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Chicago Ridge, IL, United States

Kalb J.,King Mongkuts University of Technology Thonburi | Polyiam W.,Ramkhamhaeng University | Plata E.R.,Integrative Research and Collections Center | Bawingan P.A.,University of Saint Louis | And 3 more authors.
Phytotaxa | Year: 2016

We provide an updated account on the species of the Cruentotrema-Dyplolabia clade in Graphidaceae subfamily Fissurinoideae, describing three new species: Cruentotrema lirelliforme J. Kalb, Polyiam & K. Kalb, differing from Cruentotrema thailandicum in the lirelliform ascomata; Dyplolabia chumphonensis J. Kalb & K. Kalb, differing from Dyplolabia oryzoides by smaller ascospores; and Dyplolabia dalywaiana Rivas Plata, Bawingan & Lücking, differing from other Dyplolabia species in the angular, erumpent asomata with broadly exposed disc and irregular pseudocolumella. In addition, two further species are recognized as new combinations: Cruentotrema puniceum (Müll. Arg.) J. Kalb & K. Kalb (Bas.: Arthothelium puniceum Müll. Arg.; syn.: Thelotrema rhododiscum Homchant. & Coppins) and Dyplolabia ochrocheila (Vain.) Rivas Plata & Lücking (Bas.: Graphis ochrocheila Vain.). Cruentotrema kurandense is reported as new to Thailand. Altogether, 11 species are now recognized in the two genera, six in Cruentotrema and five in Dyplolabia. In view of the disparate morphology of the two genera, the discovery of two of the three new species is highlighted as phenotypically transitional taxa, so-called ‘missing links’, and the phylogeny of this clade is revised. © 2016 Magnolia Press.

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