Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA | Phase: Fission-2012-4.2.1 | Award Amount: 5.40M | Year: 2013
Safety issues are of fundamental importance for the acceptance and sustainable application of nuclear energy. Actinides play a central role in the nuclear fuel cycle from mining, fuel fabrication, energy production, up to treatment of used fuel by reprocessing, partitioning and transmutation and/or finally management and disposal of radioactive waste. A fundamental understanding of actinide properties and behaviour in fuel materials, during the separation processes and once in geological repository is an imperative prerequisite to tackle all the related safety issues. Unravelling the complexity of the principal actinide components of used nuclear fuel certainly represents one of the grand challenges in nuclear science. In order to meet the needs of the safe and sustainable management of nuclear energy, it is therefore essential to maintain highest level of expertise in actinide sciences in Europe and to prepare the next generation of scientists and engineers who will contribute to develop safe actinide management strategies. Because actinides are radioactive elements, their study requires specific tools and facilities that are only available to a limited extent in Europe. Only a few academic and research organisations have the capabilities and licenses to work on these elements under safe conditions. It is therefore strategic to coordinate the existing actinide infrastructures in Europe, and to strengthen the community of European scientists working on actinides. In the continuation of ACTINET-6 and ACTINET-I3, TALISMAN will foster the networking between existing European infrastructures in actinide sciences open them widely to any European scientists by offering and supporting transnational access to unique facilities. To meet its objectives, TALISMAN will animate and organize a network of actinide facilities across the EU that will increase our knowledge for a safer management of actinides fostering training and education.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: Fission-2010-2.1.1 | Award Amount: 3.96M | Year: 2011
The assessment of the condition of low-voltage instrumentation, control, and power cables in nuclear power plants is of increasing importance as plants age and lifetime extensions are envisaged. Furthermore as new reactors are being constructed and many other are planned for the near future, the initial cables choice and the use of effective in-situ condition monitoring (CM) techniques to follow cable condition indicators from the beginning, can result to be very valuable at a later time for an effective cable lifetime management. The overall objective of the proposed project is to adapt, optimise and assess electrical CM techniques for nuclear cables that would allow utilities to assess in-situ the current cable degradation condition and, together with the establishment of appropriate acceptance criteria, to verify its qualified state over its entire length and to estimate its residual lifetime. To this extent, the project will consist in studying with accelerated ageing tests a representative selection of cables already installed in European Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) in order to evaluate the ability of electrical CM techniques to detect local and global cable ageing. The results will be compared and correlated to those obtained with more conventional CM techniques for validation and residual life estimation. These tests will be supported by the study of the impact of cable polymers ageing on the electrical properties. These studies will allow not only to guide the adaptation and the optimisation of existing CM techniques, but also to interpret the results of the electrical measurements, to extend the validity of the results to other similar cables and to adapt the future cable design and formulations to electrical CM techniques. This investigation on innovative cables for future plants could open the way to a new generation of intelligent cables with improved diagnostic capability.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: Fission-2010-1.1.2 | Award Amount: 2.40M | Year: 2011
The focus of IPPA is on the establishment of arenas where different stakeholders can move forward together to increase their understanding of the issues involved in radioactive waste disposal and of their respective views. The focus is on implementation in some central and eastern European countries. The overall structure is in one end to take stock of existing research results and other experiences for implementation, and in the other end to evaluate to provide feedback to knowledge and research. The framework of the Implementing Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste Technology Platform (IGD-TP) can be a suitable forum in which to investigate these issues further, therefore emphasis is given to linking IPPA results to the development of the platform. Work Package 1 provides participants with information and overview of theoretical achievements and practical experiences both from research and national programmes that should be valuable when organizing activities and arenas for participation and transparency. An information package on basic approaches is produced for that purpose. In Work Package 2, the RISCOM Model and other approaches to public involvement are implemented in five radioactive waste management (rwm) programmes in Central and Eastern European countries. The practical implementation activities will vary between countries, as the status of the programmes, other national and local factors and issues of debate differ. In Work Package 3, certain issues of common interest for all countries and for groups of countries will be investigated - Cross-border issues (such as Environmental Impact Assessment and the Espoo Convention), The regional repository option and application of the Aarhus Convention. The ARGONA empirical data for analysing how negotiations on compensation can be implemented at the local level and the study ended in concrete recommendations for this. In Work Package 4, these and other issues will be further examined and communicated with municipalities in participating countries. In Work Package 5 a review will be made of activities in Work Package 2 in order to provide feedback to these activities and also to the European knowledge base for processes of participation and transparency. The dissemination of IPPA approaches and results will take place in Work Package 6. A project website will be developed and maintained, and an End Users Conferences will be organized towards the end of project.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CSA-CA | Phase: Fission-2011-3.5.1 | Award Amount: 1.55M | Year: 2012
Creating a sustainable network in biological dosimetry that involves a large number of experienced laboratories throughout the EU will significantly improve the accident and emergency response capabilities in case of a large-scale radiological emergency. A well organised cooperated action involving EU laboratories will offer the only chance for a fast and trustworthy dose assessment urgently needed in an emergency situation. The goal of RENEB is to establish a sustainable European network in biological dosimetry involving 23 organisations from 16 countries identified by the TENEB survey, that will guarantee highest efficiency in processing and scoring of biological samples for fast, reliable results implemented in the EU emergency management. This goal will be achieved through 5 tasks: 1) To create an operational basis of the network, based on coordination of the existing reliable and proven methods in biological dosimetry. 2) To expand and improve the network implementing appropriate new, molecular biology methods and integrating new partners. 3) To assure high quality standards by education and training activities of members and interested non-members. Here, special focus will be placed on quality assurance and management regarding the performed assays and involved laboratories. 4) To develop an operational structure of the network including contacts to national first responders, a well organised transnational infrastructure to facilitate cross-border transport of human biological samples, a long term funding strategy and to prepare an agenda to transform RENEB into a legal organisation. 5) To guarantee dissemination of knowledge by providing access to internal and external communication platforms and databases and close cooperation with national and global emergency preparedness systems and organisations. All of these activities are strictly complementary to on-going projects in the EU Security Research Programme, specifically to MULTIBIODOSE and to EURADOS.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: Fission-2012-2.3.1 | Award Amount: 10.27M | Year: 2013
Nuclear power plays a key role in limiting EUs greenhouse gases emissions, and makes an important contribution to improve European Unions independence, security and diversity of energy supply. However, its social acceptance is closely linked to an enhanced safety in the management of long-lived radioactive waste contributing to resource efficiency and cost-effectiveness of this energy and ensuring a robust and socially acceptable system of protection of man and environment. Among the different strategies, partitioning and transmutation (P&T) allows a reduction of the amount, the radiotoxicity and the thermal power of these wastes, leading to an optimal use of geological repository sites. In line with the Strategic Research Agenda of SNE-TP, the SACSESS collaborative project will provide a structured framework to enhance the fuel cycle safety associated to P&T. In addition, safety studies will be performed for each selected process to identify weak points to be studied further. These data will be integrated to optimise flowsheets and process operation conditions. A training and education programme will be implemented in close collaboration with other European initiatives, addressing safety issues of nuclear energy industry. The multidisciplinary consortium composed of European universities, nuclear research bodies, TSOs and industrial stakeholders will generate fundamental safety improvements on the future design of an Advanced Processing Unit. SACSESS will thus be an essential contribution to the demonstration of the potential benefits of actinide partitioning to the global safety of the long-lived waste management.