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Liu L.,Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital of Zhejiang Province | Luo Y.,Hangzhou Normal University | Zhang R.,CAS Institute of Psychology | Guo J.,CAS Institute of Psychology
Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi | Year: 2011

Gingseng is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine community for the treatment of depression-like disorders. Ginsenosides is considered to be the major active components of ginseng. Previous studies have demonstrated that ginsenosides produced antidepressant-like action in various mouse models of behavioral despair. The present study aimed to examine whether ginsenosides could affect the chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)-induced depression in rats. The mechanism(s) underlying the antidepressant-like action was investigated by measuring serum corticosterone level, glucocorticoid receptor (GR), mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) mRNA levels in brain tissues. CUMS, being lasted for 6 weeks, caused depression-like behavior in rats, as indicated by the significant decrease in sucrose consumption and increase in immobility time in the forced swim test. Whereas serum corticosterone level was significantly increased in rats exposed to CUMS, expressions of GR mRNA in hippocampus, and BDNF mRNA in hippocampus and frontal cortex, were decreased in CUMS-treated rats. Daily intragastric administration of ginsenosides (12.5, 25, 50 mg · kg-1) during the six weeks of CUMS significantly suppressed behavioral and biochemical changes induced by CUMS. However, there was no significant difference in MR mRNA level among groups. The results suggest that the antidepressant-like action of ginsenosides is likely mediated by modulating the function of hypothalamic- pituitary -adrenal axis and increasing the expression of BDNF in brain tissues.

Cao W.,Hangzhou Normal University | Hu S.-S.,Hangzhou Normal University | Ying X.-Z.,Hangzhou Normal University | Ye L.-H.,Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital of Zhejiang Province | Cao J.,Hangzhou Normal University
Electrophoresis | Year: 2015

This report describes the use of surfactant-coated graphitized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (SC-GMWNTs) as a novel pseudostationary phase in CE with diode array detection for the determination of phenolic acids and tanshinones in herbal and urine samples. Several parameters influencing the separation were studied, such as the concentrations of SDS, GMWNTs, and isopropanol; choice of carbon nanotubes; sodium borate content; and buffer pH. The results revealed that the presence of SC-GMWNTs in buffer enhanced the separation efficiency for the target analytes relative to conventional micelles due to the strong interaction between the surface of the GMWNTs and the target compounds. Under the optimum conditions, the method showed good linearity, with correlation coefficients higher than 0.9950. LODs were in the range of 0.71-3.10 μg/mL. Furthermore, satisfactory separations were achieved with good recovery values in the range of 89.97 and 103.30% when 10 mM borate, 30 mM SDS, 10% isopropanol, and 6 μg/mL SC-GMWNTs were introduced into the buffer solution. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

Hu S.-S.,Hangzhou Normal University | Yi L.,Ohio State University | Li X.-Y.,Hangzhou Normal University | Cao J.,Hangzhou Normal University | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2014

An ionic liquid (IL)-based one-step micellar extraction procedure was developed for the extraction of multiclass polar analytes (protocatechuic acid, chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, hyperoside, isoquercitrin, quercetin) from hawthorn fruits and their determination using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS). Compared to conventional organic solvent extractions, this newly proposed method was much easier, more sensitive, environmentally friendly, and effective as well. Several important parameters influencing the micellar extraction efficiency are discussed, such as selection of ILs, surfactant concentration, and extraction time. Under the optimal conditions, good linearity was achieved for each analyte with correlation coefficients (r2) ranging from 0.9934 to 0.9999, and the recovery values ranged from 89.3 to 106% with relative standard deviations lower than 5.5%. Results suggest that the IL-based one-step micellar extraction could be an alternative and promising means in future food analysis. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

Cao W.,Hangzhou Normal University | Hu S.-S.,Hangzhou Normal University | Ye L.-H.,Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital of Zhejiang Province | Cao J.,Hangzhou Normal University | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Chromatography A | Year: 2015

This report describes the use of trace-chitosan-wrapped multi-walled carbon nanotubes (CS-MWCNTs) as a sorbent material in dispersive micro solid-phase extraction (DMSPE), which was combined with ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry to analyze phenolic compounds in chrysanthemum tea and a chrysanthemum beverage. In this study, for the first time, CS-MWCNTs were used as a sorbent for this microextraction mode. Moreover, the proposed method exhibits the advantages of simplicity, rapidity, small sample amount and ease of operation. Furthermore, all of the important parameters that affect the extraction efficiency, such as the sorbent, pH, extraction time and type of elution solvent, were investigated and optimized in the DMSPE. Under the optimized extraction condition, the limit of detection, which was calculated based on a signal-to-noise ratio of 3, was 0.22-16.19ngmL-1. Satisfactory recovery values of 89-106% were obtained for the tested samples. The results show that the developed method was successfully applied to determine the content of chlorogenic acid and flavonoids in complex chrysanthemum samples. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

Hu Z.Y.,Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital of Zhejiang Province
Zhonghua lao dong wei sheng zhi ye bing za zhi = Zhonghua laodong weisheng zhiyebing zazhi = Chinese journal of industrial hygiene and occupational diseases | Year: 2011

To evaluate the value of noninvasive intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) in treatment of patients with pneumoconiosis combined with respiratory failure. Three were 46 inpatients with pneumoconiosis combined with respiratory failure. Twenty-six inpatients treated with conventional therapy and NIPPV were categorized as treatment group; Twenty inpatients just treated by conventional therapy served as control group. Compared with the changes of HR, RR and arterial blood gas index (PH, PaCO2, PaO2) in two groups after treatment. The effective ratio of treatment group was 88.5%, control group was 60%, which had significant difference (P < 0.05); The HR in treatment group after treatment was (95.38 +/- 10.75) beats per minute, control group was [(103.00 +/- 12.56) beats per minute; The RR in treatment group was (21.69 +/- 1.37) breaths per minute, control group was [(22.60 +/- 1.57) breaths per minute]; The PaCO2 in treatment group was (52.88 +/- 10.75)mm Hg, control group was [(59.66 +/- 11.49)mm Hg]; All of those were significantly decreased than those in control group (P < 0.05). The PaO2 in treatment group was (100.77 +/- 25.3) mm Hg, control group was [(71.82 +/- 17.94) mmHg]; Compared with the control group, PaO2 in the treatment group increased significantly (P < 0.05). NIPPV is beneficial to pneumoconiosis combined with respiratory failure in different degrees.

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