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Dos Santos L.D.,Claro | Santos K.S.,Discipline of Allergy and Immunology | Santos K.S.,Federal University of Rio de Janeiro | Pinto J.R.A.,Claro | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Proteome Research | Year: 2010

The study reported here is a classical bottom-up proteomic approach where proteins from wasp venom were extracted and separated by 2-DE; the individual protein spots were proteolytically digested and subsequently identified by using tandem mass spectrometry and database query with the protein search engine MASCOT. Eighty-four venom proteins belonging to 12 different molecular functions were identified. These proteins were classified into three groups; the first is constituted of typical venom proteins: antigens-5, hyaluronidases, phospholipases, heat shock proteins, metalloproteinases, metalloproteinase- desintegrin like proteins, serine proteinases, proteinase inhibitors, vascular endothelial growth factor-related protein, arginine kinases, Sol i-II and -II like proteins, alpha-glucosidase, and superoxide dismutases. The second contained proteins structurally related to the muscles that involves the venom reservoir. The third group, associated with the housekeeping of cells from venom glands, was composed of enzymes, membrane proteins of different types, and transcriptional factors. The composition of P. paulista venom permits us to hypothesize about a general envenoming mechanism based on five actions: (i) diffusion of venom through the tissues and to the blood, (ii) tissue, (iii) hemolysis, (iv) inflammation, and (v) allergy-played by antigen-5, PLA1, hyaluronidase, HSP 60, HSP 90, and arginine kinases. © 2010 American Chemical Society. Source


Saidemberg D.M.,Sao Paulo State University | Saidemberg D.M.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Inct Em Imunologia Iii | Baptista-Saidemberg N.B.,Sao Paulo State University | Baptista-Saidemberg N.B.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Inct Em Imunologia Iii | And 2 more authors.
Peptides | Year: 2011

When searching for prospective novel peptides, it is difficult to determine the biological activity of a peptide based only on its sequence. The "trial and error" approach is generally laborious, expensive and time consuming due to the large number of different experimental setups required to cover a reasonable number of biological assays. To simulate a virtual model for Hymenoptera insects, 166 peptides were selected from the venoms and hemolymphs of wasps, bees and ants and applied to a mathematical model of multivariate analysis, with nine different chemometric components: GRAVY, aliphaticity index, number of disulfide bonds, total residues, net charge, pI value, Boman index, percentage of alpha helix, and flexibility prediction. Principal component analysis (PCA) with non-linear iterative projections by alternating least-squares (NIPALS) algorithm was performed, without including any information about the biological activity of the peptides. This analysis permitted the grouping of peptides in a way that strongly correlated to the biological function of the peptides. Six different groupings were observed, which seemed to correspond to the following groups: chemotactic peptides, mastoparans, tachykinins, kinins, antibiotic peptides, and a group of long peptides with one or two disulfide bonds and with biological activities that are not yet clearly defined. The partial overlap between the mastoparans group and the chemotactic peptides, tachykinins, kinins and antibiotic peptides in the PCA score plot may be used to explain the frequent reports in the literature about the multifunctionality of some of these peptides. The mathematical model used in the present investigation can be used to predict the biological activities of novel peptides in this system, and it may also be easily applied to other biological systems. © 2011 Elsevier Inc. Source


Souza B.M.D.,Claro | Souza B.M.D.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Inct Em Imunologia Iii | Cabrera M.P.D.S.,Sao Paulo State University | Gomes P.C.,Sao Paulo State University | And 8 more authors.
Peptides | Year: 2015

In this study, a series of mastoparan analogs were engineered based on the strategies of Ala and Lys scanning in relation to the sequences of classical mastoparans. Ten analog mastoparans, presenting from zero to six Lys residues in their sequences were synthesized and assayed for some typical biological activities for this group of peptide: mast cell degranulation, hemolysis, and antibiosis. In relation to mast cell degranulation, the apparent structural requirement to optimize this activity was the existence of one or two Lys residues at positions 8 and/or 9. In relation to hemolysis, one structural feature that strongly correlated with the potency of this activity was the number of amino acid residues from the C-terminus of each peptide continuously embedded into the zwitterionic membrane of erythrocytes-mimicking liposomes, probably due to the contribution of this structural feature to the membrane perturbation. The antibiotic activity of mastoparan analogs was directly dependent on the apparent extension of their hydrophilic surface, i.e., their molecules must have from four to six Lys residues between positions 4 and 11 of the peptide chain to achieve activities comparable to or higher than the reference antibiotic compounds. The optimization of the antibacterial activity of the mastoparans must consider Lys residues at the positions 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, and 11 of the tetradecapeptide chain, with the other positions occupied by hydrophobic residues, and with the C-terminal residue in the amidated form. These requirements resulted in highly active AMPs with greatly reduced (or no) hemolytic and mast cell degranulating activities. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source


dos Santos L.D.,Claro | dos Santos L.D.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Inct Em Imunologia Iii | da Silva Menegasso A.R.,Claro | da Silva Menegasso A.R.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Inct Em Imunologia Iii | And 7 more authors.
Proteomics | Year: 2011

The phospholipases A1 (PLA1s) from the venom of the social wasp Polybia paulista occur as a mixture of different molecular forms. To characterize the molecular origin of these structural differences, an experimental strategy was planned combining the isolation of the pool of PLAs from the wasp venom with proteomic approaches by using 2-D, MALDI-TOF-TOF MS and classical protocols of protein chemistry, which included N- and C-terminal sequencing. The existence of an intact form of PLA1 and seven truncated forms was identified, apparently originating from controlled proteolysis of the intact protein; in addition to this, four of these truncated forms also presented carbohydrates attached to their molecules. Some of these forms are immunoreactive to specific-IgE, while others are not. These observations permit to raise the hypothesis that naturally occurring proteolysis of PLA1, combined with protein glycosylation may create a series of different molecular forms of these proteins, with different levels of allergenicity. Two forms of PLA2s, apparently related to each other, were also identified; however, it was not possible to determine the molecular origin of the differences between both forms, except that one of them was glycosylated. None of these forms were immunoreactive to human specific IgE. © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Source

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