Petersen-Silva R.,University of Barcelona |
Petersen-Silva R.,Instituto Nacional Of Investigacao Agraria E Veterinaria Quinta Do Marques |
Inacio L.,Instituto Nacional Of Investigacao Agraria E Veterinaria Quinta Do Marques |
Henriques J.,Instituto Nacional Of Investigacao Agraria E Veterinaria Quinta Do Marques |
And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Pest Management | Year: 2015
Six entomopathogenic fungal isolates were tested under controlled conditions, as biological control agents against Monochamus galloprovincialis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) (Olivier), the vector of the pine wood nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Nematoda: Parasitaphelenchidae) (Steiner and Buhrer). The fungi Beauveria bassiana (Bals.-Criv.) Vuill, Metarhizium anisopliae (Metchnikoff) Sorokin, Metarhizium sp. and Fusarium sp. were tested against larvae and adults of the insect, by comparing two exposure techniques: continuous contact and spraying. Regarding the larvae, only Fusarium sp. and Metarhizium sp. killed more than 40% of the individuals, while B. bassiana and M. anisopliae were found to kill 50% of the adults (LT50) within five days. Exposure to B. bassiana reduced adult longevity by 19 days, when compared to untreated beetles, and had a direct efficacy of 46%. Continuous contact with the fungi proved to be more effective than spraying. A larval disinfection protocol was developed to eliminate other fungal isolates from the wood-collected tested individuals. The implications of the results and possible applications of selected strains as bio-control agents against M. galloprovincialis are discussed. © 2015, Taylor & Francis.