Instytut Tele I Radiotechniczny

Warsaw, Poland

Instytut Tele I Radiotechniczny

Warsaw, Poland

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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: ENV.2010.3.3.2-1 | Award Amount: 5.09M | Year: 2011

LCA to go develops sectoral methods and tools for bio-based plastics, industrial machinery, electronics, renewable energy, sensors and smart textiles. These sectors have been chosen, as the manufacturers show a high interest in making clear the environmental benefits of their products to customers (Green industries) and in prioritizing so they can reduce their environmental impacts. This is particularly the case for SMEs. Free webtools (apps) will serve dedicated needs of these sectors, addressing the specifics of the technologies and implementing parameterised models, such as calculators for energy-break-even-point of photovoltaics, Product Carbon Footprints (PCF) based on technology parameters of printed circuit boards, and Key Environmental Performance Indicators (KEPIs) for smart textiles. Selected Product Category Rules will be developed to provide a robust LCA guidance for SMEs. Practically, the project website will provide an exchange of scientifically validated data templates, to assist SMEs to pass the right questions to their suppliers. Carbon Footprints are a perfect entry point for SMEs to LCA strategies. Thus, implementation of an SME-compatible PCF methodology is a key element of the project. The approaches will be tested in 7 sectoral case studies, involving suppliers, end-product manufacturers and engineering companies. Inter-linkages between the sectors (on a technical and data level) will be thoroughly addressed. A broad dissemination campaign includes a mentoring programme for 100 SMEs, which will act as showcases for others, boosting use of LCA approaches among European SMEs at large. RTD and dissemination activities will be complemented by policy recommendations and liaison with standardisation activities. The web-tools, being compatible with ILCD data and other external sources, will be made available as open source software, to be adapted to other sectors. The project will have a direct impact on sectors representing nearly 500,000 SMEs.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: FoF-13-2015 | Award Amount: 7.01M | Year: 2015

sustainablySMART will make a change to the life cycle of mobile information and communication devices by developing new product design approaches (including enhanced end-of-life performance, re-use and re-manufacturing aspects; i.e. implementing Design for a Circular Economy) for smartphones and tablet computers on the product and printed circuit board level, and by new re-/de-manufacturing processes with improved resource efficiency through (1) enhanced sorting capabilities and speed (optimized sorting efficiency), (2) automated disassembly of mobile IT devices for extraction of reusable components / modules, better material separation and depollution of end-of-life devices (increase value creation out of discarded devices significantly to create an economic advantage over shredding processes), and (3) high-quality performance testing (batteries) and rework (semiconductors and modules) of reusable components/modules (creating a market push for reusable parts through enhanced availability for repair and cascade reuse)


In the paper the use of Rogowski coil manufactured in multilayer PCB technology for the measurement of emissions of harmonic currents into the mains has been described. The method of evaluating the frequency characteristic of the coil up to several MHz has been presented. The current measurement resolution has been discussed taking into account the thermal noise of the coil and the equivalent input noise of the modern coil signal amplifier. The algorithms of coil signal processing have been evaluated.


This paper presents the requirements for electromagnetic compatibility EMC emission and immunity for the power protection units. The most important standards and recommendations for designing electronic devices for industrial automation have been presented.


This paper presents the requirements for electromagnetic compatibility EMC emission and immunity for the power protection units. The most important standards and recommendations for designing electronic devices for industrial automation have been presented. © 2014, Wydawnictwo SIGMA - N O T Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.


Permanent magnets are used in many sorts of devices. They are applied in many electromagnetic transducers - like, for example, electric machines and measurement instruments. Nowadays a new generation of sensors, especially position sensors, are fitted with permanent magnets. Different types of sensors and different working environments require the application of permanent magnets with parameters adapted to working conditions, such as, among other things, the temperature of operation. This paper presents a review of permanent magnets, their magnetic properties and their properties in different temperatures.


Slusarek B.,Instytut Tele i Radiotechniczny
Przeglad Elektrotechniczny | Year: 2010

Development of new soft and hard magnetic materials is one of the main factors decisive for the development of today's electric machines. Magnetic materials prepared by powder metallurgy technology find more and more application in electric machines and other electromagnetic transducers. Magnetic parts are manufactured from different types of powder and by different methods of powder metallurgy technology. The paper reviews soft and hard magnetic powders, technology of production of magnetic parts and their physical properties.


Chudorlinski J.,Instytut Tele i Radiotechniczny | Michalski P.,Instytut Tele i Radiotechniczny
Przeglad Elektrotechniczny | Year: 2015

This paper presents the requirements for electromagnetic compatibility EMC emission and immunity for equipment of power system protection.The sources of electromagnetic disturbances and the latest editions of standards for testing electronic devices for equipment of power system protection have been presented. © 2015, Wydawnictwo SIGMA - N O T Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.


Michalski P.,Instytut Tele i Radiotechniczny | Chudorlinski J.,Instytut Tele i Radiotechniczny
Przeglad Elektrotechniczny | Year: 2015

Paper presents circuit diagram of connection between thermopile sensor and microcontroller unit before and after required immunity threshold achieving. Article shows ways of industrial level EMC immunity reaching from conducted disturbance induced by radio-frequency fields (CWS) and from fast transients disturbances (BURST). © 2015, Wydawnictwo SIGMA - N O T Sp. z o.o. All rights reserved.


Patent
Instytut Tele I Radiotechniczny | Date: 2014-02-05

The manner of increasing biogas net calorific value is based on the following: biogas, dried and purified of sulfur compounds, and compressed, and mixed with hydrogen, is processed in unbalanced plasma with the electron energy of ca. 1 eV and inert gas temperature within the range of 1500K-2000K, as a result of which carbon dioxide is hydrogenated and simple aliphatic hydrocarbons are created. Then post-reaction gases are cooled down and hydrogen is separated, while the remaining gases mixture is combusted and energy is generated. The resultant combustion gases are dried, dust is filtered, and then nitric oxides are decomposed, after which carbon dioxide is released. The resultant gas, with nitrogen as the main gas, is let out to chimney. The device for increasing net calorific value of biogas from a biogas plant / is equipped with: biogas drying system /, biogas purification system of sulfur compounds purified gas compressing system /, and plasma reactor with gas feeding system , equipped with post-reaction gases cooler / with condensed water tank , connected with hydrogen separator Post-reaction gases cooler and hydrogen separator are connected with the post-reaction gases control system . Hydrogen separator is connected with hydrogen tank connected with the gases feeding system and post-reaction gases control system and cogenerator , which in turn, is connected through the combustion gases drying system and dust filter with the reactor used for NO_(x) decomposition connected with the carbon dioxide separation system from the combustion gases Hydrogen separator with the hydrogen tank and gas feeding system to plasma reactor is connected by hydrogen return line . The carbon dioxide separation system from the combustion gases is connected with cogenerator by carbon dioxide return line .

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