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This publication analyses the possibilities of mining for rock raw materials from documented and unexploited rock raw material deposits within the legally protected areas of a voivodenship (Polish province). The research shows that within the legally protected areas of the selected voivodeship, there were 39 such deposits with total resources of 985.2 millionMg. These deposits are located within the following areas: Natural Landscape Parks, Landscape Protection Areas, Natura 2000 areas, underneath the retention reservoir Słup (1 gravel and sand deposit), as well as within the areas of two Natural Landscape Parks planned to be designed. Analysis of the deposits shows that environmental considerations do not exclude prospective mineral resources extraction; however, they limited such extraction to a great extent. Raw material deposits could only be exploited pursuant to the Polish Act of 9 June 2011 Geological and Mining Law, that is, after obtaining a concession for mining activities within a particular area. One of the attachments to the concession application form is the prior decision on environmental conditionings for undertaking execution pursuant to Article 72 of the Act on Access to Information on the Environment. The crucial part of obtaining the approval for the undertaking is conducting the so-called impact evaluation procedure. This procedure is aimed at preventing an unfavourable influence on the environment from the planned undertaking. Additionally, in the case of legally protected areas, the possibilities of mining are conditioned by the Polish Environmental Protection Act, and in the case of Natural Landscape Parks by the legal act establishing a certain Landscape Park. In the legal acts establishing 3 particular Landscape Parks (Bóbr Valley Landscape Park, Rudawy Landscape Park, and Chełmy Landscape Park) there are total bans on executing undertakings that could considerably influence the environment, as well as on obtaining rocks, fossils, and minerals for economic purposes. That means that 8 deposits located within the areas of these Parks could not be exploited. The only exception here is the deposit of amphibolite "Wieściszowice", due to the provisions of the act establishing the Rudawy Landscape Park concerning the possibility of mining for minerals if the conducted evaluation procedure shows a lack of unfavourable influence on the nature of the Park. In the case of Landscape Protection Areas and Natura 2000 areas, mining of the documented deposits is possible under the condition that the conducted impact evaluation procedure shows a lack of considerable negative influence of the investment on the nature of the protected area, and on the protection objectives of the Natura 2000 area. The analysis has also shown that sand and gravel exploitation is impossible from underneath the Słup retention reservoir. This is caused by the established water intake protection zone that includes the reservoir basin and its hydraulic structures, and which completely eliminates the possibilities of mining for minerals in that area.


This study presents results of simultaneous measurements' series of flow intensity made in more than 60 rivers sections of Oława, Ślȩza, Czarna Woda, Lower Bystrzyca, Strzegomka, Średzka Woda, Cicha Woda, Niecka and Wierzbiak rivers. Surfaces of these areas include clay soils mainly with loess origin. These soils shows low horizontal flow abilities of underground water together with high soaking conditions and natural capillary lift. Area of research has one of the lowest underground water outflow in Poland because of all conditions mentioned above and come to 7-9% of year precipitation (Sawicki, 1978). The deepest low-flow of underground outflow occurs on summer when the evaporation is highest. Atmospheric and hydrological drought occurred on these areas on late autumn and early winter of 2011. I n this period of time rivers were supplied by underground water outflows only so recognizing those outflows was main reason of making research. Area of basin and total length of whole active rivers net. Measured flows was converted to 1 square km and 1 km of river bed length. Results has been compared with long-term results of researches made by IMGW and PiG on their measurement stations. Result was also compared with Ph.d thesis written by author (Sawicki, 1978).


Madziarz M.,Instytut Gornictwa Politechniki Wroclawskiej | Sztuk H.,Instytut Gornictwa Politechniki Wroclawskiej
Prace Naukowe Instytutu Gornictwa Politechniki Wroclawskiej | Year: 2013

In Mining Department of Wroclaw University of Technology research and inventory works of old ore mining places are realized. Together with KGHM CUPRUM Sp. z o.o. company project were prepared protection and use in tourist business relics of cobalt and tin ore mining in region villages Krobica-Gierczyn- Przecznica near Świeradów Zdrój spa town.

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