Instituto Oceanografico

São Paulo, Brazil

Instituto Oceanografico

São Paulo, Brazil
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Dos Anjos Zerfass G.De.S.,Petrobras | Chemale Jr. F.,University of Brasilia | Moura C.A.V.,Federal University of Pará | Costa K.B.,Instituto Oceanografico
Brazilian Journal of Geology | Year: 2014

Strontium isotope data were obtained from foraminifera shells of the Pelotas Basin Tertiary deposits to facilitate the refinement of the chronostratigraphic framework of this section. This represents the first approach to the acquisition of numerical ages for these strata. Strontium isotope stratigraphy allowed the identification of eight depositional hiatuses in the Eocene-Pliocene section, here classified as disconformities and a condensed section. The reconnaissance of depositional gaps based on confident age assignments represents an important advance considering the remarkably low chronostratigraphic resolution in the Cenozoic section of the Pelotas Basin. The recognition of hiatuses that match hiatuses is based on biostratigraphic data, as well as on global events. Furthermore, a substantial increase in the sedimentation rate of the upper Miocene section was identified. Paleotemperature and productivity trends were identified based on oxygen and carbon isotope data from the Oligocene-Miocene section, which are coherent with worldwide events, indicating the environmental conditions during sedimentation.

Fisner M.,Instituto Oceanografico | Majer A.,Instituto Oceanografico | Taniguchi S.,Instituto Oceanografico | Bicego M.,Instituto Oceanografico | And 2 more authors.
Marine Pollution Bulletin | Year: 2017

This study assessed the concentration and composition of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in plastic pellets, collected from sandy beaches and considered different resin and colour tones. Results showed that polyethylene pellets, while displaying a greater range of total PAH concentrations did not differ significantly from polypropylene pellets. More importantly, both resin types demonstrated predictable increases in total PAH across a spectrum of darkening colour tones. Multivariate comparisons of 36 PAH groups, further showed considerable variability across resin type and colour, with lighter coloured pellets comprising lower molecular weight, while darker pellets contained higher weight PAHs. Overall, we show predictable variation in PAH concentrations and compositions of plastic pellets of different ages and resin types that will directly influence the potential for toxicological effects. Our findings suggest that monitoring programs should take these attributes into account when assessing the environmental risks of microplastic contamination of marine and coastal habitats. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd.

Duarte L.F.d.A.,Institute Pesca | Severino-Rodrigues E.,Institute Pesca APTA SAA SP | Gasalla M.A.,Instituto Oceanografico
Fisheries Research | Year: 2010

In southeastern Brazil, slipper lobsters (Scyllarides deceptor and S. brasiliensis) are caught by fleets trawling for pink shrimp (Farfantepenaeus brasiliensis and F. paulensis) and pots-and-traps fishing for octopuses (Octopus vulgaris). Eight hundred fifty-six landings of shrimp trawlers and 28 of the octopus fleet were monitored in the Santos region from May 2006 to April 2007. Additional analysis was performed using a database covering the period from 1999 onwards. This study seeks to identify the recent patterns of exploitation of these lobsters with the goal of improving the way towards fishery sustainability. Scyllarides deceptor was the dominant lobster species with 1032 specimens collected, while only three specimens of S. brasiliensis were identified. The area known as the 'Farol do Boi' (23°01′S, 45°00′W to 25°00′S, 45°40′W at 60-135 m deep) showed the highest Catch Per Unit Effort (CPUE). A General Linearized Model (GLM) was used to investigate the factors influencing variations in CPUE in trawl fleets and led to the conclusion that year, month and depth were the most important factors. We detected a significant decrease in the relative abundance of lobsters in the fishing zone despite relatively low fishing effort. Recommendations to protect the lobster resources include taking special precautions in the natural refuge area of the 'Farol do Boi', as an exclusion zone for trawl fleets, and controlling the use of traps longlines to catch octopuses. Concerns about depensatory processes due to the over-exploitation of lobster populations around the world are raised. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Postuma F.A.,Instituto Oceanografico | Postuma F.A.,Institute Pesca | Gasalla M.A.,Instituto Oceanografico
ICES Journal of Marine Science | Year: 2010

The squid Loligo plei concentrates in the southeastern Brazil Bight, where it has traditionally supported small-scale fisheries around São Sebastião Island (SSI). Sea surface temperature (SST), chlorophyll-a (Chl a), windspeed, wave height, rainfall, and lunar phase are related to fishing records and to the results of a survey of local fishers to investigate how they believe environmental variables might affect catches of L. plei. Daily fishery-dependent data over the years 2005-2009 were obtained from a fishing cooperative and were matched with satellite and meteorological forecast data. Generalized linear models were used to explore the significance of environmental variables in relation to variability in catch and catch per unit effort (cpue). Squid are fished with jigs in water shallower than 20 m, generally where SST is warmer and Chl a and windspeed are lower. Cpue and monthly catches decreased from 2005 to 2008, followed by a slight increase in 2009. The correlations between fishery and environmental data relate well to fishers' oceanological knowledge, underscoring the potential of incorporating such knowledge into evaluations of the fishery. © 2010 International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. Published by Oxford Journals. All rights reserved.

Sousa S.H.M.,Instituto Oceanografico | de Godoi S.S.,Instituto Oceanografico | Amaral P.G.C.,Instituto Oceanografico | Vicente T.M.,Instituto Oceanografico | And 6 more authors.
Continental Shelf Research | Year: 2014

The vertical distribution (0 to 100m) of planktonic foraminifera was investigated based on 40 tow samples that were collected in eight stations, during the austral summer of 2002, in a geographically restricted area (23°S-25°S and 40°W-44°W) on the southeastern Brazilian continental margin. Species' abundances are low (less than 10 specimens/m3), which is typical of an oligotrophic area. The foraminifera assemblage is mainly composed of warm water species (Globigerinoides ruber white and pink forms), with a predominance of spinose and symbiont-bearing species. Temperature and inorganic nutrient enrichment of the surface are the main factors that control foraminiferal abundance and diversity; nevertheless salinity can also influence the ecological descriptors. The role of the deep chlorophyll maximum (DCM) in the distribution of foraminifera is not always clear, but the increase in the abundance of G. ruber (white and pink) seems to be related to a deeper DCM, and high salinities (S>36.5). The ecological habitat of these species is affected by the depth of the mixed layer, with a predominance of the white form in deeper layers. Increases in the foraminiferal diversity are related to the dynamics of the Brazil Current system, which displaces the area of high productivity in the euphotic zone off the coast. The abundances of Globigerina bulloides, Globigerina falconensis, Globigerinella calida and Globigerinella siphonifera follow the nutrient enrichment of the surface water mass, corroborating the usefulness of these species as paleoproductivity proxies in the study area. These data confirm the use of diversity measurements and assemblages composition for reconstructing past water column structures in subtropical oceans. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

This study aimed to contextualize the world's lobster fishing and identify the characteristics of their trades in Santos region (SP). For this purpose, were realized surveys about the captures of 56 years referring the families traded in the world through the informations supplied by the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). To State of São Paulo, consults were made in the data base Propesq (Fishing Institute) about the fishing and prices. Besides interviews in fishmonger, businessmen of fishing and restaurant, we observed the trade and the economical potential compared the lobsters Scyllarides spp. and Panulirus spp. The worldwide the family Nephropidae is the one that has been presenting bigger growth in the captures from 1950 and the one that has the biggest observed captures, the Palinuridae showed a little growth of the captures up to the 80' years, and leaving from there it is oscillating without many expressive changes; Scyllarides began to stand out as fisheries only 70' in Asia, precisely where the other two Families had low catches proportional. In the State of São Paulo, two types of lobsters are sold in Baixada Santista, with conspicuous differences in prices between them. There is also a difference in the flow of trade in relation to active fishing gear. Traders notice a decrease in both abundance and size of individuals of both genders and a clear preference to sell the slippers lobsters (Scyllarides spp.) both for the quality of meat as the lowest price.

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