Institutul National Of Cercetare Dezvoltare Pentru Textile Si Pielarie

Bucharest, Romania

Institutul National Of Cercetare Dezvoltare Pentru Textile Si Pielarie

Bucharest, Romania
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Olaru S.,Institutul National Of Cercetare Dezvoltare Pentru Textile Si Pielarie | Filipescu E.,Technical University Gheorghe Asachi | Niculescu C.,Institutul National Of Cercetare Dezvoltare Pentru Textile Si Pielarie
Industria Textila | Year: 2013

In the activity of clothing realization in industrial system and based on user specific sizes (customized clothing), it is very important for the pattern designer to operate with a maximum amount of information about potential users body shape. At the stage of establishing the necessary database, it is necessary that the pattern designer to assess swiftly and accurately the morphological features of the customer in order to design patterns in terms of efficiency. This paper aims to develop a model center on a relatively small number of anthropometric sizes taken on any subject, to allow the pattern designer to evaluate objectively and in a very short time - body type and morphological features - posture, size and conformation to any subject. In order to develop the model, it was necessary to establish a database that assesses the morphological features of the automated test subjects.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: NMP-2007-3.3-1 | Award Amount: 4.20M | Year: 2008

Eco-Tex-Design has for overall objective to develop a platform supporting a Knowledge Based Collaborative 3D Virtual Design dedicated to the Clothing & Leather/Footwear SMEs. The adding value of this project will consist of the integration of decision making supports derived from a knowledge based environment related to performance as well as to environmental, health and toxicological regulations, standards and labels. The Eco-Tex-Design project will therefore focus on two main objectives addressing the design process and at a lesser extend, a third one focusing on production framework and future mass customisation. These objectives will consist of: 1. A Collaborative 3D Virtual Design Platform providing users with information and tools as well as an integration framework including all the main components to be developed within the project. 2. A new knowledge environment based on a five data sets and on the customer demand and/or specifications. It will be interacting with legacy 2D CAD and new 3D CAD systems and linked to the collaborative platform. It will include: An EHS Decision Making Toolbox and a Performance Evaluation Module 3. A Production Organisation Framework based on the concept of extended factory enabling a fast reaction to the new trends. Itwill include: a partnership network and a Data sheets generator based on historic of data sheets. For achieving these objectives, Eco-Tex-Design will address the whole design process.


Manolache E.,HYPERION University | Bratu S.,Spiru Haret University | Paun S.,Polytechnic University of Bucharest | Iordanescu M.,Institutul National Of Cercetare Dezvoltare Pentru Textile Si Pielarie
Industria Textila | Year: 2014

Over the past decade, there has been increasing evidence describing the importance of clothing involvement in the apparel purchase decision, the role of apparel hang tags in shaping consumers' attitudes and behaviors relative to SR patronage decisions, the environmental consequences of production and disposal of fashion textiles, and consumers' willingness to pay for domestically made or grown products. The mainstay of the paper is formed by an analysis of the importance of green products and their promotion to consumers, the use of point-of-purchase promotional communications to inform consumers about apparel companies' engagement in SR business practices, the impact of consumers' perception of green campaign on the acceptance of green consciousness, and biog advertisements' effects on consumer behavior. Our paper contributes to the literature by providing evidence on the impact of enhanced design and quick response on consumer purchasing behavior, the importance of social norms in a consumption context, the effect of environmental claims in clothing promotion, and the importance of understanding consumer involvement in retailing.


Florescu M.,Academia de Studii Economice | Visileanu E.,Institutul National Of Cercetare Dezvoltare Pentru Textile Si Pielarie
Industria Textila | Year: 2012

Absorption of structural funds is an opportunity to support economic growth and reduce the development gap, which, in the context of the global recession, becomes a new challenge for Romania. The absorption capacity represents the degree to which a country is capable of effectively and efficiently spend financial resources allocated from European funds. European funds absorption efficiency analysis would imply analysis of the institutional system designed to manage funds, the beneficiaries to whom these funds are addressed. Thus we can consider that there are two distinct features, namely the absorption capacity from the supply side (funding) and absorption capacity from the applicant. This paper proposes an original analysis of statistics and efficiency of Romania's involvement through FP 7 projects.


Niculescu C.,Institutul National Of Cercetare Dezvoltare Pentru Textile Si Pielarie | Salistean A.,Institutul National Of Cercetare Dezvoltare Pentru Textile Si Pielarie | Olaru S.,Institutul National Of Cercetare Dezvoltare Pentru Textile Si Pielarie
Industria Textila | Year: 2012

This paper presents the results of anthropometric survey of children and adolescents, aged between 6 years and 19 years, held in Romania. This paper provides a scientific database, required by the elaboration of the anthropometric standard and construction of patterns for clothes. All products used or worn by the population in daily life must be designed taking into account anthropometric characteristics of users for the best fit and function. Results of statistical analysis of anthropometric data in relation to primary age groups and sex, analysis of statural growth in terms of the modifications of certain parts of the body, weight and body mass index evolution are presented as tables and graphs.


Popescu D.I.,Academia de Studii Economice | Popa I.,Academia de Studii Economice | Cicea C.,Academia de Studii Economice | Iordanescu M.,Institutul National Of Cercetare Dezvoltare Pentru Textile Si Pielarie
Industria Textila | Year: 2013

The present research aims to offer a general presentation of the sales promotion concept, its complexity and importance. In addition, the article presents the objectives of sales promotion, promotional techniques, advertising as a form of communication and sales promotion. The article analyses the expansion potential of using sales promotional techniques through a study that highlights sales promotion techniques used primarily by firms operating in the garment industry in Romania, in the context of the global economic crisis. The paper underlines the need for knowledge and awareness of the advantages of using and expanding sales promotion techniques.


Mocioiu A.-M.,Institutul National Of Cercetare Dezvoltare Pentru Textile Si Pielarie | Dumitrescu I.,Institutul National Of Cercetare Dezvoltare Pentru Textile Si Pielarie | Cincu C.,Polytechnic University of Bucharest
Industria Textila | Year: 2013

In this paper we aimed to obtain textiles with electrically conductive properties improved by coating polyamide and cotton fabrics with doped polyaniline. Polymerization of aniline was performed in situ and by direct doping with DBSA and DBSNa. In this paper we aimed to influence the use of acid (DBSA) or salt (DBSNa) on conductive characteristics of the samples obtained. The fabrics performances were tested by surface electrical resistivity, while the structure and morphology were determined by FT-IR spectroscopy with ATR device and Scanning Electron Microscopy. The morphology of coated materials were strongly dependent of dopant (salt or acid) resulting grains size of 10 times bigger in case of acid dopant. Other tests also evidenced the differences between composite materials. Even if in the literature the acid was mostly used, in this study the composite materials with sodium salt as dopant were more conductive.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: NMP-2008-1.2-1 | Award Amount: 12.04M | Year: 2009

Hospital-acquired (nosocomial) infections are a major financial issue in the European healthcare system. The financial impact of these infections counteract medical advances and expensive medical treatments by increasing the length of hospital stay by at least 8 days on average per affected patient, hence adding more than 10 millions patient days in hospitals in Europe per year. The statistics on patient safety in the EU show alarming tendencies : - 1 in 10 patients are affected by hospital-acquired infections - 3 million deaths are caused by hospital-acquired infections An active infection control program of patients and personnel and hygiene measures, have proven to significantly reduce both the number of infections and hospitalisation costs . The SONO project directly addresses the above problems by developing a pilot line for the production of medical antibacterial textiles. The pilot line will be based on the scale-up of a sonochemical process developed and patented at BIU laboratories. The pilot line will use a sonochemical technique to produce and deposit inorganic, antimicrobial nanoparticles on medical textiles, e.g. hospital sheets, medical coats and bandages. Sonicators are used industrially for heavy and light duty cleaning, for water disinfection and for sewage treatment. It is also used in the food industry for emulsification and drying. The proposed concept based on one step sonochemical process to produce nanoparticles and impregnate them as antibacterial factors on textile is novel and does not exist on an industrial scale. The concept has already been proven (and patented ) on a lab scale where sonochemistry was applied to impregnate nanoparticles in a single-step process. It was demonstrated that due to the special properties of the sonochemical method the antibacterial nanoparticles are adsorbed permanently on the fibres even after 70 laundry cycles. The sonochemical impregnation process is a one-step procedure in which the nanopa


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: NMP-2007-4.0-2 | Award Amount: 3.88M | Year: 2009

The objective of the project is to develop novel temperature regulating fibres and innovative textile products for thermal management, selected by the SME segment of the textile industry in Europe. The temperature regulating effect is achieved by novel methods of incorporating large amounts of phase changing materials (PCM) in textile fibres. When the body temperature increases, the PCM melts and absorbs the heat from the body in the form of latent heat. Then, when the temperature drops, the PCM crystallizes and the stored heat is released again. Clothes with built-in thermo-regulating properties provide maintained thermal comfort in difficult thermal environment and physical activity situations, without putting on or taking off clothes. Such smart clothing would reduce discomfort caused by accumulation of sweat/moisture in the clothing, and also shivering during varying activity levels and ambient conditions. The innovative concepts to be developed will outperform presently available materials for thermal management in garments. The concept is based on two main ideas. One idea is based on processing concepts that rely on compounding/mixing steps to provide suitable rheological properties of complex mixtures of polymers and PCMs followed by bi-component melt spinning to fibres with a core/sheath structure confining the PCM to the core. New bio-based (PLA) and conventional synthetic polymers for fibres (PP, PET, PA) are here addressed. The second idea is based on a new concept for incorporating PCMs in wet spun cellulose fibres based on direct addition of free PCM to a cellulose solution. A large and intense part of the project will be devoted to product related research, lead by the SMEs in the project. In particular, specific, value-added products are targeted within underwear, sports, leisure and home textiles. The work will aid in the transformation of the European textile and clothing industry from commodities into specific, value-added high-tech products.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: SME-2013-3 | Award Amount: 813.84K | Year: 2013

Currently, sole manufacturers design their models to be anti-slip using basic design criteria, often relying on their intuition and previous experience. The problem resides in the lack of design tools that can be used in the conception of footwear, which will make prototyping much cheaper, quicker and more effective in creating an answer to the friction that the shoe will be subjected to when used. Because of this situation, ULTRAGRIP project (FP7-SME-2010-1.262413) has developed guidelines and specific software which can be used as design tools for soles and floorings to optimise their performance in relation to slipping. Two of the main results from ULTRAGRIP project are a slip behaviour predicting software (mathematical model), and guidelines for recommendations on improving products slip resistance. ULTRAGRIP Consortium has the need to carry out demonstration activities in order to ensure that the ULTRAGRIP tools are ready and suitable for exploitation and commercialisation. As a consequence of this situation, the objective of this DEMOULTRAGRIP project is to bridge the gap between the precompetitive tools of ULTRAGRIP and a new version of these tools which can be commercialised. According to this objective, new commercial tools will be put into market. With DEMO-ULTRAGRIP project the footwear SMEs involved will obtain a competitive advantage based on the use of the new design tools to develop high slip resistance products, accelerating the designing-prototyping operation, reducing prototyping and production costs, improving the antislip product properties, and reducing time-to-market. All these aspects will imply the increase of market share and the increase of designers qualification

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