San German, Puerto Rico
San German, Puerto Rico

The InterAmerican University of Puerto Rico —or Universidad Interamericana de Puerto Rico in Spanish, and often referred as "Inter"— is an Ecumenic Christian university dedicated to uniting academic excellence with leadership and service to society. The UIPR is a private co-educational university system in Puerto Rico. It was founded in 1912 in San Germán, Puerto Rico. The University has campuses in Aguadilla, Arecibo, Barranquitas, Bayamón, Fajardo, Guayama, Ponce, San Juan, and San Germán. The school also has three professional schools: the School of Optometry, the Interamerican University of Puerto Rico School of Law, and the School of Aeronautics. The Inter offers academic programs in 11 teaching units. The San Germán campus is also the home to the InterAmerican School, a private co-educational college-preparatory school.It is the largest private university in the Western Hemisphere. In 1944 it became the first institution outside the continental United States to be accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools. The Nursing Schools of UIPR are accredited by The National League of Nursing Acreediting Commission and The American Association of Colleges of Nursing Since being the only School of Nursing in Puerto Rico to offer the NCLEX-RN boards, however, is a school that competite with other nursing schools accredited by the NLNAC in the United States of America and other departments competitive.Some of the agencies that currently offer accreditation for the university's programs are: Nurse Anesthesia Education Program Council on Aviation Accreditation Joint Review Committee on Education in Radiologic Technology National League of Nursing Accrediting Commission American Association of Colleges of Nursing National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Science Council on Social Work Education American Bar Association Accreditation Council on Optometric Education Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology It has 45 exclusive programs, ranging from Associate Degrees in Medical Emergencies, Photography, Radiologic Technology; Bachelor Degrees in Popular Music, Medical Technology, Engineering , Health science/Nursing, Natural science, Social science, Education, Humanities, Food Technology, Business Administration, Biomedical science, Political science, Airway science, to Master Degrees in Anesthesia, Medical Technology, Fine Arts, Electronic Commerce, Criminal Justice, International Business; Doctorate in History of America, Industrial Psychology, Clinical Psychology, and Business Development. Besides that, it also offers professional degrees like Ed.D., J.D., and others.It is the leader in distance education with 8 academic programs offered entirely online and more than 300 online courses and the only higher education institution on the island that has an all English trimester program in the Metro Campus. Wikipedia.


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Venegas M.,Charles III University of Madrid | Rodriguez-Hidalgo M.C.,Charles III University of Madrid | Salgado R.,Interamerican University of Puerto Rico | Lecuona A.,Charles III University of Madrid | And 2 more authors.
Applied Energy | Year: 2011

This paper presents the analysis of the performance of a solar cooling facility along one summer season using a commercial single-effect water-lithium bromide absorption chiller aiming at domestic applications. The facility works only with solar energy using flat plate collectors and it is located at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain. The statistical analysis performed with the gathered data shows the influence of five daily operational variables on the system performance. These variables are solar energy received along the day (H) and the average values, along the operating period of the solar cooling facility (from sunrise to the end of the cold-water production), of the ambient temperature (T-), the wind velocity magnitude (V), the wind direction (θ) and the relative humidity (RH). First order correlation functions are given. The analysis of the data allows concluding that the most influential variables on the daily cooling energy produced and the daily averaged solar COP are H, V and θ. The period length of cold-water production is determined mainly by H and T-. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.


Ladle R.J.,Federal University of Alagoas | Ladle R.J.,University of Oxford | Firmino J.V.L.,Federal University of Alagoas | Malhado A.C.M.,Federal University of Alagoas | Rodriguez-Duran A.,Interamerican University of Puerto Rico
Conservation Biology | Year: 2012

The term hot cave is used to describe some subterranean chambers in the Neotropics that are characterized by constantly high ambient temperatures generated by the body heat of high densities of certain bat species. Many of these species have limited geographic ranges, and some occur only in the hot-cave environment. In addition to the bats, the stable microclimate and abundant bat guano provides refuge and food for a high diversity of invertebrates. Hot caves have so far been described in the Caribbean and in a few isolated locations from Mexico to Brazil, although there is some evidence that similar caves may be present throughout the tropics. The existing literature suggests these poorly known ecosystems, with their unique combination of geomorphology and bat-generated microclimate, are particularly sensitive to disturbance and face multiple threats from urbanization, agricultural development, mining, and tourism. © 2012 Society for Conservation Biology.


Sergeev E.,Novgorod State University | Grach S.,Novgorod State University | Shindin A.,Novgorod State University | Mishin E.,Air Force Research Lab | And 6 more authors.
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2013

We report on artificial descending plasma layers created in the ionosphere F region by high-power high-frequency (HF) radio waves from High-frequency Active Auroral Research Program at frequencies f0 near the fourth electron gyroharmonic 4fce. The data come from concurrent measurements of the secondary escaping radiation from the HF-pumped ionosphere, also known as stimulated electromagnetic emission, reflected probing signals at f0, and plasma line radar echoes. The artificial layers appeared only for injections along the magnetic field and f0>4fce at the nominal HF interaction altitude in the background ionosphere. Their average downward speed ∼0.5 km/s holds until the terminal altitude where the local fourth gyroharmonic matches f0. The total descent increases with the nominal offset f0-4fce. © 2013 American Physical Society.


Reynolds R.G.,University of Massachusetts Boston | Puente-Rolon A.R.,Interamerican University of Puerto Rico | Reed R.N.,U.S. Geological Survey | Revell L.J.,University of Massachusetts Boston
Biological Invasions | Year: 2013

The tropical island Puerto Rico is potentially vulnerable to invasion by some species of exotic snakes; however, until now no established populations had been reported. Here we report and genetically characterize the nascent invasion of Puerto Rico by an exotic constricting snake of the family Boidae (Boa constrictor) using mtDNA and microsatellite data. Over 150 individual B. constrictor have been removed from Mayagüez municipality since May 2011, and our results from the genetic analysis of 32 individuals suggest that this population was recently founded by individuals of one subspecies from a genetic lineage common to zoo and breeding collections, but that the potential propagule pool consists of two subspecies. We also suggest that anthropogenic long-distance dispersal within the island of Puerto Rico may be occurring from the established population, with implications for further establishment across the island. This study represents the first report of the naturalization of an invasive species of boid snake in Puerto Rico and will be important in determining mitigation strategies for this invasion as well as providing a basis for comparison to other on-going studies of invasive snakes. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Puente-Rolon A.R.,Interamerican University of Puerto Rico | Reynolds R.G.,University of Massachusetts Boston | Revell L.J.,University of Massachusetts Boston
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

The endemic Puerto Rican boa (Epicrates inornatus) has spent 42 years on the Endangered Species List with little evidence for recovery. One significant impediment to effective conservation planning has been a lack of knowledge of the distribution of genetic variability in the species. It has previously been suggested that boas might best be protected around caves that harbor large populations of bats. Prior study has found Puerto Rican boas at relatively high densities in and around bat caves, which they use both to feed and seek shelter. However, it is unknown whether these behaviorally distinctive populations represent a distinct evolutionary lineage, or (conversely) whether caves harbor representative genetic diversity for the species across the island. We provide the first genetic study of the Puerto Rican boa, and we examine and compare genetic diversity and divergence among two cave populations and two surface populations of boas. We find three haplogroups and an apparent lack of phylogeographic structure across the island. In addition, we find that the two cave populations appear no less diverse than the two surface populations, and harbor multiple mtDNA lineages. We discuss the conservation implications of these findings, including a call for the immediate protection of the remaining cave-associated populations of boas. © 2013 Puente-Rolón et al.


Isham B.,Interamerican University of Puerto Rico | Rietveld M.T.,European Incoherent Scatter Scientific Association | Guio P.,University College London | Forme F.R.E.,CNRS Institute for research in astrophysics and planetology | And 2 more authors.
Physical Review Letters | Year: 2012

Langmuir cavitons have been artificially produced in Earth's ionosphere, but evidence of naturally occurring cavitation has been elusive. By measuring and modeling the spectra of electrostatic plasma modes, we show that natural cavitating, or strong, Langmuir turbulence does occur in the ionosphere, via a process in which a beam of auroral electrons drives Langmuir waves, which in turn produce cascading Langmuir and ion-acoustic excitations and cavitating Langmuir turbulence. The data presented here are the first direct evidence of cavitating Langmuir turbulence occurring naturally in any space or astrophysical plasma. © 2012 American Physical Society.


Rodriguez-Duran A.,Interamerican University of Puerto Rico | Feliciano-Robles W.,Interamerican University of Puerto Rico
Acta Chiropterologica | Year: 2015

We monitored the bat fatalities caused by a 13 turbines wind facility installed in western Puerto Rico (West Indies) over a period of 23 months. The post-construction monitoring includes observed fatalities and a corrected fatality estimate expressed as bats/ turbine/year adjusted for bat carcass removal rates, searcher efficiency, and percent area searched. Data on seasonality of fatalities and distance of carcasses from turbines is also provided. Eleven out of the 13 species of bats in Puerto Rico suffered fatalities, including all five species of phyllostomids. These were: Molossus molossus and Tadarida brasiliensis (Molossidae); Artibeus jamaicensis, Monophyllus redmani, Stenoderma rufum, Brachyphylla cavernarum and Erophylla bombifrons (Phyllostomidae); Noctilio leporinus (Noctilionidae); Eptesicus fuscus and Lasiurus minor (Vespertilionidae); and Mormoops blainvillei (Mormoopidae). This is one of the first published reports of the impact of wind turbines on bats in the Neotropics. © Museum and Institute of Zoology PAS.


Jimenez A.R.,University of Cartagena | Diazgranados J.A.,Interamerican University of Puerto Rico | AMorantes M.T.A.,University of Cartagena
DYNA (Colombia) | Year: 2012

In this work, mathematical modeling and simulation of electricity generation from wind was carried out in regions which are not connected to the national electrical system grid, and have an annual mean wind velocity higher than 4 m/s at an altitude of 10 m. Seven different types of power turbines between 6 and 2,750 kW were studied in order to analyze their technical and economic feasibility. The Gachaneca (Boyaca) and the Sesquicentenario (San Andres Island) stations have an energy potential of 5,106 and 3,823 MWh/year, respectively, using a 2,750 kW turbine at an altitude of 70 m. The production cost of kWh for the two regions was found to be less than US$0.10 for turbines with a capacity higher than 1.0 MW. The energy produced can satisfy the electricity needs of Colombian islands such as San Andres or Providencia.


Reynolds R.G.,University of Massachusetts Boston | Niemiller M.L.,Yale University | Hedges S.B.,Pennsylvania State University | Dornburg A.,Yale University | And 2 more authors.
Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution | Year: 2013

The evolutionary and biogeographic history of West Indian boid snakes (Epicrates), a group of nine species and 14 subspecies, was once thought to be well understood; however, new research has indicated that we are missing a clear understanding of the evolutionary relationships of this group. Here, we present the first multilocus, species-tree based analyses of the evolutionary relationships, divergence times, and historical biogeography of this clade with data from 10 genes and 6256. bp. We find evidence for a single colonization of the Caribbean from mainland South America in the Oligocene or early Miocene, followed by a radiation throughout the Greater Antilles and Bahamas. These findings support the previous suggestion that Epicrates sensu lato Wagler is paraphyletic with respect to the anacondas (Eunectes Wagler), and hence we restrict Epicrates to the mainland clade and use the available name Chilabothrus Duméril and Bibron for the West Indian clade. Our results suggest some diversification occurred within island banks, though most species divergence events seem to have occurred in allopatry. We also find evidence for a remarkable diversification within the Bahamian archipelago suggesting that the recognition of another Bahamian endemic species C. strigilatus is warranted. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.


With an upcoming publication in the Worldwide Leaders in Healthcare, Carmen Y. Salcedo, RN, BSN, CMSRN, joins the prestigious ranks of the International Nurses Association. She is a Registered Nurse with seventeen years of experience in her field and extensive expertise in all facets of nursing, including medical and surgical nursing, outpatient care, staff nursing, charge nursing, and emergency nursing. Carmen is currently serving patients at William Beaumont Army Medical Center in El Paso, Texas. She is a staff nurse in a 35-bed medical surgical ward, charge nurse, unit practice council care teams leader, and preceptor for various new nurses. Carmen received her Bachelor of Science Degree in Biology at Interamerican University of Puerto Rico in 2004. In 2009, she obtained her Bachelor of Science Degree in Nursing at the University of Central Florida. She is currently pursuing her Master’s of Science Degree in Nursing at Walden University. Carmen is a Certified Medical Surgical Registered Nurse and member of the American Nurses Association. She was a medic in the U.S. Army and decided to pursue a career in nursing. She credits her success to her hard work and her time in the military. She is dedicated to nutrition and fitness in her spare time. Learn more about Carmen here: https://www.linkedin.com/in/carmen-salcedo-67ba4910 and read her upcoming publication in the Worldwide Leaders in Healthcare.

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