Inter University Center for Bioscience

Palayad, India

Inter University Center for Bioscience

Palayad, India
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Remya C.,Inter University Center for Bioscience | Dileep K.V.,Inter University Center for Bioscience | Tintu I.,Inter University Center for Bioscience | Variyar E.J.,Inter University Center for Bioscience | Sadasivan C.,Inter University Center for Bioscience
Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences | Year: 2014

Acetylcholinesterase hydrolyzes the neurotransmitter called acetylcholine and is crucially involved in the regulation of neurotransmission. One of the observable facts in the neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer′s disease is the decrease in the level of acetylcholine. Available drugs that are used for the treatment of Alzheimer′s disease are primarily acetylcholinesterase inhibitors with multiple activities. They maintain the level of acetylcholine in the brain by inhibiting the acetylcholinesterase function. Hence acetylcholinesterase inhibitors can be used as lead compounds for the development of drugs against AD. In the present study, the binding potential of four flavanone glycosides such as naringin, hesperidin, poncirin and sakuranin against acetylcholinesterase was analysed by using the method of molecular modeling and docking. The activity of the top scored compound, naringin was further investigated by enzyme inhibition studies and its inhibitory concentration (IC50 ) towards acetylcholinesterase was also determined.


Dileep K.V.,Inter University Center for Bioscience | Remya C.,Inter University Center for Bioscience | Tintu I.,Inter University Center for Bioscience | Sadasivan C.,Inter University Center for Bioscience
Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics | Year: 2014

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an important enzyme responsible for the formation of potent inflammatory mediators like prostaglandins, prostacyclin and thromboxane. Hence, inhibition of COX-2 is one of the best ways to control the inflammation. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can control inflammation by inhibiting Cyclooxygenase. Selective inhibition of COX-2 is preferable over the inhibition of COX-1 because of the fewer adverse effects produced. Molecular modeling and docking of 134 selected indole compounds were done against COX-2. The pharmacophore-based in silico structural modifications of the best scored compounds were carried out in order to enhance the binding affinity and selectivity. The modification resulted in derivatives with better binding energies than that of known COX-2 inhibitors. The four best derivatives in terms of the binding energies were selected and their binding stabilities were studied by molecular dynamics simulation methods. © 2013 © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

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