Kraków, Poland
Kraków, Poland

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New localities and current distribution maps of rare vascular plant species in the northern part of the Puszcza Niepoiomicka forest are published. For more frequent species new localities are also given. The floristic data were collected in 2012-2015, mainly in the Vistula and Drwinka River valleys. Ten plant species are given for the first time in the flora of the Puszcza Niepoiomicka forest: Cerastium glutinosum, Erechtites hieracifolia, Fragaria viridis, Potentilla neumanniana, Myosotis ramosissima, M. stricta, Valerianella locusta, Veronica triphyllos, Viola hirta and V. stagnina. Cerastium semidecandrum regarded as probably extinct in the Puszcza Niepoiomicka forest was noted again.

Szczepaniak M.,Instytut Botaniki
Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Polonica | Year: 2015

Gaudin's protologue (Gaudin 1828) is examined to elucidate the correct name of the marsh gladiolus. The correct name of Gladiolus palustris Gaudin is established. This specific name is in accordance with the rules of the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Art. 11.1 and 11.4; McNeill et al. 2012) and such form should be used. G. paluster Gaudin is not a synonym of G. palustris Gaudin. The Latin adjective paluster classically had the -er ending for the masculine but botanical usage generally prefers the masculine -is ending.

Variability of some of the morphological characters of the bracts and the flowers (lower lips with tube) on the basis of 5150 specimens from genus Euphrasia, subsection Ciliatae is presented. These specimens were included in 23 taxonomical samples from herbarium of W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences in Kraków (KRAM) and in 179 populations samples from Poland. The similarites and differences between the arithmetic means of the samples been shown by the method Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Canonical Discriminant Analysis (CDA), Cluster Analysis (CA), graphical method of J. Jentys-Szaferowa, and others. Found that in Poland there are the following taxa: E. officinalis subsp. rostkoviana, E. pieta, E. exaristata, E. stricta, E. xvernalis, E. nemorosa (including E. coerulea) with subsp. nemorosa and subsp. curta, E. tatrae with subsp. tatrae and subsp. xglandulifera, E. minima and E. micrantha. The key to determine particular taxa is given.

The list of anthropophytes noted in the Vistula River valley (between Raba and Wisłoka Rivers mouths) in the Kotlina Sandomierska basin is presented. Anthropophytes count 180 species (22.9% of all noted vascular plant species). They include: 91 archaeophytes (11.6% of all species), 66 kenophytes (8,4%; 29 epecophytes, 32 hemiagriophytes and 5 holoagriophytes) and 23 ergasiophygophytes. Most of them (67.8%) are very rare or rare species.

Towpasz K.,Instytut Botaniki | Stachurska-Swakon A.,Instytut Botaniki
Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Polonica | Year: 2015

The paper contains a list of the 189 vascular plants species of the Ciężkowice Foothills (Western Carpathians). 8 species are new for the region and 181 has new localities. The list brought new information according to rare species for that part of the Carpathians Foothills.

Staphylea pinnata L. is a protected species in Poland. In Ciȩżkowice Foothills it is rare plant (Fig. 1). In May 2009, the new locality of this species have been found near Wola Lubecka (EF 7840 according to ATPOL square system) in the Polish Western Carpathians. © W.Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Science 2011 All Right Reservd.

Occurrence of four alien grass species of the genus Eragrostis in Cracow was presented. Three of them seem established in the flora of the town, showing varied pace of expansion (the quickest in the case of E. minor). For E. multicaulis and E. albensis maps of distribution were prepared and list of the sites were given. Habitat characteristics were presented by means of the floristic releve's taken in patches where the species in question grew.

This paper present information about grass species occurring in the eastern part of the Opoczyńskie Hills.

Durak T.,University of Rzeszow | Zywlec M.,Instytut Botaniki | Ortyl B.,University of Rzeszow
Sylwan | Year: 2013

Complete discontinuation of agricuttural use of subatpine meadows in the Western Bieszczady, which dates back to 1940s, started the process of their overgrowing with brushwood. Based on avaitabte cartographic material the fotlowing features were anatysed: changes in the area occupied by brushwood on Mała Rawka and Wietka Rawka subatpine meadows, their growth rate and the retationship between the overgrowth process and the previous manner of agricuttural use as wett as topographic conditions throughout tast 30 years. In that period the brushwood on Mała Rawka meadow (in the past the area had been reaped) was characterised by a small initiat area (in the 1980s), a significant growth rate of the area and its rotation to the stopes exposed to N, NE and E, the zone adjacent to the timber tine and steeper stopes. tn 1980 on Wietka Rawka meadow (previousty used as a pasture) a high share of brushwood was found (about 25% of the meadow area), whose distribution was retated onty to the stopes of N, NE and E exposure. In subsequent years the growth rate was tow. The resutts indicate a progressing process of overgrowing of subatpine meadows by brushwood. The brushwood expansion is retated to discontinuation of agricuttural use of the meadows and its course depends on the earlier regime of cuttivation. The pattern of brushwood distribution atso depends on attitude, exposure and the grade of stopes. Those rotations resutt from the expansion of the rowan tree, dominating in the brushwood, atso ctimatic conditions and accessibitity of the ground.

Budzik K.,Instytut Botaniki | Stachurska-Swakon A.,Instytut Botaniki
Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica Polonica | Year: 2012

Ornithogalum umbellatum L. is protected and rare species in natural localities in Poland. It occurs mainly in central and western part of the country. Only one locality was historically known from the Carpathians (ZAJA̧C & ZAJA̧C 2001). It was described by CIEMIȨGA (1960) from the Ciȩżkowice Foothills, but not confirmed by KORNAŚ et al. (1996). The new locality for this species have been found in the Rożnów Foothills, in the Pleśnianka drainage basin (EF 8604 of ATPOL square system, Fig. 1). The occurrence of small population discovered in 2008 in the Arrhenatheretum elatioris was confirmed in 2009 and 2011.

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