Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-SICA | Phase: NMP.2012.2.2-3 | Award Amount: 4.62M | Year: 2013
The overall objective is the development of new coatings for supercritical steam power plants for efficient and clean coal utilization. A significant reduction of emissions is expected by increasing efficiencies to > 50%. Currently, an efficiencies of 45% have been achieved in the last 30 years from subcritical 180 bar/540C to ultra-supercritical 300 bar/600-620C corresponding to a specific reduction of 20% of CO2 emissions. Efficiencies of 50% and more can be achieved by further raising the temperature, but conventional ferritic steels are not sufficiently oxidation resistant, since the temperature designed for operation was 550 C. From the mechanical properties perspective, ferritic steels can be used at temperatures up to 650 C and for higher temperatures austenic steels and Ni base alloys are being considered. One of the main objectives of this project is therefore to develop advanced coatings for steam environments which can resist the chemical attack of steam and fireside corrosion at temperatures higher than 620C employing materials with the required high temperature mechanical properties in particular creep strength. Ferriticmartensitic steels will be considered as substrate materials for up to 650 C whereas, austenitic steels will be explored for higher temperatures. In general higher temperatures mean higher oxidation rates, in particular when the oxidant is water vapour instead of oxygen. The introduction of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) technologies also aiming to reduce emissions in power generation has also increased the interest in developing new material solutions able to reduce the economical and environmental penalty associated to energy production systems when CO2 is generated. For instance oxy-fuel combustion takes place in a N2 free atmosphere so oxygen is burned in near stoichiometric conditions with the fuel (pulverized carbon) producing and exhaust gases mainly composed of CO2 and H2O.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SPA.2013.2.1-02 | Award Amount: 3.25M | Year: 2013
Assessing the habitability of Mars and detecting life, if it was ever there, depends on knowledge of whether the combined environmental stresses experienced on Mars are compatible with life and whether a record of that life could ever be detected. However, our current ability to make these assessments is hampered by a lack of knowledge of how the combined effect of different environmental stresses influence the survival and growth of organisms. In particular, many combinations of stress, such as high radiation conditions combined with high salt and low temperature, relevant for early Mars, have not been investigated. Furthermore, a lack of experimental studies on how anaerobic microorganisms respond to such stresses undermine our knowledge of Mars as a location for life since the planet is essentially anoxic. Even if life can be shown to be potentially supported on Mars, there exist no systematic studies of how organisms would be preserved. MASE proposes to address these limitations in our knowledge and advance our ability to assess the habitability of Mars and detect life. In particular, MASE intends to: - Isolate and characterise anaerobic microorganisms from selected sites that closely match environmental conditions that might have been habitable on early Mars. - Study their responses to realistic combined environmental stresses that might have been experienced in habitable environments on Mars. - Investigate their potential for fossilisation on Mars and their detectability by carrying out a systematic study of the detectability of artificially fossilised organisms exposed to known stresses. Cross cutting aspects of i) optimised methodologies for sample management and experimental process and ii) optimised methodologies for life detection will also be thoroughly considered. MASE will allow us to gain knowledge on Mars habitability and on adaptation of life to extremes, it will also present opportunities to optimise mission operations and life detection.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-FP | Phase: SEC-2011.1.4-2 | Award Amount: 4.84M | Year: 2013
Organized crime does an intensive use of non-cooperative vehicles (cars and motorboats mainly) for a variety of criminal activities, as they are transport of illegal immigrants or smuggling of goods (especially drugs). This generates a very large number of operations carried out by law enforcement agencies in order to intercept these vehicles. During the vehicle interception operations, non cooperative vehicles stop is usually carried out using means which are not always effective, and very often dangerous for the safety and security of vehicle occupants and law agents. The law enforcement agencies in charge of this operations acknowledge that new control and interception means and procedures are needed in order to increase their capabilities to track and intercept the suspicious vehicles, minimizing all kind of risks for vehicle occupants and agents, and using the lowest possible volume of highly trained human resources. The present project aims precisely, at increasing the capability of law enforcement authorities to remotely, safely and externally, control and stop non-cooperative vehicles in both land and sea scenarios, by means of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. For this, the UAV has to be equipped with some onboard system(s) providing the capability to intercept (slow and stop) the vehicles, and this is precisely the concept of the AEROCEPTOR system proposed in this project: AEROCEPTOR will be an unmanned aerial vehicle, supported by a Ground Control Station infrastructure, and equipped onboard with a set of several systems to perform the car/boats interception. AEROCEPTOR aims at offering a cost effective solution taking advantage of already existing systems and Components of the Self. This means that AEROCEPTOR will take advantage of the existing equipments and systems to adapt them to the project if possible. In those cases where the necessary subsystems do not exist or do not meet AEROCEPTOR needs, they will be developed.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-IP | Phase: SST.2012.3.1-4. | Award Amount: 15.65M | Year: 2012
European cities face four main mobility problems: congestion, land use , safety and environment. One of the main causes of such problems is the car-ownership rate. The centres of large cities address this issue combining efficient mass transits with car restriction policies but peripheral areas and smaller cities remain dominated by private cars. CityMobil has demonstrated how automating road vehicles can lead to different transport concepts, from partly automated car-share schemes through CyberCars and PRT, to BRT which can make urban mobility more sustainable. However CityMobil has also highlighted three main barriers to the deployment of automated road vehicles: the implementation framework, the legal framework and the unknown wider economic effect. The CityMobil2 goal is to address these barriers and finally to remove them. To smooth the implementation process CityMobil2 will remove the uncertainties which presently hamper procurement and implementation of automated systems. On one hand CityMobil2 features 12 cities which will revise their mobility plans and adopt wherever they will prove effective automated transport systems. Then CityMobil2 will select the best 5 cases (among the 12 cities) to organise demonstrators. The project will procure two sets of automated vehicles and deliver them to the five most motivated cities for a 6 to 8 months demonstration in each city. To change the legal framework CityMobil2 will establish a workgroup with scientists, system builders, cities, and the national certification authorities. The workgroup will to deliver a proposal for a European Directive to set a common legal framework to certify automated transport systems. Finally an industrial study will assess the industrial potential of automated systems on European economy and any eventual negative effect and make a balance of them.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-TP | Phase: KBBE.2011.1.3-02 | Award Amount: 4.33M | Year: 2012
This proposal addresses the call under KBBE.2011.1.3-02: Development of field test for rapid screening of pathologies as well as simple laboratory test in animals. Sustainable food production capable of feeding a growing global population is a significant challenge that is faced by agricultural industries throughout the world. The demand for safe, efficient and high quality animal protein will rise significantly over the next decade with a concomitant increase in the world population of domesticated livestock. Infectious diseases continue to impact upon the productivity of farm animals and threats of disease incursions are further increased by the globalised trade of animals and animal products. Rapid and reliable diagnostic systems can play an integral role in the detection, monitoring, control and subsequent eradication of animal diseases and pathologies. This proposal will develop and bring to market new tools to achieve effective diagnosis of livestock, companion animal and wildlife diseases. The project RAPIDIA-FIELD will develop multiplex pen-side tests that can be used to support local decision-making by animal health practitioners. These tests will be simple to perform, robust, inexpensive and also provide unambiguous results for easy reporting. This concept also includes work to develop test formats for use in non-specialised front-line laboratories. In addition to the development of the specific tests and assay platforms, the project will also consider how these tests will be used in the field or in local laboratories, and how data generated by the assays will integrate with other new (and existing) systems that contribute to the diagnosis, monitoring, control and subsequent eradication of animal diseases. Aspects of this work will include real-time monitoring on line of animal health on farms to collect parameters such as feed consumption and water intake as well as using thermography or thermal chip to look for early signs of clinical disease. Together with the data generated by the assays, reporting protocols will also be established to ensure that the critical information collected is correctly archived and is traceable to international quality standards. The project will also pay some attention to new technologies and protocols only carried out in sophisticated laboratories. The idea of this work is to position animal health in a new frontier of science that will maximise our chance to identify new diseases and problems before they become overt health threats. Concluding, the proposed strategy is devoted to define, develop and bring to the society products and services that contribute to Animal Health control at field level.