Neto V.F.,University of Aveiro |
Lencart J.,Instituto Portugues Of Oncologia Do Porto Francisco Gentil |
Lencart J.,Do Instituto Portugues Of Oncologia Do Porto Francisco Gentil |
Dias A.G.,Instituto Portugues Of Oncologia Do Porto Francisco Gentil |
And 5 more authors.
Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology | Year: 2012
For a number of biomedical applications, including the development of phantoms for quality control of radiotherapy treatments and dose determination, it is important to study the radiation response of the used materials, in order to distinguish the relevant dose distribution modifications from the artifacts caused by the phantom material when subjected to high dose irradiation. Beside the radiation response, those materials should have certain physical and chemical properties in order to be able to be used for the purposes described above, i.e., mechanical hardness and inelasticity, chemically stability and nonreactive, among others. In this work, a wide range of polymeric materials were irradiated under megavoltage radiation using a radiotherapy linear accelerator. The irradiated materials were imaged using transmission X-ray tomography to determine if some radiation induced electronic density change could result in altered Hounsfield units. Furthermore, Raman Spectroscopy and X-ray Diffraction (XRD) techniques were used before and after irradiation in order to study any structural modification induced by the radiation. In addition, a special phantom simulating a breast treatment with two tangential beams has been fabricated and tested. Copyright © 2012 American Scientific Publishers.