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Ruiz-Suarez M.,Instituto Nacional Of Rehabilitacion | Aziz-Jacobo J.,Plano Orthopedic Sports Medicine and Spine Center | Barber F.A.,Plano Orthopedic Sports Medicine and Spine Center
Arthroscopy - Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery | Year: 2010

Purpose: To determine the resistance to cyclic stress and load-to-failure strength of several suture anchors suitable for hip arthroscopy. Methods: Ten polyetheretherketone (PEEK) PushLock, PEEK SutureTak, and Bio-SutureTak anchors (Arthrex, Naples, FL); Lupine Loop BR anchors (DePuy Mitek, Norwood, MA); Bio-Mini Revo anchors (ConMed Linvatec, Largo, FL); and BioRaptor 2.9 AB anchors (Smith & Nephew, Andover, MA) were inserted in rotation into different locations on the rim of 4 matched pairs of potted acetabula clamped to the base of a servohydraulic testing machine. The anchors' sutures were cyclically pulled in line with the insertion angle. Displacement at 100 and 500 cycles, yield load, ultimate failure load, and failure mode were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed. Results: Most of the displacement observed during cyclic loading occurred in the first 100 cycles, except for the BioRaptor 2.9 AB, which showed twice as much displacement at 500 cycles as at 100 cycles. The Lupine Loop BR cyclic displacement was greater than that of the PEEK PushLock (at 100 cycles also), Bio-SutureTak, and PEEK SutureTak at 500 cycles (P < .05). The BioRaptor 2.9 AB cyclic displacement was significantly greater at 100 and 500 cycles than that of the PEEK PushLock and Bio-SutureTak (P < .05). The mean ultimate failure loads for these anchors ranged from 154 N (PEEK SutureTak) to 255 N (Bio-Mini Revo) and was statistically equivalent (P = .139). Correlation analysis showed no significant associations between anchor stiffness, cyclic load displacement, or failure load. Conclusions: Anchors with specific indications for hip arthroscopy showed very little displacement and had consistent failure loads under cyclic conditions in the acetabular rim. All hip anchors except the BioRaptor 2.9 AB showed less than 2.0 mm of displacement after 500 cycles. Clinical Relevance: Biomechanical testing of suture anchors designated for hip arthroscopy should be performed in the acetabular rim before their use. Suture anchors used for shoulder arthroscopy may not perform as well in the hip. © 2010 Arthroscopy Association of North America.


Solache-Carranco A.,Instituto Nacional Of Rehabilitacion | Sanchez-Bringas M.G.,Ciencias Medicas Adscrita Al Servicio de Cirugia de Columna Vertebral
Cirugia y Cirujanos | Year: 2012

Background: Thoracic scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine associated with restrictive lung defects, manifested by a decrease in respiratory function tests. We undertook this study to evaluate the effect of a respiratory rehabilitation program over lung function in children with scoliosis. Methods: We carried out a prospective and deliberate intervention study including 25 consecutive patients, aged 6 to 18 years, diagnosed with thoracic scoliosis. The respiratory rehabilitation program was structured into two phases: institutional and private residence. Statistical analysis was carried out using descriptive parameters and paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed-ranks test. Spearman correlation was used to measure intensity of association among variables. Statistical significance was considered when p <0.05. Results: Idiopathic scoliosis was present in 52% of patients, with right dorsal curvature in 72%. Cobb angle average was 50.6° ± 29.7°. Most importantly, we found a negative correlation between this angle on left curvature and lung function. Initially, the main respiratory symptoms were dyspnea with poor effort tolerance in 52%. After treatment, 88% of patients were asymptomatic and only 4% presented poor effort tolerance. Oxygen saturation and forced vital capacity percentage had a significant increment after the program. Conclusion: Respiratory rehabilitation has a positive effect on increasing pulmonary function of children with scoliosis.


Vanegas E.S.,Instituto Nacional Of Rehabilitacion | Cendejas R.F.,Instituto Nacional Of Rehabilitacion | Mondragon A.,Instituto Nacional Of Rehabilitacion
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Year: 2014

A 41-year-old woman had two months of intermittent migratory swellings in the trunk, face, and limbs associated with erythema, pruritus, and pain. Laboratory analysis showed moderate eosinophilia. The triad of eosinophilia, migratory lesions (nodular panniculitis), and raw fish consumption was highly suggestive of cutaneous gnathostomiasis. She was successfully treated with albendazole (400 mg twice a day for 21 days) and showed complete and permanent resolution of the lesions. Copyright © 2014 by The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.


Moreno-Lozano M.,Instituto Nacional Of Rehabilitacion
Spinal Cord | Year: 2016

Objectives:No studies have reported sexual dysfunction in Mexican women with a spinal cord injury (SCI).The objective of the present study was to determine the association between sociodemographic factors and sexual dysfunction characteristics in Mexican females with SCI.Methods:An observational, cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted in different rehabilitation centers in Mexico City from July 2013 to November 2014. Adult females with a SCI without any gynecologic structural abnormalities, which by itself produced sexual dysfunction, were included. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) was answered personally by all participants. Other variables such as AIS (American spinal injury association Impairment Scale), neurologic level, time since injury, age, relationship status, socioeconomic status, spasticity, use of antispasticity drugs, education level, antidepressant medication, Spinal Cord Independence Measure III score, offspring, work activities and neuropathic pain were considered.Results:There is a high percentage of sexual dysfunction among Mexican woman with SCI (81.9%). Age range went from 18- to 78-year old (42.8±15.87-year old). Time since injury went from 2 to 708 months (65.16±117.65 months). The study showed a negative correlation between age and the FSFI questionnaire (correlation coefficient (CC)=−0.384, P<0.001).There was no significant difference between the means (analysis of variance) of the different groups for neurologic level, socioeconomic status, spasticity and education level.Conclusion:Results showed that the younger the person is, the better sexual function they have, and offspring decreased sexual function and work activities increased it. Some variables showed small comparative groups (use of antidepressives/antispastics and comorbilities), which may be the reason we could not see significative differences in the means.Spinal Cord advance online publication, 23 February 2016; doi:10.1038/sc.2016.19. © 2016 International Spinal Cord Society


Leiden and Cambridge factor V coagulation mutations and activated protein C resistance (RaPC) are alterations related with vein and artery thrombosis. In this study we aimed to determine whether RaPC is associated with the presence of Leiden and Cambridge mutation and the frequency of these mutations in the racially mestizo Mexican population. We included 150 Mexican patients with primary thrombophilia and 100 healthy subjects in this study. RaPC was determined using commercial methods and genotypes FV Leiden and FV Cambridge with PCR-RFLPs. RaPC was positive in four patients and in one control individual; however, there was no presence of Leiden or Cambridge mutation in the studied group; thus, RaPC was not correlated with the presence of any of the studied mutations. These results indicate that there are other primary or secondary causes different from those studied, which condition the presence of RaPC. Furthermore, the frequency obtained for RaPC in our thrombophilic population of racially mixed Mexicans is lower compared to that obtained in the Caucasian population, most probably because they are genetically different populations.


There is no single criterion to select a posterior stabilization system for an arthroplasty; the ultracongruent system may avoid the complications observed with the drawer and the post. To assess the clinical and functional status of total knee arthroplasty with the ultracongruent system and compare the results with those published in the international literature. A retrospective study was carried out with a descriptive and comparative analysis of the total knee arthroplasties in which the Consensus system was used, to determine the operative time, the range of motion, pain, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Scale (WOMAC), and the level of satisfaction. Sixty-six arthroplasties were performed; mean age was 70.58 years; 45.5% were right and 54.5% left; the operative time was 76.84 minutes, the VAS pain score was 2.02, the WOMAC score was 17.11, and the range of motion was 96.5 +/- 14.04. Ninety-two percent of the patients are satisfied with the surgical procedure. The prosthesis with the ultracongruent insert is an effective option to relieve pain in patients with knee pathology. The clinical and functional results were similar to those reported with other stabilization systems. The system is well accepted by the patients. It is recommended as an alternative to prevent the possible complications that occur with the drawer and post system.


Ruiz-Suarez M.,Instituto Nacional Of Rehabilitacion | Aziz-Jacobo J.,Instituto Nacional Of Rehabilitacion | Barber F.A.,Instituto Nacional Of Rehabilitacion
Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association | Year: 2010

PURPOSE: To determine the resistance to cyclic stress and load-to-failure strength of several suture anchors suitable for hip arthroscopy.METHODS: Ten polyetheretherketone (PEEK) PushLock, PEEK SutureTak, and Bio-SutureTak anchors (Arthrex, Naples, FL); Lupine Loop BR anchors (DePuy Mitek, Norwood, MA); Bio-Mini Revo anchors (ConMed Linvatec, Largo, FL); and BioRaptor 2.9 AB anchors (Smith & Nephew, Andover, MA) were inserted in rotation into different locations on the rim of 4 matched pairs of potted acetabula clamped to the base of a servohydraulic testing machine. The anchors' sutures were cyclically pulled in line with the insertion angle. Displacement at 100 and 500 cycles, yield load, ultimate failure load, and failure mode were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed.RESULTS: Most of the displacement observed during cyclic loading occurred in the first 100 cycles, except for the BioRaptor 2.9 AB, which showed twice as much displacement at 500 cycles as at 100 cycles. The Lupine Loop BR cyclic displacement was greater than that of the PEEK PushLock (at 100 cycles also), Bio-SutureTak, and PEEK SutureTak at 500 cycles (P < .05). The BioRaptor 2.9 AB cyclic displacement was significantly greater at 100 and 500 cycles than that of the PEEK PushLock and Bio-SutureTak (P < .05). The mean ultimate failure loads for these anchors ranged from 154 N (PEEK SutureTak) to 255 N (Bio-Mini Revo) and was statistically equivalent (P = .139). Correlation analysis showed no significant associations between anchor stiffness, cyclic load displacement, or failure load.CONCLUSIONS: Anchors with specific indications for hip arthroscopy showed very little displacement and had consistent failure loads under cyclic conditions in the acetabular rim. All hip anchors except the BioRaptor 2.9 AB showed less than 2.0 mm of displacement after 500 cycles.CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Biomechanical testing of suture anchors designated for hip arthroscopy should be performed in the acetabular rim before their use. Suture anchors used for shoulder arthroscopy may not perform as well in the hip. Copyright (c) 2010 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Rosales-Olivares L.M.,Instituto Nacional Of Rehabilitacion
Cirugia y cirujanos | Year: 2010

Semirigid posterior stabilization is an alternative, avoiding arthrodesis in operated segments. However, this results in the need for dynamic stabilization to allow a stable feature function. We conducted a prospective longitudinal self-reported interventional study. We included 46 patients with dynamic Dallostype interspinous stabilization between 1997 and 2004. A 4-year follow-up analysis was performed using clinical and radiographic studies, preoperatively and 4 years later evaluating lumbar disability, pain, disc height, disc angle (neutral, flexion, and extension). Descriptive statistics were used along with Wilcoxon signed range test. Statistical significance was accepted when p < 0.05. Of 46 patients, 39 completed a 4-year follow-up. Included in the study were nine females and 30 males with an average age of 30.74 years. Affected levels were L4 and L5 (21 patients); L5/S1 (17 patients) and L3/L4 (one patient). An improvement was reported of 80.3% according to the Oswestry scale (p = 0.0001). Preoperative pain decreased 6.8 points VAS. Disc height decreased 0.1 mm on average without significance. Disc angle (neutral) increased 1.13° without statistical difference. For flexion the increase was 2.641° (p = 0.0002), and extension decreased 0.817° on average without statistical significance. Range of mobility decreased 3.416° (p = 0.004). Interspinous ligamentoplasty improves segmental stability, allowing mobility within normal ranges and preserving disc height at 4 years of follow-up, as well as offering greater dynamic stability. Successful clinical improvement was demonstrated.


Non-surgical treatment of Achilles tendinopathies ad plantar fasciitis has shown good results in up to 90% of cases. However, the remaining 10% of patients with these conditions represent a true challenge for the orthopedic surgeon. New technologies for the development of orthobiologic materials make it possible to use platelet-rich plasma (PRP) as an alternative to treat cases that have been refractory to prior treatment and that have a chronicity exceeding 12 months. Prospective, analytical study. Patients with diagnosis of Achilles tendinopathy, plantar fasciitis or both, with a course of more than 12 months, previously treated with non-surgical alternatives, without any clinical improvement. The AOFAS hindfoot scale was used, together with the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain, and photographic documentation at 2, 4, 8 and 12 months after infiltration. A treatment program that included immobilization, NSAIDs, eccentric exercises for the Achilles-calcaneal-plantar system and strengthening of the sural triceps was established. The statistical analysis included measurements of the central trend and scatter with the SPSS 15. A sample consisting of 10 patients (12 feet) that met the diagnostic and inclusion criteria was obtained. Mean age at the time of presentation was 43 years (range 23-56), with females being predominant (70%) and 50% laterality for the right and left feet. The initial AOFAS score was 39 (range 28-68) and the VAS score was 9 (range 7-10). By week 16 the AOFAS score had increased to 97 (range 88-99) and the VAS score was 2 (range 1-4). All patients resumed independent gait. The use of PRP in patients with Achilles tendinopathy and plantar fasciitis is an effective and safe alternative for the management of patients with a poor response to conventional non-surgical treatment. Other non-surgical modalities are recommended besides PRP for the treatment of these patients to achieve appropriate results.


Pineda C.,Instituto Nacional Of Rehabilitacion | Martinez-Lavin M.,Instituto Nacional Of Cardiologia Ignacio Chavez
Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America | Year: 2013

This article presents an updated overview of hypertrophic osteoarthropathy and digital clubbing for the practicing rheumatologist. Discussion includes a brief historical perspective, its definition, incidence and prevalence, classification, pathology and pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, demographics, findings on physical examination, imaging techniques for its detection, differential diagnosis, and treatment modalities. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

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