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Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2011-1 | Award Amount: 2.44M | Year: 2011

There is globally a large and growing market for biofuels, mainly due to environmental and safety of energy supply concerns, which is only limited by production capacity and competitive prices. Currently, the market is almost totally based on 1st generation biofuels, which have negative implications to global food resources. Therefore the rising pressure towards shifting to biomass residues and waste feedstock, is only hampered by the strong scientific and technological barriers still hindering the economic sustainability of so-called second generation biofuels production. The lead SME in the GREEN-OIL project holds a promising innovative process, based on microwave enhanced catalytic depolymerisation for the production of second generation bio-oil from feedstock materials like agricultural, industrial or municipal organic waste. However, currently the process generates bio-oil with high water content and consequently low sales price. The group of SMEs behind the GREEN-OIL project aims at developing new technology to upgrade this bio-oil for utilization in transportation (engine fuels) and for the production of lubricants. Specifically, the consortium wants to develop (1) an innovative dewatering process to reduce bio-oil water content below 2% and (2) a new fractionation process and conversion schemes for refining the dewatered bio-oil. Furthermore, the refined bio-oil will be tested as engine fuel, and the heavier fractions will be assessed as fossil crude replacement for manufacturing lubricants. Consequently, the GREEN-OIL project will strongly increase the competitiveness and economy of the participating SMEs by providing them with state-of-the-art technology for bio-oil upgrading, therefore widening the applicability of this product to new added-value markets.

Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: BSG-SME | Phase: SME-2013-1 | Award Amount: 1.49M | Year: 2013

The BioHeatingOil project will develop a robust and cost-effective automated processing method, a Green Box, for production of bio heating oil - using waste sources in form of fat & grease from the food production industry and grease traps as raw material. In current State of the art (SoA) methods which use fat & grease as a raw material, the quality of the raw material put into the production determine the quality of the end product. This is most often inconvenient, as the user requirement for the bio oil often differs from what the production results are. In addition, current SoA methods cannot handle waste from grease traps as an input media in their process as waste from grease traps is so varied in quality and hence difficult to process. This waste is therefore disposed of, at a cost. The Green Box will improve SoA and have market advantages by providing a process which gives an end product with pre-determined quality in addition to enabling production of bio oil from fat & grease waste from grease traps, which currently are disposed of as waste at a cost. The Green Box concept has also additional advantage in the form of environmental conservation. Having identified a big market opportunity in BioHeatingOil, AS Green Cube Management has invited the SMEs Asio spol. s r.o., Malthe Winje Automasjon AS and Filtersystem Scandinavia AB to take part in the project. By pooling their supplementary expertise, these four SMEs will together develop the technology, the production and distribution channels and will exploit the results jointly. The SMEs have invited the RTDs TI, Labor S.r.l. and ICSO to perform the needed RTD work. The development will include identification and use of existing methods for analysis and parameter adjustment and combines these with a control system, creating an automated process in order to adjust the levels of FFA from 70% down to 5%, water content from 3000 ppm down to 150 ppm and ash residue from 0,5% down to 0,01%.

Low-d. polyethylene was reinforced with com. modified nanosize montmorillonite (5% by mass) by extrusion and pressed to test samples studied for structure and dielec. properties. The elec. resistivity of the composites was lower while the loss tangent was higher than those of original polyethylene.

PhOH, PhOMe and m-MeC6H4OH were condensed with MeOCOCOMe in 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium aluminum chloride optionally in CHCl3 or in presence of AlCl3 to resp. bisphenols. Use of the ionic liq. medium resulted in an increase in the bisphenol yields except for m-MeC6H4OH where no formation of bisphenol was obsd.

Kuliszewska E.,Instytut Ciezkiej Syntezy Organicznej Blachownia | Pozniak B.R.,Instytut Ciezkiej Syntezy Organicznej Blachownia | Hordyjewicz-Baran Z.,Instytut Ciezkiej Syntezy Organicznej Blachownia
Przemysl Chemiczny | Year: 2013

NEt3 and Me2NCH2CH2NMe 2 were converted with C12H25Br and Me 2NC12H25 was converted with NH 2(CH2)nNH2 (n = 3,4 and 6) to S resp. quaternary salts. The products were used as cationic surfactants and studied for crit. micelle concn. (CMC) and surface tension in their aq. solns. The gemini surfactants showed lower CMC than the single ones.

Krueger A.,Instytut Ciezkiej Syntezy Organicznej Blachownia | Tkacz B.,Instytut Ciezkiej Syntezy Organicznej Blachownia
Przemysl Chemiczny | Year: 2013

Progress In the synthesis of (p-OHC6H4)2 CMe2 now achieved (Improved product yield and purity) was presented.

C black was added (conc. 0.4-2.8 cg/g) to a blend of low-d. polyethylene and CH2=CH2/AcOCH=CH2 copolymer (70:30 by mass) contg. azodi-carbonamide foaming agent, ZnO and an antioxidant, calendered at 110-120°C for 10 min and cured with (PhCMe2)O2 at 173-185°C under shearing In a reometer to det. the vulcanization parameters. The addn. of C black did not result in any substantial change of the vulcanizate properties except for a decrease in the crosslinking degree and apparent d. of the foam.

PhOH was condensed with MeOCOCOMe to MeOCO(Me) C(p-C6H 5OH)2 (yield 31.9-53.1%) in N-butyl-N-methylimidazolium AICI4-ionic liq. (optionally after addn. of CHCI3) at 20-60°C for 1-20 h. Neither CHCI3 addn. nor increasing the product yield reaction temp, or time resulted in substantial increasing the product yield and reaction selectivity. The main reaction by-products were m-OHCM6H4C(Me)(OH) COOMe and 3-methyl-3-hydroxycumaranon- 2.

Nowicki J.,Instytut Ciezkiej Syntezy Organicznej Blachownia
Przemysl Chemiczny | Year: 2012

Glycerol was oligomerlzed over Li, K, Cs and Ca modified mol. sieves. The LiX and NaX mol. sieves were found the most advantageous. For the NaX sieves, the optimum parameters were detd. with use of Box-Behnken method.

Low-d. polyethylene was filled with Mg(OH)2 and optionally with Fe(III)(MeCO)2CH2 (acacFe) (45 cg/g and 0.1 cg/g, resp.) at 150-160°C (two-roll calender), press moulded to test samples at 180°C, and studied for flammability, tensile strength, melt flow index and structure (FTIR) during ageing in air at 90°C for 622 h. The addn. of acacFe resulted in acceleration of thermal ageing of the composite and contributed to its inflammability.

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