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Carneiro C.,Hospital Garcia de Orta | Carneiro C.,Delegacao Sul Do Instituto Nacional Of Medicina Legal | Carneiro C.,University of Lisbon | Carneiro C.,Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra | And 5 more authors.
Forensic Science International | Year: 2013

The estimation of gestational age (GA) on fetal remains can be an important forensic issue. Forensic specialists usually use reference tables and regression equations derived from reference collections, which are quite rare in what fetuses are concerned. Since these tools are mostly grounded on ultrasonographic measurements, which are known to differ from real bones measurements or are based on ancient literature, this study aimed the construction of tables and regression equations for the Portuguese population on the basis of diaphyseal bone length measurements (femur, tibia and humerus) of 100 fetuses of known GA, using post-mortem radiographs.There is a strong correlation between the longitudinal length of studied bones and GA; the femur exhibits the strongest correlation (r=0.969; p=0.000), followed by the tibia (r=0.966; p=0.000) and the humerus (r=0.963; p=0.000). Therefore it was possible to obtain regression equations and to build tables with reference values for each of the diaphysis analyzed. © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Trancas B.,New University of Lisbon | Vieira F.,Delegacao Sul Do Instituto Nacional Of Medicina Legal | Costa Santos J.,Delegacao Sul Do Instituto Nacional Of Medicina Legal
Acta Medica Portuguesa | Year: 2011

Background and Aims: Forensic psychiatry has experienced a significant development in the last few decades. Several mechanisms underlie this shift, including deinstitutionalization of mental health patients and extraordinary progress in neurosciences, imaging technologies and psychology, just no name a few. This development has put in evidence specific needs for training and education. A review and comparison of forensic psychiatry training in several European countries, U.S.A. and Brazil is made. Methods: A mixed approach was used, including a) systematic literature review (Pubmed search, 1989-2009) and cross-reference search and inclusion; b) specific online sites search (e.g. medical associations or scientific societies responsible for forensic psychiatry training); c) direct contact with psychiatrists and forensic psychiatrists. Results and Conclusions: Forensic psychiatry training is still a heterogeneous field. While not all countries have specialization, subspecialization or competency certification in forensic psychiatry, there has been, however, a definite shift towards its individuation as a specific technico-scientific area. This contributes to an improvement in quality standards and promotes research. Notwithstanding, forensic training in general adult and child psychiatry's residencies should continue to be strengthened as it is likely that most forensic activities will remain at their care in the near future.

Goncalves M.,Delegacao Sul Do Instituto Nacional Of Medicina Legal | Graca O.,Delegacao Sul Do Instituto Nacional Of Medicina Legal | Almeida N.,Delegacao Sul Do Instituto Nacional Of Medicina Legal | Vieira F.,Delegacao Sul Do Instituto Nacional Of Medicina Legal
Acta Medica Portuguesa | Year: 2010

The authors intended to reflect about the contribution of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology in the evaluation of sexual offences, according to the Portuguese legislation and medical legal issues. © 2010 CELOM.

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