Castaneda A.,CSIC - National Center for Metallurgical Research |
Howland J.J.,Instituto Polytechnic |
Corvo F.,Autonomous University of Campeche |
Perez T.,Autonomous University of Campeche
Quimica Nova | Year: 2013
The influence of chloride deposition rate on concrete using an atmospheric corrosion approach is rarely studied in the literature. Seven exposure sites were selected in Havana City, Cuba, for exposure of reinforced concrete samples. Two significantly different atmospheric corrosivity levels with respect to corrosion of steel reinforced concrete were observed after two years of exposure depending on atmospheric chloride deposition and w/c ratio of the concrete. Changes in corrosion current are related to changes in chloride penetration and chloride atmospheric deposition. The influence of sulphur compound deposition could also be a parameter to consider in atmospheric corrosion of steel reinforced concrete.
Braga R.A.,Fiat Automoveis S.A. |
Magalhaes P.A.A.,Instituto Polytechnic
Materials Science and Engineering C | Year: 2015
Abstract This work describes the study to investigate and compare the mechanical and thermal properties of raw jute and glass fiber reinforced epoxy hybrid composites. To improve the mechanical properties, jute fiber was hybridized with glass fiber. Epoxy resin, jute and glass fibers were laminated in three weight ratios (69/31/0, 68/25/7 and 64/18/19) respectively to form composites. The tensile, flexural, impact, density, thermal and water absorption tests were carried out using hybrid composite samples. This study shows that the addition of jute fiber and glass fiber in epoxy, increases the density, the impact energy, the tensile strength and the flexural strength, but decreases the loss mass in function of temperature and the water absorption. Morphological analysis was carried out to observe fracture behavior and fiber pull-out of the samples using scanning electron microscope. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.
Henderson N.,Instituto Polytechnic |
Brettas J.C.,Instituto Polytechnic |
Sacco W.F.,Federal University of Para
Chemical Engineering Science | Year: 2010
The Kozeny-Carman equation is a traditional permeability-porosity relationship which has been used in many models of real problems related to flows in porous media. In spite of this, some limitations of this well-known equation has motivated the conception of different versions, specialized for particular applications. In the present article, we deduce a three-parameter Kozeny-Carman equation obtained from a fractal structure involving the specific surface and the tortuosity of the porous medium. Here, a theoretical analysis indicates that the new equation is capable to generalize several models existent in the literature. Besides, parameter estimations fitting experimental data of different materials show that the present model can be used to describe the relationship between permeability and porosity of many materials, such as sandstones, sisal fiber mat and glass fiber fabrics. Crown Copyright © 2010.