Gonzalez-Morales M.G.,University of Guelph |
Peiro J.M.,University of Valencia |
Peiro J.M.,Instituto Valenciano Of Investigaciones Economicas Ivie |
Rodriguez I.,University of Valencia |
Bliese P.D.,Independent Contributor
Anxiety, Stress and Coping | Year: 2012
Building up on the socially induced model of burnout and the job demands-resources model, we examine how burnout can transfer without direct contagion or close contact among employees. Based on the social information processing approach and the conservation of resources theory, we propose that perceived collective burnout emerges as an organizational-level construct (employees' shared perceptions about how burned out are their colleagues) and that it predicts individual burnout over and above indicators of demands and resources. Data were gathered during the first term and again during the last term of the academic year among 555 teachers from 100 schools. The core dimensions of burnout, exhaustion, and cynicism were measured at the individual and collective level. Random coefficient models were computed in a lagged effects design. Results showed that perceived collective burnout at Time 1 was a significant predictor of burnout at Time 2 after considering previous levels of burnout, demands (workload, teacher-student ratio, and absenteeism rates), and resources (quality of school facilities). These findings suggest that perceived collective burnout is an important characteristic of the work environment that can be a significant factor in the development of burnout. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Gomez-Limon J.A.,University of Cordoba, Spain |
Picazo-Tadeo A.J.,University of Valencia |
Reig-Martinez E.,University of Valencia |
Reig-Martinez E.,Instituto Valenciano Of Investigaciones Economicas Ivie
Land Use Policy | Year: 2012
Olive farming represents an important source of income and employment in the rural areas of Andalusia (Spain), which is the most important olive oil-producing region in the world. Unfortunately, it also exerts significant environmental pressures with regard to soil erosion, use of polluting inputs, excessive water consumption and biodiversity reduction. This paper uses Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) techniques and pressure distance functions to contribute a farm-level assessment of the eco-efficiency of a sample of 292 Andalusian olive farmers. We distinguish between managerial eco-efficiency and program eco-efficiency, the latter being associated to the different natural conditions prevailing in the three main olive cultivation systems in the region, namely, traditional rain-fed mountain groves, traditional rain-fed plain groves and irrigated intensive groves. Our findings show that eco-inefficient management is a widespread practice across olive farmers, mainly due to widespread technical inefficiency. Furthermore, the most eco-efficient production system is the traditional plain growing system. Finally, we find that soil-climate conditions strongly influence managerial eco-efficiency in all three aforementioned cultivation systems. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
Balaguer-Coll M.T.,Jaume I University |
Prior D.,Autonomous University of Barcelona |
Tortosa-Ausina E.,Jaume I University |
Tortosa-Ausina E.,Instituto Valenciano Of Investigaciones Economicas Ivie
Annals of Regional Science | Year: 2010
This study analyzes the links between efficiency and the decentralization of power in Spanish local governments for the years 1995 and 2000. To this end, we carried out a two-stage activity analysis in which the performance of each municipality was first evaluated against other municipalities with a similar level of power and, in a second stage, compared with that of other municipalities for which decentralization remained at a more preliminary stage. Results suggest that some municipalities could manage their resources more efficiently if they were granted more power. Although these sort of decentralized economies do not emerge for all municipalities, their magnitude clearly overshadows the diseconomies found if downscaling of decision making goes too far and least decentralized municipalities dominate. In addition, the likely efficiency gains from enhanced decentralization increase over time. © 2009 Springer-Verlag.
A comparative analysis of the sustainability of rice cultivation technologies using the analytic network process [Análisis comparativo de la sostenibilidad de tecnologías de cultivo del arroz mediante el método ANP (analytic network process)]
Reig E.,University of Valencia |
Reig E.,Instituto Valenciano Of Investigaciones Economicas Ivie |
Aznar J.,Polytechnic University of Valencia |
Estruch V.,Polytechnic University of Valencia
Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research | Year: 2010
Sustainability of local farming systems and technologies is a very important issue that faces notorious measurement difficulties. Multi-criteria methods may help researchers to solve empirical problems in the construction of composite sustainability indicators and in ranking agricultural technologies according to their sustainability. This paper shows how a multi-criteria decision-making technique, the Analytic Network Process (ANP), can be fruitfully employed to this end. Contrary to simpler and hierarchical goal-criteria-alternative approaches, in ANP all the elements in the network can be related in any possible way, which means that a network can incorporate feedback and interdependent relationships within and between clusters. We illustrate the use of ANP by ranking three rice cultivation technologies -that we call unrestricted traditional, agro-environmental and ecological- in the rice fields of the Albufera Natural Park in Valencia (Spain), using economic, environmental and socio-cultural sustainability criteria. Rice is a multifunctional crop in this area, as flooded rice fields act as semi-natural wetlands, with important ecological consequences, mainly connected with the protection of biodiversity. We show that the ANP methodology is perfectly suited to tackling the complex interrelations involved in sustainability evaluation in this case. We find the ecological cultivation system to be the most sustainable technology. The agro-environmental system ranks second, while the unrestricted system is ranked third. Our results also show that if only the economic dimension of sustainability were considered, the order would be reversed, with traditional unrestricted and ecological technologies exchanging places and the agro-environmental system remaining in second place.
Pastor J.M.,University of Valencia |
Pastor J.M.,Instituto Valenciano Of Investigaciones Economicas Ivie |
Peraita C.,University of Valencia
Regional Studies | Year: 2015
Pastor J. M. and Peraita C. The tax returns of public spending on universities: an estimate with Monte Carlo simulations, Regional Studies. This paper proposes a methodology based on counterfactual scenarios and the existence of uncertainty to estimate the tax returns of public spending of regional governments on their public universities. The introduction of differences in the time spent by the students at university and the proportion of the total public expenditure implies making assumptions about uncertainty. The paper applies Monte Carlo simulations incorporating stochastic elements to estimate the tax returns of public spending in the University of the Basque Country (Spain). The results indicate that public expenditure in university education is a profitable investment from a fiscal perspective. © 2015 Regional Studies Association