Instituto Nacional Of La Pesca

Mexico

Instituto Nacional Of La Pesca

Mexico

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Ruiz-Campos G.,Autonomous University of Baja California | Castro-Aguirre J.L.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico | Velez-Marin R.,Instituto Nacional Of La Pesca
Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad | Year: 2010

New specimens and new records of occurrence for 10 species of chondrichthyan (elasmobranch and chimaeroid) fishes previously unknown or little documented for the continental shelf of the Mexican Pacific are reported. This contribution provides the fi rst record of Centroscyllium nigrum, Isurus paucus, and Bathyraja trachura for the Mexican Pacific, as well as new specimens of Hydrolagus colliei, Hexanchus griseus, Echinorhinus cookei, Pseudocarcharias kamoharai, and Raja velezi for the western coast of the Baja California Peninsula, including the intermediate record within the known distribution range for Apristurus kampae, and the southernmost record for Raja inornata.


Lopez-Gonzalez L.C.,Instituto Nacional Of La Pesca | Sanchez-Gutierrez F.J.,National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico
Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research | Year: 2011

The fish assemblage in a coastal lagoon with mangroves known as "Rancho Bueno" was determined and associated with environmental parameters. We used an experimental otter trawl net to catch the fish, and 62 fish species were identified from 48 genera and 30 families. The most abundant species were: Etropus crossotus, Eucinostomus gracilis, Paralabrax maculatofasciatus, Sphoeroides annulatus, and Eucinostomus dowii. The water temperature changed seasonally, being warm from July through December and cold from January through June. We found more fish species during the warm season than during the cold season. The southern area of the coastal lagoon had the highest diversity and species richness. The small size of the fishes registered confirms the ecological role of coastal lagoons as nursery areas that offer protection and feeding to commercially important fish near Bahía Magdalena, Mexico.


Rodriguez-Quiroz G.,Centro Interdisciplinario Of Investigacion Para El Desarrollo Integral Regional | Cisneros-Mata M.A.,Instituto Nacional Of La Pesca
International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology | Year: 2010

We analysed fisheries trends in the northern region of the Gulf of California, within the Biosphere Reserve of the Upper Gulf of California and Colorado Delta River and the Vaquita Refuge Area, and suggest measures to protect the vaquita, Phocoena sinus. We compiled and analysed catch reports of artisanal fishermen in the three fishing communities of the Upper Gulf of California (San Felipe in the State of Baja California, and Golfo de Santa Clara and Puerto Peñasco in the State of Sonora) from 1995 to 2007. This information was categorised with respect to geographic information systems, and all fishing sites within two marine protected areas in the region were identified. In addition, from a survey based on direct interviews with artisanal fishermen in each of the three ports, we identified that 23% of fishermen will continue fishing despite on-going fishing buy-out programmes in the region. We suggest several specific courses of action to decrease the fishing impact on this critically endangered cetacean. However, given the critical situation of this critically endangered species, it is very uncertain whether enforcing a no-take zone within the biosphere reserve and the Vaquita Refuge Area, or even a wider fishing moratorium, will be enough to save this endangered species from extinction. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.


Torres-Irineo E.,Montpellier University | Gaertner D.,Montpellier University | Chassot E.,IRD Montpellier | Dreyfus-Leon M.,Instituto Nacional Of La Pesca
Fisheries Research | Year: 2014

Technological advancements can influence both the fishing power of a fleet and the fishing strategies it employs. To investigate these potential linkages, we examined almost three decades of data (1981-2008) from French tropical tuna purse seiners operating in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Applying a sequence of statistical methods at different temporal and spatial scales, we analyzed two indicators of fishing power (sets per boat-day on fish aggregating devices (FADs) and sets per boat-day on free-swimming schools) each of which represent a distinct fishing mode. Our results show that the increasing modernization of this fleet has led to increases in both fishing power and the available number of fishing strategies to choose from. A key output of this analysis was the breakdown of fishing power time series (for each fishing mode) into separate periods of continuous years during which catchability was assumed to be constant, thus identifying regime shifts. This partitioning allowed us to identify when key changes occurred in the fishery. Changes in FAD-associated fishing were mostly driven by the introduction of radio beacons (early 1990s) which lead to an increase in fishing effort and an expansion of fishing grounds (direct effect) and the implementation of time-area management measures which resulted in a fragmentation of the traditional fishing grounds in the 2000s (indirect effect). During the same period, fishing on free-swimming schools also increased despite the biomass of stocks decreasing and fishing grounds remaining unchanged. This suggests these increases were driven by improvements in fish detection technology (e.g., bird radars, sonar). These identified increases are not entirely unexpected: indeed it is widely recognized that fishing power in the purse seine tuna fishery has increased over time. However, these increases do not necessarily occur linearly. Thus, understanding how fishing power is changing over time (such as determining when regime shifts occur) is critical to improving the CPUE standardization procedure in tropical tuna purse seine fisheries. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.


Torres-Irineo E.,IRD Montpellier | Torres-Irineo E.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Dreyfus-Leon M.,Instituto Nacional Of La Pesca | Gaertner D.,IRD Montpellier | And 2 more authors.
Ambio | Year: 2016

The failure to achieve fisheries management objectives has been broadly discussed in international meetings. Measuring the effects of fishery regulations is difficult due to the lack of detailed information. The yellowfin tuna fishery in the eastern Pacific Ocean offers an opportunity to evaluate the fishers’ responses to temporal regulations. We used data from observers on-board Mexican purse-seine fleet, which is the main fleet fishing on dolphin-associated tuna schools. In 2002, the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission implementeda closed season to reduce fishing effort for this fishery. For the period 1992–2008, we analysed three fishery indicators using generalized estimating equations to evaluate the fishers’ response to the closure. We found that purse-seiners decreased their time spent in port, increased their fishing sets, and maintained their proportion of successful fishing sets. Our results highlight the relevance of accounting for the fisher behaviour to understand fisheries dynamics when establishing management regulations. © 2016 Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences


Cartamil D.,University of California at San Diego | Santana-Morales O.,CICESE | Escobedo-Olvera M.,CICESE | Kacev D.,San Diego State University | And 4 more authors.
Fisheries Research | Year: 2011

Artisanal fisheries account for up to 80% of elasmobranch fishing activity in Mexican waters, yet details associated with fishing effort and species composition are generally unavailable. This paper describes a survey of the artisanal elasmobranch fishery of the Pacific coast of Baja California, Mexico from 2006 to 2008. The objectives were to determine the geographic extent, size, and targets of the artisanal fishery, and to describe the catch characteristics at Laguna Manuela, an artisanal camp where elasmobranchs are the primary target. For the latter, we used a combination of beach surveys and a novel survey method involving the identification of discarded carcasses. Forty-four artisanal fishing camps were identified, of which 29 (66%) targeted elasmobranchs at least seasonally, using primarily bottom-set gillnets and longlines. At Laguna Manuela 25 species of elasmobranchs were documented. Gillnetting accounted for 60% of fishing effort, and the most commonly captured species were Rhinobatos productus, Zapteryx exasperata, and Myliobatis californica. Longline fishing accounted for 31% of fishing effort, and the most commonly captured species were Prionace glauca and Isurus oxyrhinchus. Catch was composed of mainly juveniles for many species, indicating that the immediately surrounding area (Bahia Sebastian Vizcaino) may be an important elasmobranch nursery habitat. The results of this study will serve as a baseline for determining future changes in the artisanal fishery, as well as changes in species demography and abundance. © 2011 Elsevier B.V.


PubMed | Instituto Nacional Of La Pesca, IRD Montpellier, National Polytechnic Institute of Mexico and French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Ambio | Year: 2016

The failure to achieve fisheries management objectives has been broadly discussed in international meetings. Measuring the effects of fishery regulations is difficult due to the lack of detailed information. The yellowfin tuna fishery in the eastern Pacific Ocean offers an opportunity to evaluate the fishers responses to temporal regulations. We used data from observers on-board Mexican purse-seine fleet, which is the main fleet fishing on dolphin-associated tuna schools. In 2002, the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission implemented a closed season to reduce fishing effort for this fishery. For the period 1992-2008, we analysed three fishery indicators using generalized estimating equations to evaluate the fishers response to the closure. We found that purse-seiners decreased their time spent in port, increased their fishing sets, and maintained their proportion of successful fishing sets. Our results highlight the relevance of accounting for the fisher behaviour to understand fisheries dynamics when establishing management regulations.


Hurtado M.A.,Autonomous University of Sinaloa | Manzano-Sarabia M.,Autonomous University of Sinaloa | Hernandez-Garibay E.,Autonomous University of Baja California | Hernandez-Garibay E.,Instituto Nacional Of La Pesca | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Applied Phycology | Year: 2011

The yield and quality of agar from Gelidium robustum from the main commercial harvest beds along the western coast of the Baja California Peninsula (Mexico) were evaluated within a latitudinal range of about 800 km (31°47′N to 27°05′N). Samples from six locations, Bahía Todos Santos, El Rosario, Isla de Cedros, Islas San Benito, Punta Eugenia, and Bahía Asunción, were analyzed. Bryozoan, protein, and agar content in the seaweed were estimated. The agar quality was determined by the content of 3,6-anhydrogalactose, sulfate, gel strength, and gelling and melting temperature. All the values of these variables were correlated and then with the satellite-derived data of the sea surface temperature (SST), net primary production (NPP), and photosynthetic active radiation (PAR) measured at each harvest bed during the summer months (June, July, and August) of 2000. In the northern and central region, the agar yield was 35% to 37% (Bahía Todos Santos, El Rosario, Isla de Cedros, and Islas San Benito), whereas lower yields were obtained from the southern beds (Punta Eugenia and Bahía Asunción). In contrast, the agar quality increased from the northern to the southern beds. A lower gel strength was obtained from Bahía Todos Santos and El Rosario (268 ± 16 and 205 ± 5 gcm-2) with a higher gel strength obtained from Isla de Cedros, Islas San Benito, and Bahía Asunción (384 to 444 ± 25 gcm-2). Yield was not correlated with the bryozoan content but was inversely correlated with the protein content in the seaweed. The sulfate content in the agar was inversely correlated with the gel strength and with the melting temperature. The 3,6-anhydrogalactose content showed slight variations among harvested beds. Analysis of satellite-derived data showed an equatorward increase of the SST, NPP, and PAR. The agar content correlated inversely with the equatorward increase of the NPP, whereas agar quality, i. e., gel strength, correlated positively with the NPP and PAR. No significant effects were observed on the yield and quality of agar with the latitudinal change of the SST. © 2010 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.


Abundance patterns for three species of penaeid shrimp off northwestern Mexico are explained based on sampling-catch data obtained by the National Fisheries Institute during closed fishing seasons (1995-2006). The bathymetry and fishing area (>14,000 km2) were determined from a depth dataset of >45,000 points. The catch data were obtained from a sampling network of 62 sites, with an average of 76 trawls per fishing season; the brown shrimp (Farfantepenaeus californiensis) was the most abundant species. The relative abundance models for the three species, produced by two geostatistical methods (inverse distance weighting (IDW) and Kriging), identified mid-northern Sinaloa as the most important area regarding the distribution of the resource, with each species displaying different distribution patterns. The spatial model allowed the categorization of data into three levels of relative abundance, taking the values between quartiles 1 and 3 as the medium abundance and the values below quartile 1 and above quartile 3 as the extremes (low and high). The two geostatistical techniques (IDW and Kriging) produced very similar abundance distribution maps, with values >0.7 of the Kappa index of agreement, particularly for areas of high abundance. These results could be useful to point out those areas that can be used to regulate fishing effort and reduce fishing mortality, supporting the sustainable development of the fishery.


Torres-Faurrieta L.K.,CICESE | Dreyfus-Leon M.J.,Instituto Nacional Of La Pesca | Rivas D.,CICESE
Ecological Informatics | Year: 2016

The recruitment of yellowfin tuna in the eastern Pacific Ocean is modeled based on oceanographic as well as biological parameters, using two nonlinear autoregressive network models with exogenous inputs (NARX). In the first model (Model 1) the quarterly recruitment is modeled considering eastern Pacific global oceanographic conditions: the Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), and spawners biomass. In Model 2, recruitment is predicted based on sea surface temperature, wind magnitude, and oceanic current magnitude of a smaller area within the eastern Pacific Ocean, considered as relevant for spawning and recruitment, and total spawners biomass. The correlation coefficient between the ANN recruitment estimate and the “real” recruitment is r > 0.80 in both models. Series of sensitivity analysis suggest that the SOI and the sea surface temperature are the most important variables for the recruitment in Model 1 and Model 2 also show that warm sea surface favors recruitment. A forecasting model under different climatological scenarios indicates that the recruitment of yellowfin tuna could be higher in the period 2015–2020 compared to the ones registered in the period 2009–2013. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.

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