Crawford P.M.,INTEK Inc. |
Killen J.C.,U.S. Department of Energy
ACS Symposium Series | Year: 2010
Economic, energy supply, and environmental challenges require new technologies to support diversification of global liquid fuels resources and markets. Higher oil prices make global oil shale resources more attractive. Mining and upgrading technologies for oil shale are proven at commercial scale. Retorting technologies to convert kerogen from shale ore into hydrocarbon liquids and gases continue to evolve to improve efficiency and reliability and address environmental, technical and regulatory challenges that constrain commercial development. Research and development activities in private industry, academia, and government-sponsored laboratories and research facilities continue to move oil shale technologies toward demonstration and commercialization. This chapter describes the major technical approaches for oil shale mining and processing and conversion of kerogen to refinery-quality feedstocks, current retorting technologies, and technology innovations that address technical challenges to commercial oil shale development. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
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INTEK Inc. | Date: 2015-07-31