Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia

Mexico City, Mexico

Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia

Mexico City, Mexico

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Garcia-Cavazos R.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Espino Y Sosa S.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia
Ginecologia y Obstetricia de Mexico | Year: 2010

Background: The alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a glycoprotein, which is produced by the human fetus. Previous studies have shown associations between elevated AFP levels and an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. Objective: To determine if abnormal AFP levels are associated with adverse perinatal outcomes. The AFP concentrations were calculated as Multiples of the medians (MoM). Patients and method: A prospective cohort study, including 283 pregnant women, the maternal serum concentration of AFP was determined between 15 and 20 weeks of pregnancy, and the pregnancy was followed until term, when we search for the perinatal outcomes. The study was made in the Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, in Mexico City, from August 2007 to January 2008. For the analyses, the AFP concentrations were calculated as Multiples of the medians (MoM). Results: The threshold of 1.5 MoM increases the risk for preterm delivery (RR: 1.77, IC 95%: 1.04-3.03), abruption placentae (RR: 3.67, IC 95%: 1.59-8.49), placenta accreta (RR: 3.67, IC 95%: 1.59-8.49) and for intrauterine growth restriction (RR: 2.86, IC 95%: 1.74-4.68) There was a weak relation between AFP concentration and birth weight (r = -0.12, p = 0.047) and no correlation with pregnancy weeks at birth. Conclusions: There is a relation between adverse perinatal outcome and abnormal AFP levels. The evidence of an increase in the AFP concentration in fetuses without congenital defects should alert de clinician about the possibility of other adverse perinatal outcomes and those results must be included in the prenatal risk assessment.

Colin A.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia | Colin A.,Nascere Reproductive Center | Barroso G.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia | Barroso G.,Nascere Reproductive Center | And 3 more authors.
Fertility and Sterility | Year: 2010

Objective: To evaluate the impact of age on the expression of apoptotic biomarkers in human spermatozoa. Design: Cross sectional, prospective study. Setting: Academic centers. Patient(s): Healthy volunteers with proven fertility, stratified by age (n = 25, range: 20-68 years). Intervention(s): Examination of serum hormone levels and basic semen parameters, and assessment of early (plasma membrane translocation of phosphatidylserine) and late (DNA fragmentation) sperm apoptotic markers by flow cytometry (using Annexin-V binding and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling). Main Outcome Measure(s): Apoptosis markers. Result(s): Advancing male age was significantly and positively correlated with Annexin-V binding results. Although not significant, there was a clear trend for increased DNA fragmentation in the older groups. The age threshold for these observations appears to be 40 years. Advancing male age was positively correlated with FSH and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels, and negatively correlated with sperm concentration. Conclusion(s): Advancing male age is associated with the expression of early apoptotic markers as evidenced by significantly increased plasma membrane translocation of phosphatidylserine, as well as with a more subtle proportion of sperm carrying DNA fragmentation. This study confirmed that male age is also associated with a decline in sperm concentration. Copyright © 2010 American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Published by Elsevier Inc.

Fernandez-Carrocera L.A.,Neonatology | Fernandez-Carrocera L.A.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia | Solis-Herrera A.,Neonatology | Cabanillas-Ayon M.,Neonatology | And 4 more authors.
Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition | Year: 2013

Background: A randomised, double-blind clinical trial was undertaken in order to assess the effectiveness of probiotics in the prevention of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) in newborns weighing <1500 g. Methods: We studied a group of 150 patients who were randomised in two groups after parental consent was obtained, to receive either a daily feeding supplementation with a multispecies probiotic (Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus plantarum, Bifidobacteruim infantis, Streptococcus thermophillus) 1 g per day plus their regular feedings or to receive their regular feedings with nothing added (control group), over the period of January 2007 through June 2010. Clinicians in care of the infants were blinded to the group assignment. Results: The primary outcome was the development of NEC. Both groups were comparable, with no differences during hospitalisation, including the type of nutrition received. Blood cultures obtained from cases that developed sepsis did not reveal lactobacillus or Bifidobacteria growth. No differences were detected in terms of NEC risk reduction (RR: 0.54, 95% CI 0.21 to 1.39) although we did observe a clear trend in the reduction of NEC frequency in the studied cases: 6 (8%) versus 12 (16%) in the control group. When the combined risk of NEC or death was calculated as a post hoc analysis, we found a significantly lower risk (RR: 0.39, 95% CI 0.17 to 0.87) for the study group. Conclusions: Probiotics may offer potential benefits for premature infants and are a promising strategy in the reduction of the risk of NEC in preterm newborns.

Perichart-Perera O.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologi | Balas-Nakash M.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologi | Munoz-Manrique C.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologi | Legorreta-Legorreta J.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologi | And 3 more authors.
Menopause | Year: 2014

Objective: This study aims to compare the effects of a lifestyle intervention using a behavioral therapy (BT) approach with the effects of a cardioprotective structured hypocaloric diet on metabolic syndrome in Mexican postmenopausal women. Methods: This study is a randomized clinical trial (2006-2009) of Mexican postmenopausal women with metabolic syndrome (Adult Treatment Panel III criteria) who were recruited from the Postmenopause Clinic of the National Institute of Perinatology in Mexico City. Women were assigned to one of two groups - group 1 (structured hypocaloric diet; n = 63): energy restriction (-300 to -500 kcal/d) emphasizing cardioprotective dietary changes; and group 2 (BT; n = 55): goal setting, problem-solving, and stimulus control to achieve cardioprotective dietary and lifestyle recommendations. Metabolic syndrome prevalence, as well as weight, waist circumference, fat mass, and fasting biochemical markers (glucose and lipid profile), were measured at baseline and at 2, 4, and 6 months after the intervention. Metabolic syndrome risk (relative risk and absolute risk reduction), mean differences between groups, and logistic regression were evaluated using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences software, version 17.0. Results: A total of 118 women were studied (mean [SD] age, 53.81 [6.43] y). No baseline differences were observed between groups. At the end of the study, a higher reduction in metabolic syndrome prevalence was observed in group 1 (-38.1%) compared with group 2 (-12.7%; relative risk, 0.237; 95% CI, 0.092-0.608; P = 0.003). The effect was maintained even when adjusted by age, hormone therapy and antihypertensive drug use. Conclusions: A cardioprotective structured hypocaloric diet is more effective than the BT approach in reducing metabolic syndrome after 6 months of intervention. Both strategies have positive effects on different individual cardiovascular risk factors. © 2014 by The North American Menopause Society.

Portillo W.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Antonio-Cabrera E.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Camacho F.J.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Diaz N.F.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia | Paredes R.G.,National Autonomous University of Mexico
Hormones and Behavior | Year: 2013

Non-copulating (NC) males are those animals that do not mate in spite of repeated testing with sexually receptive females. They have been observed in several species including rats and mice. The present experiment was designed to perform a detailed behavioral characterization of NC male mice. Thus, we evaluated their sexual incentive motivation for a sexually receptive female or a sexually active male, olfactory preference for volatile and non-volatile odors from females or males, and olfactory discrimination between female and male volatile odors and food related odors (milk versus vinegar). We compared the activity of the accessory olfactory system (AOS) in copulating (C) and NC males in response to estrous bedding using the induction of Fos-immunoreactivity (Fos-IR) as a measure of neuronal activation. We also determined if estradiol or dopamine treatment could induce sexual behavior in NC males. Finally, we compared the testis weight and the number of penile spines in C, NC, and gonadectomized males. In the sexual incentive motivation test C males spend significantly more time in the female incentive zone than in the male incentive zone. On the other hand, NC males spend the same amount of time in both incentive zones. In tests of olfactory preference, NC males spent less time investigating estrous odors than C males. As well, NC males discriminate urine from conspecifics but they spend less time smelling these odors than C males. In addition, no increase in Fos expression is observed in NC males when they are exposed to odors from estrous females. Our data also suggest that the deficits observed in NC males are not due to lower circulating levels of gonadal hormones, because estradiol supplementation does not induce sexual behavior in these animals, and their testis weight and the number of penile spines are normal. The results suggest that NC males are not sexually motivated by the receptive females and their odors. © 2013 Elsevier Inc.

Munoz-Islas E.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia | Vidal-Cantu G.C.,CINVESTAV | Bravo-Hernandez M.,CINVESTAV | Cervantes-Duran C.,CINVESTAV | And 4 more authors.
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior | Year: 2014

The antinociceptive role of spinal 5-HT5A receptors in rat models of pain along with their expression was evaluated in the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion (DRG). Nociception was assessed in the formalin, capsaicin, and acetic acid writhing tests. The expression of 5-HT5A receptors was determined by Western blot analysis. Intrathecal treatment with serotonin (5-HT, 10-100 nmol) or 5-carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT, 0.03-0.3 nmol) dose-dependently prevented 1% formalin-induced nociception. Furthermore, 5-HT reduced capsaicin- and acetic acid-induced nociception. 5-HT- or 5-CT-induced antinociception in the formalin test was diminished by the selective 5-HT 5A receptor antagonist N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-N-[[4′-[[(2- phenylethyl)amino] methyl][1,1′-biphenyl]-4-yl]methyl] cyclopentanepropanamide dihydrochloride (SB-699551; 3 and 10 nmol). In addition, 5-HT-induced spinal antinociception in the capsaicin and acetic acid tests was blocked by SB-699551 (10 nmol). Given alone, intrathecal injection of SB-699551 did not affect nociception induced by any irritant. 5-HT5A receptors were expressed in the dorsal spinal cord and DRG, even though formalin injection increased after 24 h 5-HT5A receptor expression only in the spinal cord. Data suggest that 5-HT and 5-CT produce antinociception by activation of spinal 5-HT5A receptors in both the spinal cord and DRG. Furthermore, our results suggest that spinal 5-HT5A receptors play an antinociceptive role in several pain models in rats. 5-HT5A receptors may provide a therapeutic target to develop analgesic drugs. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Ramirez-Torres M.A.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia
Nutrition Reviews | Year: 2013

Diabetes mellitus is the main health problem affecting Mexico's population. The mechanisms by which susceptibility to it is acquired and diabetes develops are topics of ongoing research. In order to prevent type 2 diabetes, one of the challenges is to fully understand gestational diabetes and the hormonal changes and altered carbohydrate metabolism that are associated with it during fetal development. A recent study by the Instituto Nacional de Perinatología found a 12.9% prevalence of gestational diabetes; if the current criteria suggested by the American Diabetes Association were applied, this figure would rise to almost 30%. Identifying mothers and children at high risk of developing diabetes mellitus and its comorbid conditions will help facilitate the timely implementation of preventive measures. This will be a rational use of economic resources in Mexico that will vitally benefit public health. © 2013 International Life Sciences Institute.

Diaz N.F.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia | Cruz-Resendiz M.S.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia | Flores-Herrera H.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia | Garcia-Lopez G.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia | Molina-Hernandez A.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia
Reviews in the Neurosciences | Year: 2014

During early and late embryo neurodevelopment, a large number of molecules work together in a spatial and temporal manner to ensure the adequate formation of an organism. Diverse signals participate in embryo patterning and organization synchronized by time and space. Among the molecules that are expressed in a temporal and spatial manner, and that are considered essential in several developmental processes, are the microRNAs (miRNAs). In this review, we highlight some important aspects of the biogenesis and function of miRNAs as well as their participation in ectoderm commitment and their role in central nervous system (CNS) development. Instead of giving an extensive list of miRNAs involved in these processes, we only mention those miRNAs that are the most studied during the development of the CNS as well as the most likely mRNA targets for each miRNA and its protein functions. © 2014 by De Gruyter.

Bernabe-Garcia M.,Hospital Of Pediatria | Lopez-Alarcon M.,Hospital Of Pediatria | Blanco-Favela F.,Hospital Of Pediatria | Mancilla-Ramirez J.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia | And 2 more authors.
Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids | Year: 2011

The use of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in surgical patients has risen by the fact that this may attenuate systemic and acute inflammatory responses secondary to surgical trauma through modulation of inflammatory mediators and cell membrane interactions. Moreover, the inclusion of n-3 fatty acids in clinical trials as part of the therapy in patients, who expect to undergo a surgical stress, suggests benefits on clinical progress. Therefore, the objective of this article is to review data from n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid effects on biochemical parameters and on reduced length of hospitalization, number of infections, and mortality as main clinical outcomes in human surgical patients. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Lopez-Valdez J.A.,Centenario Hospital Miguel Hidalgo | Estrada-Juarez H.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia | Moreno-Verduzco E.R.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia | Aguinaga-Rios M.,Instituto Nacional Of Perinatologia
Fetal and Pediatric Pathology | Year: 2013

Sirenomelia is the most severe malformation complex affecting the human caudal pole, although its etiology is unclear, a primary defect of blastogenesis has been proposed. Studies consider sirenomelia as the most severe form of caudal dysgenesis, VACTERL association, or axial mesodermal dysplasia, although others still support the idea of a different pathologic entity. We report the prenatal, clinical, and pathologic features of a fetus with cleft lip and palate, microtia, cardiac, renal and intestinal malformations, radial aplasia, and sirenomelia. Karyotype, chromosomal breakage studies, and SHH sequence analysis were normal. The occurrence of cephalic, midline-paramedial, and caudal malformations in the same patient imply the diagnosis of hemifacial microsomia and sirenomelia. These entities are part of the same mesodermal malformation spectrum and the clinical presentation depends on environmental and genetic interactions in embrionic development. Future clinical and genome wide studies will help to better delineate this spectrum. © Informa UK, Inc.

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