Instytut Meteorologii i Gospodarki Wodnej Panstwowy Instytut Badawczy
Instytut Meteorologii i Gospodarki Wodnej Panstwowy Instytut Badawczy
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2011-1 | Award Amount: 1.38M | Year: 2012
Both in lakes, large ponds, water reservoirs and public waters, the growth of blue-green algae constitute a formidable problem. These types of algae represent a group of bacteria, known as cyanobacteria. They give rise to a distinctly foul odour and are also known to produce toxins. These toxins can cause various discomforts and illnesses. As well as causing skin irritations they are even suspected to be involved in the occurrence of liver cancer. Each year, numerous lakes are forced to close for all recreational use due to the growth of blue-green algae. In response to this global problem, a substantial annual budget is being released by governments with the purpose of keeping lakes clear from blue-green algae. Todays traditional algae controlling methods (e.g. aeration, chemical or biological additives, ultrasound and others) are not sufficiently effective when it comes to larger waters. There are high labour costs associated with the need for frequent maintenance and dosage. Another concern is the environmental impact in particular cases, especially when chemicals are used. The ClearWaterPMPC project offers solutions to these problems by providing an environmentally-friendly technology that is based on ultrasound. Ultrasound is a well-known and proven technology for the treatment of algae. In contrast to currently available ultrasound based algae control systems, the ClearWaterPMPC project will be more cost-effective due to its low operation and installation costs. It will have an implemented online lake monitoring system and the possibility for remote control of specific control parameters. The system will also be independent of power supply from shore, since it will be self-supporting of power through solar panels and/or windmill generator. The technical issues that will be encountered in the development work demand expertise at a high level in the areas of Ultra Sound, electronic design and IT-systems. In addition, the project requires highly skilled re
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2011-1.1.14. | Award Amount: 7.58M | Year: 2011
The overall objective of the SeaDataNet II project is to upgrade the present SeaDataNet infrastructure into an operationally robust and state-of-the-art Pan-European infrastructure for providing up-to-date and high quality access to ocean and marine metadata, data and data products originating from data acquisition activities by all engaged coastal states, by setting, adopting and promoting common data management standards and by realising technical and semantic interoperability with other relevant data management systems and initiatives on behalf of science, environmental management, policy making, and economy. SeaDataNet is undertaken by the National Oceanographic Data Centres (NODCs), and marine information services of major research institutes, from 31 coastal states bordering the European seas, and also includes Satellite Data Centres, expert modelling centres and the international organisations IOC, ICES and EU-JRC in its network. Its 40 data centres are highly skilled and have been actively engaged in data management for many years and have the essential capabilities and facilities for data quality control, long term stewardship, retrieval and distribution. SeaDataNet II will undertake activities to achieve data access and data products services that meet requirements of end-users and intermediate user communities, such as GMES Marine Core Services (e.g. MyOcean), establishing SeaDataNet as the core data management component of the EMODNet infrastructure and contributing on behalf of Europe to global portal initiatives, such as the IOC/IODE Ocean Data Portal (ODP), and GEOSS. Moreover it aims to achieve INSPIRE compliance and to contribute to the INSPIRE process for developing implementing rules for oceanography.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: ICT-2007.6.3 | Award Amount: 13.61M | Year: 2008
The GENESIS Project has the objective of providing Environment management and Health actors with an innovative solution based on advanced ICT. Relying on interoperability standards and harmonization process, GENESIS helps to constitute complex information networks, by combining benefits of various information systems with a collaborative systems approach. The proposed generic solution allows easy deployment and customization to thematic needs on a wide range of applications, at regional, national or Europe levels for various thematic fields. The main benefits of GENESIS solution are two-fold :-to improve and facilitate actors daily practices in relation with the management of environmental data; -to perform an essential step in the deployment of the Single Information Space for the environment in Europe. The GENESIS solution will be validated through dedicated scenarios addressing thematic fields of Air Quality, Water Quality and their impact on Health. For the final benefits and information of European citizens, the needs of Environment and Health stakeholders are covered through fundamental services like : -environment monitoring,\n-multi-criteria finding of the information; -visualization and combination of static or near-real-time information; -fusion of various sources of environmental data; -correlation between environmental with health data; -support of decision making processes; -support of the risk management and response to crisis; -near-real-time information of citizens. The GENESIS generic solution is open and sustainable as based on de facto and emerging standards (OGC, OASIS, INSPIRE,...). Moreover, the GENESIS project development integrates current state of the art and innovative researches of major EC or ESA projects. GENERIS project represents an important step in operational environmental management in Europe thus paving the way to an effective wide deployment of the solution as part of the future Single European Information Space for Environment.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2008-1.1.1 | Award Amount: 4.00M | Year: 2009
The recently finished FP6 RI Black Sea SCENE project has established a Black Sea Scientific Network of leading environmental and socio-economic research institutes, universities and NGOs from the countries around the Black Sea and has developed a distributed virtual data and information infrastructure that is populated and maintained by these organisations to improve the identification, access, exchange, quality indication and use of their data and information about the Black Sea. The Black Sea SCENE research infrastructure stimulates scientific cooperation, exchange of knowledge and expertise, and strengthens the regional capacity and performance of marine environmental data and information management, underpins harmonization with European marine data quality control/assessment procedures and adoption of international meta-data standards and data-management practices, providing improved data & information delivery services for the Black Sea region at a European level. The Up-Grade of Black Sea SCENE project aims: a) to extend the existing research infrastructure with 19 marine environmental institutes/organizations from the 6 Black Sea countries, b) to implement the results of the Joint Research Activities of the FP6 RI SeaDataNet project (common communication standards and adapted technologies to ensure the datacenters interoperability), c) to network the existing and new Black Sea datacenters, active in data collection, and provide integrated databases of standardized quality on-line, d) to realize and improve on-line access to in-situ and remote sensing data, meta-data and products and e) to adopt standardized methodologies for data quality checking to ensure the quality, compatibility and coherence of the data issuing from so many sources. The Up-Grade Black Sea SCENE project is undertaken by 51 partners of which 43 are located in the Black Sea countries.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: ENV.2009.3.1.6.1 | Award Amount: 8.53M | Year: 2009
Coastal areas are vital economic hubs in terms of settlement, industry, agriculture, trade and tourism to mention some key sectors. There are already many coastal problems including erosion, flood risk and long-term habitat deterioration. As economies continue to develop the asset base at risk will grow, while accelerating climate change will increase the likelihood of damaging extreme events, as well as accelerate habitat decline. Existing coastal management and defence approaches are not well tuned to these challenges as they assume a static situation. THESEUS will develop a systematic approach to delivering both a low-risk coast for human use and healthy habitats for evolving coastal zones subject to multiple change factors. The innovative combined mitigation and adaptation technologies to be considered will include ecologically-based mitigation measures (such as restoration and/or creation of habitats), hydro-morphodynamic techniques (such as wave energy converters, sediment reservoirs, multi-purpose structures, overtop resistant dikes), actions to reduce the impact on society and economy (such as promotion of risk awareness or spatial planning) and GIS-based software to support defence planning. To integrate the best of these technical measures in a strategic policy context we will develop overarching THESEUS guidelines which will considers the environmental, social and economic issues raised in any coastal area. It is in this spirit that THESEUS will advance European and international experience in applying innovative technologies to reducing coastal risks. THESEUS activities will be carried out within a multidisciplinary framework using 8 study sites across Europe, with specific attention to the most vulnerable coastal environments such as deltas, estuaries and wetlands, where many large cities and industrial areas are located.
Jankowska I.,Instytut Meteorologii I Gospodarki Wodnej Panstwowy Instytut Badawczy
Prace i Studia Geograficzne | Year: 2015
The knowledge of soil moisture spatial variability is an important issue for hydrological and climatic studies. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the spatial distribution of soil water resources in a lowland basin. The area chosen for study is the Liwiec basin (left tributary of the Bug river), situated in central Poland. The analysis is based on field measurements of volumetric soil moisture conducted since 2009 till 2011. Soil moisture measurements were performed at six locations in the Liwiec basin. The measurements were carried out using a portable time domain reflectometer (TDR). Empirical soil moisture data was used to verify the hypothesis of temporal stability of soil moisture. The concept of temporal stability proposed in pedohydrology in the 80s of the twentieth century by G. Vachaud et al. (1985), presupposes the existence of the relationship between the soil moisture indicators at a point and the values representing the spatial averages. Assuming temporal stability of soil moisture in the Liwiec basin a method of evaluation of soil moisture spatial distribution has been developed based on field measurements and spatial data (i.e. DEM, digital agricultural soil map, forest digital map). Parameterization of the factors influencing the variability of soil moisture (topography, particle size distribution of soils and density of vegetation) was made based on the topographic wetness index (TWI). The modified TWI index was considered a static model of the spatial structure of soil moisture in the Liwiec basin. By integrating this spatial model and the results of field measurements, soil moisture maps were developed.
Marzenna S.,Instytut Meteorologii i Gospodarki Wodnej Panstwowy Instytut Badawczy
Oceanology | Year: 2012
The study focused on the evaluation of probable changes in the severity of sea ice conditions occurring in 3 selected areas of the Baltic Sea: the Gulf of Bothnia, Gulf of Finland and the Southern Baltic Sea up to the year 2100. The areas have been chosen due to the high intensity of marine traffic (the Gulfs-of Bothnia and of Finland) and due to differences in sea ice conditions; winters in the Gulf of Bothnia were characterized as the most severe, whereas in the Southern Baltic were classified as the mildest ones. Consequently, three scenarios were taken into account in the study: A2 (slow rate of global economic development, market scenario), A1B (regional scenario, rapid economic development, with ecological priorities), B1 (sustainable, median economic development with strong ecological priorities), all three constructed on the basis of Special Report on Emissions Scenarios (SRES models of greenhouse gas emission). The probable changes of sea ice conditions expressed as severity index S were calculated from these models. The main results of the investigation are as follows, the variety of sea ice conditions occurring in specific regions of the Baltic will remain stable (i. e. the most severe winter conditions will still occur in Gulf of Bothnia, while the mildest in the Southern Baltic Sea). The most significant changes are likely to occur in the Southern Baltic, where some winters without ice cover in the Vistula Lagoon may happen. Nonetheless, some extremely severe winters will occur and also within specific seasons more winters with a lower number of days with ice will occur. © 2012 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-SA | Phase: SEC-2013.4.1-5 | Award Amount: 1.32M | Year: 2014
The overall aim of the TACTIC project is to increase preparedness to large-scale and cross-border disasters amongst communities and societies in Europe. To achieve this, TACTIC will consider studies on risk perception and preparedness (including good practices and preparedness programmes) in order to develop a participatory community preparedness audit enabling communities to assess, impacts in a multi-hazard context, their motivations and capacities to prepare for large-scale and/or cross-border disasters. This forms the basis for developing context-sensitive education and training strategies and practices that are embedded in an overarching long-term learning framework (including evaluation procedures) for increasing the overall prepares of communities and societies across Europe. Rather than taking a top-down approach to preparedness, TACTIC will pursue a collaborative project strategy by including different user and stakeholder groups in the development, testing and validation of tools and materials throughout the process of the project by conducting four case studies focusing on terrorism, floods, pandemics and earthquakes.
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SPA.2010.1.1-04 | Award Amount: 2.98M | Year: 2011
The main objective of the proposed project GLOWASIS is to pre-validate a GMES Global Service for Water Scarcity Information. In European and global pilots on the scale of river catchments, it will combine in-situ and satellite derived water cycle information and more government ruled statistical water demand data in order to create an information portal on water scarcity. This portal will be made interoperable with the WISE-RTD portal. More awareness for the complexity of the water scarcity problem will be created and additional capabilities of satellite-measured water cycle parameters can be promoted, but also directly matched to user requirements. By creating the user-scientist community, GLOWASIS will guide earth observation scientists to efficient innovation for the specific purpose of water scarcity assessment and forecasting. By linking water demand and supply in three pilot studies with existing systems (EDO and PCR-GLOBWB) for medium- and long-term forecasting in Europe, Africa and worldwide, GLOWASIS information will contribute both in near-real time reporting for emerging drought events as well as in provision of climate change time series. By combining complex water cycle variables, governmental issues and economic relations with respect to water demand, GLOWASIS will aim for the needed streamlining of the wide variety of important water scarcity information. Infrastructure is set up for dissemination and inclusion of current and future innovative and integrated multi-purpose products for research & operational applications. The service will use data from GMES Core Services LMCS Geoland2 and Marine Core Service MyOcean (e.g. land use, soil moisture, soil sealing, sea level), in-situ data from GEWEX initiatives (i.e. International Soil Moisture network), agricultural and industrial water use and demand (statistical AQUASTAT, SEEAW and modelled) and additional water-cycle information from existing global satellite services.
Konca-Kedzierska K.,Instytut Meteorologii I Gospodarki Wodnej Panstwowy Instytut Badawczy |
Liszewska M.,Interdyscyplinarne Centrum Modelowania Matematycznego I Komputerowego
Scientific Review Engineering and Environmental Sciences | Year: 2015
Knowledge of characteristics of future climate is essential to create adaptation plans. Numerical models can provide such information but an important issue is the correct assessment of reliability. This important problem can be solved by evaluating the ability of a model to reproduce past climate. It is assumed that the type and amount of error in the reference period is transferred to a scenario period. In this paper, the reconstruction of precipitation in 1971-1990 period by models selected from the EU ENSEMBLES project was analyzed. Analyses were subjected to precipitation conditions described by climatic indices based on daily sum of precipitation. Climate indices maps were compared by two methods. The first method is called optical flow method, and consists of assessing the parameters of a local transformation of fields. The second method uses the cluster analysis technique to a combined field consisting of reconstructed and reference values. These methods allow to perform an objectified evaluation of climate simulations.