gaseous environment of at least 95% argon, and/or not undergo an annealing process before the formation of a dielectric layer above the bottom electrode. The dielectric layer may include a nitrided high-k dielectric material.


Patent
Intermolecular Inc. | Date: 2016-09-14

Embodiments provided herein describe methods and systems for forming high-k dielectric materials, as well as devices that utilize such materials. A property of a high-k dielectric material is selected. A value of the selected property of the high-k dielectric material is selected. A chemical composition of the high-k dielectric material is selected from a plurality of chemical compositions of the high-k dielectric material. The selected chemical composition of the high-k dielectric material includes an amount of nitridation associated with the selected value of the selected property of the high-k dielectric material. The high-k dielectric material is formed with the selected chemical composition.


Embodiments provided herein describe methods and chemical solutions for cleaning photomasks. A photomask is provided. The photomask is exposed to a chemical solution. The chemical solution includes a quaternary ammonium hydroxide. The quaternary ammonium hydroxide may include at least one of tetraethyl ammonium hydroxide (TEAH), tetrapropyl ammonium hydroxide (TPAH), or a combination thereof. The photomask may be an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography photomask.


Patent
Intermolecular Inc. | Date: 2015-10-16

Methods for sealing a porous dielectric are presented including: receiving a substrate, the substrate including the porous dielectric; exposing the substrate to an organosilane, where the organosilane includes a hydrolysable group for facilitating attachment with the porous dielectric, and where the organosilane does not include an alkyl group; and forming a layer as a result of the exposing to seal the porous dielectric. In some embodiments, methods are presented where the organosilane includes: alkynyl groups, aryl groups, flouroalkyl groups, heteroarlyl groups, alcohol groups, thiol groups, amine groups, thiocarbamate groups, ester groups, ether groups, sulfide groups, and nitrile groups. In some embodiments, method further include: removing contamination from the porous dielectric and a conductive region of the substrate prior to the exposing; and removing contamination from the conductive region after the forming.


Patent
Intermolecular Inc. and Elpida Memory Inc. | Date: 2015-01-19

A method for forming a capacitor stack includes forming a first bottom electrode layer including a conductive metal nitride material. A second bottom electrode layer is formed above the first bottom electrode layer. The second bottom electrode layer includes a conductive metal oxide material, wherein the crystal structure of the conductive metal oxide material promotes a desired high-k crystal phase of a subsequently deposited dielectric layer. A dielectric layer is formed above the second bottom electrode layer. Optionally, an oxygen-rich metal oxide layer is formed above the dielectric layer. Optionally, a third top electrode layer is formed above the oxygen-rich metal oxide layer. The third top electrode layer includes a conductive metal oxide material. A fourth top electrode layer is formed above the third top electrode layer. The fourth top electrode layer includes a conductive metal nitride material.


Patent
Intermolecular Inc. | Date: 2015-01-13

This disclosure provides a nonvolatile memory device and related methods of manufacture and operation. The device may include one or more resistive random access memory (ReRAM) approaches to provide a memory device with more predictable operation. In particular, the forming voltage required by particular designs may be reduced through the use of a barrier layer, a reverse polarity forming voltage pulse, a forming voltage pulse where electrons are injected from a lower work function electrode, or an anneal in a reducing environment. One or more of these techniques may be applied, depending on the desired application and results.


Patent
Intermolecular Inc. | Date: 2015-01-19

MIMCAP diodes are provided that can be suitable for memory device applications, such as current selector devices for cross point memory array. The MIMCAP diodes can have lower thermal budget as compared to Schottky diodes and controllable lower barrier height and lower series resistance as compared to MIMCAP tunneling diodes. The MIMCAP diode can include a barrier height modification layer, a low leakage dielectric layer and a high leakage dielectric layer. The layers can be sandwiched between two electrodes.

Loading Intermolecular Inc. collaborators
Loading Intermolecular Inc. collaborators