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Garcia J.,National University of Colombia | Tamara L.M.,Instituto Nacional Of Medicina Legal Y Ciencias Forenses Of Colombia | Castellanos C.,Instituto Nacional Of Medicina Legal Y Ciencias Forenses Of Colombia | Sanchez O.,National University of Colombia | And 2 more authors.
Cuadernos de Medicina Forense | Year: 2015

The Colombian Penal Code establishes penalties for non-fatal injuries, varying ranges of proprietary years of freedom and fine economic in terms of days of legal medical incapacity and sequel that are established in a clinical assessment by a forensic doctor. The Colombian Technical Regulations for a Comprehensive Approach Injury Clinic Forensic generally required which must be disability days according to the estimated time of repair of different types of injuries, and determined elements to establish the aftermath; however, it does not establish quantitative or qualitative determination for the same graduations. A review of the legal, historical and medical concepts, in some countries that have made developments in the field. Search engines used were PubMed, Medline, Google, Science Direct and Springer journal. It was found that the process of evaluation of bodily harm, from the forensic field has evolved in relation to the aftermath, as each day tends more to try to make a quantitative assessment through Scale graduation, aiming to unify medical criteria, ensure scientific support and reduce litigation process. In Colombia it is desirable to perform a process of quantitative determination of the sequels, taking as a fundamental basis the ICF (International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health) and the experience of leading countries in the subject as Spain and the United States for the purpose of unify the processes for assessment of the damage. © 2015, Asociacion Andaluza de Medicos Forenses. All rights reserved.

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