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Quality of road illumination by headlamps on field conditions rise many doubts despite advanced technology of contemporary design. It is influenced by type approval requirements and exploitation aiming. Both of this thing are insufficiently defined. For improper aiming is responsible exploitation control system especially aiming devices. Headlight's analyzer was worked out as trial of improvement of exploitation conditions. This device ensure much more accuracy and repeatability aiming of all headlighting devices than traditional and allow for photometric measurements and analysis of whole beam pattern. Source


This paper contains an extract from type approval regulations in scope of LED application in vehicle lamps. The problems concerning tests of the vehicle signaling lamps equipped with this kind of light sources, following imprecise regulations was also discussed. Besides, new technical solutions connected with easy control of LED luminous intensity, including changes of apparent surface size and additional lighting effect was also presented. Source


Road illumination range for passing beam is restricted as a result of glare minimizing. As effect is beam pattern division to high and low illumination parts separated by "cut-off" line. Further improvement of road illumination is possible by increasing of use driving beam. It concern high beam automatic switching on and off or by automatic adaptation it to driving conditions. In paper are described methods of normalizing of requirements for such lights and possible consequences for road traffic safety and comfort. Source


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SST.2008.4.1.2. | Award Amount: 3.67M | Year: 2009

Between 1994 and 2001, 361 children were injured or killed during transportation to/from their school in Sweden, whereas 455 were killed or injured in Austria only in 2007 and 97 were killed in Italy in 2005. In a single school bus accident in Greece in 2003, 20 children lost their lives. Different as the above numbers may be, they all tell us one thing: Crashes involving school buses and crashes involving children traveling from/to school, are far from negligible and require further efforts to be drastically reduced. SAFEWAY2SCHOOL aims to design, develop, integrate and evaluate technologies for providing a holistic and safe transportation service for children, from their home door to the school door and vice versa, encompassing tools, services and training for all key actors in the relevant transportation chain. These include optimal route planning and rerouting for school buses to maximize safety, on-board safety applications (i.e. for speed control and seat belts), intelligent bus stops, effective warning and information systems for bus drivers, children, parents and the surrounding traffic; as well as training schemes for all actors. The project innovative systems, services and training schemes will be tested in 4 sites Europewide, including North (Sweden), Central (Austria), South (Italy) and Eastern (Poland) Europe; to evaluate their usability, efficiency, user acceptance and market viability; taking into account the very different childrens transportation to/from school systems across the different European regions as well as key cultural and socio-economic aspects.


Grant
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: TPT-2007-0.0-05 | Award Amount: 1.16M | Year: 2008

There is a well documented relationship between speed and collisions. Excessive and inappropriate speed is the single biggest contributory factor in fatal road crashes. It increases both the risk of a crash happening and the severity of injuries resulting from crashes. Speed which encompasses excessive speed (i.e. driving above the speed limits) or inappropriate speed (driving too fast for the prevailing conditions, but within the legal limits) is contributing to as much as one third of fatal accidents and an aggravating fact in all accidents. Speeding poses particular risks to vulnerable road users such as pedestrians and cyclists as well. Moreover, speed reduction mitigates the negative environmental impacts of transport. Excessive speed contributes to significant adverse impacts on the environment, as the level of exhaust emissions; fuel consumption and noise emitted by vehicles are closely related to vehicle speed. Speed has also an important impact on the quality of life in urban areas, where fast moving vehicles can interfere with the quality of life of urban residents. Mitigating speed is therefore a cornerstone in bringing safety and sustainability together. The objective of the SHLOW Project is to raise citizens awareness on the link between safety and sustainability in transport research and policy by focusing on speed management as a major aspect in preventing road casualties and protecting the environment. In addition to generally highlighting EU research results in this important area, the European Transport Safety Council (ETSC) and its national member organsations will promote further research into the acceptance and use of speed management technologies such as Intelligent Speed Assistance systems.

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