Instituto Nacional Of Saude Da Mulher

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Instituto Nacional Of Saude Da Mulher

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
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Fontanella B.J.B.,Federal University of São Carlos | Gomes R.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Da Mulher
Ciencia e Saude Coletiva | Year: 2015

To acquire in-depth understanding of meanings attributed by young men to sexual health care, the similarities and asymmetries present in a corpus of 60 reports of men from two different generations were analyzed regarding this type of care. A process of in-depth hermeneutics was undertaken under the theoretical sociological perspectives of sexual scripts, male habitus and generation. Fifteen analytical categories were grouped together into the three dimensions of sexual scripts (intra-psychic, interpersonal and cultural). Some findings indicate the presence of provisions which were not enduring and have not been transposed to the next generation. However, striking cultural similarities or habitus around male sexuality were also found in the two different socio-historical contexts, allowing for an interpretation on the as yet inconstant use of condoms among the young. © 2015 Associacao Brasileira de Pos - Graduacao em Saude Coletiva. All rights reserved.

Domingues R.M.S.M.,Institute Pesquisa Clinica Evandro Chagas | Dias M.A.B.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Da Mulher | Nakamura-Pereira M.,Escola Nacional de Saude Publica Sergio Arouca | Torres J.A.,Agencia Nacional de Saude Suplementar | And 4 more authors.
Cadernos de Saude Publica | Year: 2014

The purpose of this article is to describe the factors cited for the preference for type of birth in early pregnancy and reconstruct the decision process by type of birth in Brazil. Data from a national hospital-based cohort with 23,940 postpartum women, held in 2011-2012, were analyzed according to source of funding for birth and parity, using the χ2 test. The initial preference for cesarean delivery was 27.6%, ranging from 15.4% (primiparous public sector) to 73.2% (multiparous women with previous cesarean private sector). The main reason for the choice of vaginal delivery was the best recovery of this type of birth (68.5%) and for the choice of cesarean, the fear of pain (46.6%). Positive experience with vaginal delivery (28.7%), cesarean delivery (24.5%) and perform female sterilization (32.3%) were cited by multiparous. Women from private sector presented 87.5% caesarean, with increased decision for cesarean birth in end of gestation, independent of diagnosis of complications. In both sectors, the proportion of caesarean section was much higher than desired by women.

Silva A.B.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Da Mulher | de Moraes I.H.S.,Escola Nacional de Saude Publica Sergio Arouca
Revista de Saude Publica | Year: 2014

Objective: To review the conceptual relationship between telehealth and translational research. Methods: Bibliographical search on telehealth was conducted in the Scopus, Cochrane BVS, LILACS and MEDLINE databases to find experiences of telehealth in conjunction with discussion of translational research in health. The search retrieved eight studies based on analysis of models of the five stages of translational research and the multiple strands of public health policy in the context of telehealth in Brazil. The models were applied to telehealth activities concerning the Network of Human Milk Banks, in the Telemedicine University Network. Results: The translational research cycle of human milk collected, stored and distributed presents several integrated telehealth initiatives, such as video conferencing, and software and portals for synthesizing knowledge, composing elements of an information ecosystem, mediated by information and communication technologies in the health system. Conclusions: Telehealth should be composed of a set of activities in a computer mediated network promoting the translation of knowledge between research and health services.

dos Santos R.A.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Da Mulher | Moreira M.C.N.,IFF
Ciencia e Saude Coletiva | Year: 2014

The purpose of this article is to analyze the resilience of the nursing staff in providing care for children and adolescents with chronic diseases, including coping with their deaths. The participants of this qualitative research were nursing professionals working in the pediatric ward of a hospital in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The data collection was obtained by applying the resilience scale, by returning the scales in groups, and by semi-structured interviews. The relationship between professional resilience and coping with the process of children and adolescent’s deaths stood out in the analysis based on data obtained from group and individual interviews. The care given to children and adolescents with life-limiting illnesses triggers resilience-related answers concerning alternatives that oscillate between individual reactions (religious and psychological support), and the search for an incipient collective support based on personal relationships. This study points out that this subject must be strategically handled to train this professional, who must 1 be able to rely on support from the collective environment, presumed within the professional health care training and in the management of humanization at the hospital. © 2014, Associacao Brasileira de Pos - Graduacao em Saude Coletiva. All rights reserved.

Vieira D.K.R.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Da Mulher | Attianezi M.,State University of Rio de Janeiro | Horovitz D.D.,IFF Fiocruz | Llerena Jr. J.C.,IFF Fiocruz
Physis | Year: 2013

We conducted a descriptive study on the experience of implementation of actions in the area of genetics in a medium-sized municipality, combining the analysis of official documents and a questionnaire administered to 43 university level professionals of the Family Health Strategy. The data were analyzed looking for answers about how and why certain health care strategies in the area of clinical and community genetics were performed. Such actions were classified as "continuing education", "health surveillance" and "enhanced access to care". The results showed that it is still necessary to extend the actions of continuing education in genetics for primary care professionals, promoting this gateway to the SUS also to the area of genetics, in order to allow full access to comprehensive health care.

Gaudenzi P.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Da Mulher | Ortega F.,State University of Rio de Janeiro
Ciencia e Saude Coletiva | Year: 2016

This is a conceptual theoretical study to reflect upon disability and some basic concepts that are involved in its profiling. The scope of the article is to broaden the outlook upon disability removing it from a description that reduces it to an ailment. For this purpose,we situated the Disability Studies historically presenting the Medical and Social Models of Disability and problematized the concepts of autonomy and normality. These concepts and their correlated aspects – independence,functionality and the norm – are used as a tacit touchstone to differentiate some bodily variations that are identified as different lifestyles from others that are often called disabilities. We conclude by stating that disability can be analyzed based on other interpretations that do not construe it as a synonym for ailment if we consider the notions of interdependence,normativity and creation of the self in the world as basic concepts to describe it. © 2016,Associacao Brasileira de Pos - Graduacao em Saude Coletiva. All rights reserved.

Masid-De-Brito D.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Queto T.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Da Mulher | Gaspar-Elsas M.I.C.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Da Mulher | Xavier-Elsas P.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Mediators of Inflammation | Year: 2014

Diethylcarbamazine (DEC), which blocks leukotriene production, abolishes the challenge-induced increase in eosinopoiesis in bone-marrow from ovalbumin- (OVA-) sensitized mice, suggesting that 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) products contribute to the hematological responses in experimental asthma models. We explored the relationship between 5-LO, central and peripheral eosinophilia, and effectiveness of DEC, using PAS or BALB/c mice and 5-LO-deficient mutants. We quantified eosinophil numbers in freshly harvested or cultured bone-marrow, peritoneal lavage fluid, and spleen, with or without administration of leukotriene generation inhibitors (DEC and MK886) and cisteinyl-leukotriene type I receptor antagonist (montelukast). The increase in eosinophil numbers in bone-marrow, observed in sensitized/challenged wild-type mice, was abolished by MK886 and DEC pretreatment. In ALOX mutants, by contrast, there was no increase in bone-marrow eosinophil counts, nor in eosinophil production in culture, in response to sensitization/challenge. In sensitized/challenged ALOX mice, challenge-induced migration of eosinophils to the peritoneal cavity was significantly reduced relative to the wild-type PAS controls. DEC was ineffective in ALOX mice, as expected from a mechanism of action dependent on 5-LO. In BALB/c mice, challenge significantly increased spleen eosinophil numbers and DEC treatment prevented this increase. Overall, 5-LO appears as indispensable to the systemic hematological response to allergen challenge, as well as to the effectiveness of DEC. © 2014 Daniela Masid-de-Brito et al.

This paper analyzes the proposal of the Brazilian Comprehensive Health Care Policy for Adolescents and Young People - PNAISAJ, and the Brazilian Comprehensive Health Care Policy for Men - PNAISH, as policies that introduce a new way to address comprehensive health care for these population groups. From official documents, the debates among both policies were analyzed to identify: 1) how the relational perspective of gender and masculinity were considered in each policy; and 2) other key transversal concepts to the policies studied. While the category of life cycle marks the PNAISAJ proposal, the gender issue is paramount in the PNAISH proposal. We conclude that political texts express the interests and understanding of the field of knowledge of protagonists from each of the segments analyzed, constituting cultural policies with the power to establish some meanings for attention and care of health in different population groups.

The last three decades have been fertile for the establishment of public policies geared to comprehensive health care for various population groups in Brazil. The scope of this article is to present the partial results of the analysis of the narratives of actors who participated in the creation of the Comprehensive Health Care policy for Adolescents and Youths - PNAISAJ in Brazil, in order to explore the lack of consensus in this process. The analysis was based on the narratives of eight actors who participated in the process and sought to identify the thematic units that express the lack of consensus by a comprehensive analysis based on Bourdieu's sociological perspective. We conclude that the non-legitimation of a national policy for this population group manifests the non-recognition of adolescents and youths as autonomous subjects and protagonists on policy decisions that affect them. Although youth participation in political texts is stated as a new paradigm for comprehensive health care promotion for adolescents and young people, we conclude that what prevails culturally is the legitimation of other significances. These are significances according to the broader interests and understanding of adolescence and youth at social levels, interpreted as cultural policies.

Xavier R.B.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Da Mulher | Jannotti C.B.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Da Mulher | da Silva K.S.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Da Mulher | Martins A.C.,Instituto Nacional Of Saude Da Mulher
Ciencia e Saude Coletiva | Year: 2013

Faced with the challenge of tackling maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, the discussion of reproductive risk and its association with health vulnerability situations is relevant to public health. The research carried out at Instituto Fernandes Figueira/Fiocruz sought to describe the reproductive risk profile of women admitted to prenatal care between 2006 and 2008 and investigating its relation to family income and health vulnerability situations. This is a crosssectional study which used the prenatal care database as its source. The economic profile of the group under scrutiny is a low income group. An association between low income and fetal malformations, pregnancy before 15 years of age, and HIV was detected. A higher family income was associated with the mother's age over 35 years, abnormal nuchal translucency, gynecopathies, and habitual abortion. The findings may reflect vulnerability situations of low income women, such as unfavorable health conditions and limited access to and use of health services. It is necessary to acquire in-depth knowledge of the reproductive risk profile in Brazil and its distribution according to socio-demographic characteristics, seeking to enhance health care practices provided.

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