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Amaral R.J.F.C.D.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Pedrosa C.D.S.G.,Instituto Nacional Of Metrologia Normalizacao E Qualidade Industrial Inmetro | Kochem M.C.L.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Silva K.R.D.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | And 5 more authors.
Stem Cell Research

In cartilaginous tissues, perichondrium cambium layer may be the source of new cartilage. Human nasal septal perichondrium is considered to be a homogeneous structure in which some authors do not recognize the perichondrium internal zone or the cambium layer as a layer distinct from adjacent cartilage surface. In the present study, we isolated a chondrogenic cell population from human nasal septal cartilage surface zone. Nasoseptal chondrogenic cells were positive for surface markers described for mesenchymal stem cells, with exception of CD146, a perivascular cell marker, which is consistent with their avascular niche in cartilage. Although only Sox-9 was constitutively expressed, they also revealed osteogenic and chondrogenic, but not adipogenic, potentials in vitro, suggesting a more restricted lineage potential compared to mesenchymal stem cells. Interestingly, even in absence of chondrogenic growth factors in the pellet culture system, nasoseptal chondrogenic cells had a capacity to synthesize sulfated glycosaminoglycans, large amounts of collagen type II and to a lesser extent collagen type I. The spontaneous chondrogenic potential of this population of cells indicates that they may be a possible source for cartilage tissue engineering. Besides, the pellet culture system using nasoseptal chondrogenic cells may also be a model for studies of chondrogenesis. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. Source

Santo Filho D.M.D.E.,Laboratorio Of Fluidos | De Abreu F.L.B.,Normalizacao e Qualidade Industrial Inmetro | De Abreu F.L.B.,Federal University of Fluminense | Pereira R.G.,Federal University of Fluminense | And 6 more authors.
ASTM Special Technical Publication

Copyright © 2010 by ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. The world is looking for changes in its energetic matrix through the use of biofuels to reduce the dependence on oil derivatives. Currently, the number of studies concerning mixtures of triglycerides from animals or plants with diesel fuel has risen due to efforts to reduce the consumption of diesel oil. This paper studies the behavior of the density of plant oils mixed with diesel fuel in relation to temperature, which is essential to guarantee engine efficiency. The density is related to the mass and to the volume being a critical property to the assessment of the subministered energy to the engine by the injection system, which behaves like a pump of positive displacement. Samples of the diesel fuel mixture were made with plant triglycerides in proportion and range of ∼5-20%. The densities of the samples were measured in a density meter with temperature varying between 18 and 25°C, as well as at 15°C, according to ASTM standard. Afterwards, the uncertainties of measurement were calculated, and the density change with respect to temperature is presented and shown in density variation curves. An analysis of the density variation curves shows that. Source

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