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Opitz I.,University of Zurich | Bueno R.,Brigham and Womens Hospital | Lim E.,Imperial College London | Pass H.,NYU Langone Medical Center | And 3 more authors.
European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery | Year: 2014

Today, molecular-profile-directed therapy is a guiding principle of modern thoracic oncology. The knowledge of new biomolecular technology applied to the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of lung cancer and mesothelioma should be part of the 21st century thoracic surgeons' professional competence. The European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) Biology Club aims at providing a comprehensive insight into the basic biology of the diseases we are treating. During the 2013 ESTS Annual Meeting, different experts of the field presented the current knowledge about diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in malignant pleural mesothelioma including new perspectives as well as the role and potential application of microRNA and genomic sequencing for lung cancer, which are summarized in the present article. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. Source

Laroche-Clary A.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Laroche-Clary A.,Institute Bergonie | Chaire V.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Chaire V.,Institute Bergonie | And 10 more authors.
British Journal of Cancer | Year: 2015

Background:This study aimed to determine whether the BRCA1 haplotype was associated with trabectedin efficacy in soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) patients.Methods:We analysed BRCA1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in tumour specimens from 135 advanced STS patients enrolled in published phase 2 trials or in a compassionate-use programme of trabectedin. Forty-four advanced STS patients treated with doxorubicin and 85 patients with localised STS served as controls. The 6-month nonprogression rate and overall survival (OS) were analysed according to BRCA1 haplotype using log-rank tests.Results:A favourable BRCA1 haplotype (presence of at least one AAAG allele) was significantly associated with an improved 6-month nonprogression rate. It was the only variable significantly associated with OS. No correlations were found between outcomes for patients with localised or advanced STS treated with doxorubicin.Conclusions:The BRCA1 haplotype represents a potential DNA repair biomarker that can be used for the prediction of response to trabectedin in STS patients. © 2015 Cancer Research UK. Source

Massard G.,Hopitaux Universitaires Of Strasbourg | Rocco G.,Instituto Nazionale Tumori | Venuta F.,University of Rome La Sapienza
Journal of Thoracic Disease | Year: 2014

As the largest scientific organisation world-wide exclusively dedicated to general thoracic surgery (GTS), the European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) recognized that one of its priorities is education. The educational platform designed ESTS addresses not only trainees, but also confirmed thoracic surgeons. The two main aims are (I) to prepare trainees to graduation and to the certification by the European Board of Thoracic Surgery and (II) to offer opportunities for continuous medical education in the perspective of life-long learning and continuous professional development to certified thoracic surgeons. It is likely that recertification will become an obligation during the coming decade. At its inception, the platform differentiated two different events. A 6-day course emphasizing on theoretic knowledge was created in Antalya in 2007. The same year, a 2-day school oriented to practical issues with hands-on in the animal lab was launched in Antalya. These two teaching tracks need further development. In the knowledge track, we intend to organize highly specialized 2-day courses to deepen insight into theoretical questions. The skill track will be implemented by specialized courses for high technology such as tracheal surgery, ECMO, robotics or chest wall reconstruction. In order to promote tomorrows' leadership, we created an academic competence track giving an insight into medical communication, methodology and management. We also had to respond to an increasing demand from the Russian speaking countries, where colleagues may face problems to attend western meetings, and where the language bareer may be a major impediment. We initiated a Russian school with three events yearly in 2012. Contemporary teaching must be completed with an e-learning platform, which is currently under development. The school activities are organized by the educational committee, which is headed by the ESTS Director of Education, assisted by coordinators of the teaching tracks and e-learning platform. Ongoing discussions concern development of contemporary teaching techniques and measure of outcome. The major challenge for the coming years is harmonisation of training and certification in thoracic surgery in the European space. © Pioneer Bioscience Publishing Company. Source

Pappo A.S.,St Jude Childrens Research Hospital | Furman W.L.,St Jude Childrens Research Hospital | Schultz K.A.,Childrens Hospital of Minnesota | Ferrari A.,Instituto Nazionale Tumori | Helman L.,U.S. National Cancer Institute
Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2015

Rare pediatric tumors account for approximately 10% of all childhood cancers, which in themselves are a rare entity. The diverse histologies and clinical behaviors of rare pediatric tumors pose challenges to the investigation of their biologic and clinical features. National and international cooperative groups such as the Rare Tumor Committee of the Children's Oncology Group, Rare Tumors in Pediatric Age Project, and European Cooperative Study Group for Pediatric Rare Tumors have developed several initiatives to advance knowledge about rare pediatric cancers. However, these programs have been only partially effective, necessitating the development of alternative mechanisms to study these challenging diseases. In this article, we review the current national and international collaborative strategies to study rare pediatric cancers and alternative methods under exploration to enhance those efforts, such as independent registries and disease-specific, National Cancer Institute-sponsored clinics. © 2015 by American Society of Clinical Oncology. Source

Simbiri K.O.,SUNY Upstate Medical University | Biddle J.,University of California at San Francisco | Kinyera T.,EMBLEM Study | Were P.A.,EMBLEM Study | And 13 more authors.
Infectious Agents and Cancer | Year: 2014

A one-day workshop on Burkitt lymphoma (BL) was held at the 9thAfrican Organization for Research and Training in Cancer (AORTIC) conference in 2013 in Durban, South Africa. The workshop featured 15 plenary talks by delegates representing 13 institutions that either fund or implement research on BL targeting AORTIC delegates primarily interested in pediatric oncology. The main outcomes of the meeting were improved sharing of knowledge and experience about ongoing epidemiologic BL research, BL treatment in different settings, the role of cancer registries in cancer research, and opportunities for African scientists to publish in scientific journals. The idea of forming a consortium of BL to improve coordination, information sharing, accelerate discovery, dissemination, and translation of knowledge and to build capacity, while reducing redundant efforts was discussed. Here, we summarize the presentations and discussions from the workshop. © 2014 Simbiri et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Source

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