Integrated Research and Action for Development

Delhi, India

Integrated Research and Action for Development

Delhi, India
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Srinivasan S.,Center for Study of Science | Kholod N.,Pacific Northwest National Laboratory | Chaturvedi V.,The Water Council | Ghosh P.P.,Integrated Research and Action for Development | And 10 more authors.
Applied Energy | Year: 2016

This paper provides projections of water withdrawals and consumption for electricity generation in India through 2050. Based on the results from five energy-economic modeling teams, the paper explores the implications of economic growth, power plant cooling policies, and electricity CO2 emissions reductions on water withdrawals and consumption. To understand how different modeling approaches derive different results for energy-water interactions, the five teams used harmonized assumptions regarding economic and population growth, the distribution of power plants by cooling technologies, and withdrawals and consumption intensities. The multi-model study provides robust results regarding the different but potentially complementary implications of cooling technology policies and efforts to reduce CO2 emissions. The water implications of CO2 emissions reductions depend critically on the approach to these reductions. Focusing on wind and solar power reduces consumption and withdrawals, a focus on nuclear power increases both, and a focus on hydroelectric power could increase consumptive losses through evaporation. Policies focused specifically on cooling water can have substantial and complementary impacts. © 2017.

Desai J.V.,ModyUniversity | Dadhich P.K.,Integrated Research and Action for Development | Bhatt P.K.,ModyUniversity
International Journal of Applied Engineering Research | Year: 2015

Smart grid is among the most important & ambitious endeavors of our time & smart grid vision demands the integration of different renewable energy (RE) sources in one component. Challenges in the integration are obvious as RE sources are highly variable with respect to many electrical parameters. The smart grid must absorb the variability of these sources through critical technological solutions. The survey reported in this paper deals with the opportunities & the challenges posed by one such major RE source i.e. solar energy in the whole integration process to ensure bidirectional power flow, safety, security & reliability in order to attain the future grid objectives. © Research India Publications.

Parikh J.,Integrated Research and Action for Development | Parikh K.,Integrated Research and Action for Development
IEEE Power and Energy Magazine | Year: 2012

India needs economic growth of 810% over the next three decades to satisfy its human development needs. With nearly 40% of the Indian people below the poverty line, 400 million people without electricity, and some 700 million people without access to clean cooking fuels according to the National Sample Survey of 20042005, rapid economic growth is essential. But economic growth calls for growth in energy consumption. India has a shortfall of fossil fuel resources and therefore faces a huge challenge in meeting its energy needs. The global concern for climate change would make it difficult to exploit coal, the least scarce of India's hydrocarbon resources. © 2012 IEEE.

Parikh K.S.,Integrated Research and Action for Development
Economic and Political Weekly | Year: 2013

Identification of the poor and the scale of operation are the most critical challenges of the proposed legislation on the right to food. This article suggests universal entitlement that excludes clearly identifiable rich. Food coupons could eliminate the need for the operations of public distribution system and eliminate diversion. Also cash transfers to the women of the household through Aadhaar cards could substantially reduce diversions and avoid the problem of distribution of food coupons.

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