Jaklitsch W.M.,University of Vienna |
Stadler M.,University of Bayreuth |
Stadler M.,InterMed Discovery GmbH |
Voglmayr H.,University of Vienna
Mycologia | Year: 2012
Three new species of Hypocrea/Trichoderma sect. Trichoderma (Hypocreaceae, Hypocreales, Ascomycota, Fungi) are described from recent collections in southern Europe and the Canary Islands. They have been characterized by morphological and molecular methods, including microscopic examination of the teleomorph in thin sections, the anamorph, growth rate experiments and phylogenetic analyses based on a part of the translation elongation factor 1-alpha encoding gene (tef1) containing the two last introns and a part of the rpb2 gene, encoding the second largest RNA polymerase subunit. Analyses involving tef1 did not unequivocally resolve the sister clade relationship of Hypocrea caerulescens relative to the Koningii and Viride clades, while analyses based on rpb2 clearly suggest a close relationship with the former, although the phenotype of H. caerulescens is similar to H. viridescens, particularly by its warted conidia and a coconut-like odor in CMD culture. Hypocrea hispanica and T. samuelsii however are clearly related to the Viride clade by both phylogenetic markers, despite their morphological similarity to H. koningii and its relatives. An apparently specific blue pigment is formed in CMD cultures by Hypocrea caerulescens but could not be obtained by extraction with organic solvents.
Garcia R.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research |
Garcia R.,Saarland University |
Gerth K.,Helmholtz Center for Infection Research |
Stadler M.,InterMed Discovery GmbH |
And 3 more authors.
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution | Year: 2010
An expanded neighbour-joining tree of myxobacteria is presented based on the analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences of 101 strains (including types) representing 3 suborders, 6 families, 20 genera, 46 species, and 12 other novel taxa. The distinctions amongst members of the three suborders (Sorangiineae, Cytobacterineae and Nannocystineae) are reaffirmed. The positions of anaerobic myxobacteria, novel groups (Pyxidicoccus and several Cystobacter species) in Cystobacterineae, the marine genera (Plesiocystis, Haliangium, Enhygromyxa), and two additional novel taxa ('Paraliomyxa miuraensis', brackish-water isolate) were together revealed for the first time. Changes in the nomenclature of several isolates (Polyangium vitellinum Pl vt1T, Polyangium thaxteri Pl t3, Polyangium cellulosum, NOSO-1, NOCB-2, NOCB-4) are also highlighted. Suborders Sorangiineae and Nannocystineae hold great promise for novel strain discovery. In Sorangiineae, the new family Phaselicystidaceae, with a monotypic genus, was added. Nine additional novel taxa were discovered in this suborder for which new genera or even families may be erected in the near future. These taxa appear to represent the so-called viable but not culturable (VBNC) group of myxobacteria. Based on at least 4% phylogenetic distance, new clades were formed comprising of novel Nannocystineae and Sorangiineae isolates. Overall, the myxobacteria, on the basis of bracket distance, could be divided into 16 clusters, as supported by tree topology and a morphology-based approach. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Adelmann S.,TU Dortmund |
Baldhoff T.,TU Dortmund |
Koepcke B.,InterMed Discovery GmbH |
Schembecker G.,TU Dortmund
Journal of Chromatography A | Year: 2013
The selection of solvent systems in centrifugal partition chromatography (CPC) is the most critical point in setting up a separation. Therefore, lots of research was done on the topic in the last decades. But the selection of suitable operating parameters (mobile phase flow rate, rotational speed and mode of operation) with respect to hydrodynamics and pressure drop limit in CPC is still mainly driven by experience of the chromatographer. In this work we used hydrodynamic analysis for the prediction of most suitable operating parameters. After selection of different solvent systems with respect to partition coefficients for the target compound the hydrodynamics were visualized. Based on flow pattern and retention the operating parameters were selected for the purification runs of nybomycin derivatives that were carried out with a 200ml FCPC® rotor. The results have proven that the selection of optimized operating parameters by analysis of hydrodynamics only is possible. As the hydrodynamics are predictable by the physical properties of the solvent system the optimized operating parameters can be estimated, too. Additionally, we found that dispersion and especially retention are improved if the less viscous phase is mobile. © 2012.
Intermed Discovery GMBH | Date: 2011-12-08
The invention relates to compositions and methods (with regard to animals and humans) for utilizing an extract and/or one or more natural spiro triterpenoids and derivatives thereof alone or as a supplement. Certain materials utilized are from the blazeispirol family, obtainable from
Intermed Discovery GmbH | Date: 2011-11-11
Compounds obtainable from plants, e.g. of the genus The compounds useful are acylphloroglucine derivatives of the formula I, wherein the substituents are as defined in the description.