APOE -219G/T polymorphism related to serum lipid levels in atherosclerotic patients from Argentina [Polimorfismo -219 G/T en el gen APOE en relación con los niveles de colesterol y la enfermedad aterosclerótica en Argentina]
Banares V.,Institutos Of Salud Dr Carlos Malbran |
Banares V.,National University of La Plata |
Wyszynski D.,Boston University |
Schreier L.,University of Buenos Aires |
And 2 more authors.
Investigacion Clinica | Year: 2010
APOE ε4 allele is associated with increased risk for Coronary Artery Disease and higher concentrations of total-cholesterol and low-density- lipoprotein-cholesterol; however, some studies could not reproduce these results. This fact suggests that other genetic or environmental factors are acting on these associations. Quantitative variations of gene expression, conferred by polymorphisms in the promoter area, as -219G/T, could play also a role as a risk factor for CAD. Since, in a previous study, we found an association between the APOE ε4 allele and atherosclerotic lesions in males of our population, we investigated now whether the APOE promoter polymorphism -219 G/T is also associated with the presence of atherosclerotic lesions and plasma lipid levels. Genotypes were obtained from 380 DNA samples from patients undergoing an angiography study. Logistic regression analysis showed no significant associations between T allele, or G allele, and the presence of atherosclerotic lesions. Lineal regression analysis showed association between G allele and higher TC (p=0.002) and LDL-c (p=0.022) levels. After stratified by sex: TC (p=0.001) and LDL-c (p=0.020) for males, females showed no significant differences. For cases and controls groups, the allele G has still been associated with higher levels of TC (p=0.007, p= 0.048 respectively). No associations for T allele were observed. We conclude that G allele of polymorphism -219 on the promoter of APOE gene is associated with higher TC and LDL-c levels in males, but this polymorphism is not acting as a risk factor of CAD in our population.