Time filter

Source Type

dos Santos W.N.L.,Bahia State University | dos Santos W.N.L.,Federal University of Bahia | dos Santos W.N.L.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Inct | Sauthier M.C.S.,Bahia State University | And 4 more authors.
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias | Year: 2016

The atemoya is a hybrid fruit obtained by crossing of cherimoya (Annona cherimola Mill.) with sweet sop (Annona squamosa L.). The information about chemical composition of atemoya is scarce. The mineral composition was evaluated employing Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP OES) and the centesimal composition and the physico-chemical parameters were assessed employing procedures described in the AOAC methods. The total phenolic compounds (TPC) and total flavonoids (TF) were determined using spectroanalytical methods. Considering the Reference Daily Intake (RDI), the concentrations of K, Cu and Vitamin C found in atemoya were the highest, representing about 32, 23 and 37% of the RDI, respectively. The total carbohydrates were 32 g 100g-1 and the soluble solids was equivalent to (32.50 ± 0.03) °Brix. The result for TPC was 540.47 ± 2.32 mgGAE 100 g-1 and the TF was 11.56 ± 1.36 mgQE 100 g-1. The exploratory evaluation of 42 atemoya samples was performed through Principal Component Analysis (PCA), which discriminated green and ripe fruits according to their mineral composition. The elements that contributed most for the variability between green and ripe fruits were: Ba, Ca, Cu, K, Mg and P. © 2016, Academia Brasileira de Ciencias. All rights reserved.


Martins W.P.,University of Sao Paulo | Martins W.P.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Inct | Lima J.C.,University of Sao Paulo | Welsh A.W.,University of New South Wales | And 4 more authors.
Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2012

Objective To evaluate the intra- and interobserver reliability of assessment of three-dimensional power Doppler (3D-PD) indices from single spherical samples of the placenta. Methods Women with singleton pregnancies at 24-40 weeks' gestation were included. Three scans were independently performed by two observers; Observer 1 performed the first and third scan, intercalated by the scan of Observer 2. The observers independently analyzed the 3D-PD datasets that they had previously acquired using four different methods, each using a spherical sample: random sample extending from basal to chorionic plate; random sample with 2 cm 3 of volume; directed sample to the region subjectively determined as containing more color Doppler signals extending from basal to chorionic plate; or directed sample with 2 cm 3 of volume. The vascularization index (VI), flow index (FI) and vascularization flow index (VFI) were evaluated in each case. The observers were blinded to their own and each other's results. Additional evaluation was performed according to placental location: anterior, posterior and fundal or lateral. Intra- and interobserver reliability was assessed by intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC). Results Ninety-five pregnancies were included in the analysis. All three placental 3D-PD indices showed only weak to moderate reliability (ICC < 0.66 and ICC < 0.48, intra- and interobserver, respectively). The highest values of ICC were observed when using directed spherical samples from basal to chorionic plate. When analyzed by placental location, we found lower ICCs for lateral and fundal placentae compared to anterior and posterior ones. Conclusion Intra- and interobserver reliability of assessment of placental 3D-PD indices from single spherical samples in pregnant women greater than 24 weeks' gestation is poor to moderate, and clinical usefulness of these indices is likely to be limited. Copyright © 2012 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Lima J.C.,University of Sao Paulo | Miyague A.H.,University of Sao Paulo | Filho F.M.,University of Sao Paulo | Nastri C.O.,University of Sao Paulo | And 2 more authors.
Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2012

Objective To evaluate and compare the intraobserver and interobserver reliability and agreement for the biparietal diameter (BPD), abdominal circumference (AC), femur length (FL) and estimated fetal weight (EFW) obtained by two-dimensional ultrasound (2D-US) and three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US). Methods Singleton pregnant women between 24 and 40 weeks were invited to participate in this study. They were examined using 2D-US in a blinded manner, twice by one observer, intercalated by a scan by a second observer, to determine BPD, AC and FL. In each of the three examinations, three 3D-US datasets (head, abdomen and thigh) were acquired for measurements of the same parameters. We determined EFW using Hadlock's formula. Systematic errors between 3D-US and 2D-US were examined using the paired t-test. Reliability and agreement were assessed by intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs), limits of agreement (LoA), SD of differences and proportion of differences below arbitrary points. Results We evaluated 102 singleton pregnancies. No significant systematic error between 2D-US and 3D-US was observed. The ICC values were higher for 3D-US in both intra- and interobserver evaluations; however, only for FL was there no overlap in the 95% CI. The LoA values were wider for 2D-US, suggesting that random errors were smaller when using 3D-US. Additionally, we observed that the SD values determined from 3D-US differences were smaller than those obtained for 2D-US. Higher proportions of differences were below the arbitrarily defined cut-off points when using 3D-US. Conclusion 3D-US improved the reliability and agreement of fetal measurements and EFW compared with 2D-US. Copyright © 2012 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


De O. Costa C.,Institute Quimica e Biotecnologia | De O. Costa C.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Inct | De O. Costa E.,Institute Quimica e Biotecnologia | De O. Costa E.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Inct | And 19 more authors.
Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society | Year: 2012

The formation of paramagnetic species from oncocalyxone A in aprotic medium was confirmed by performing in situ electrochemical-electron spin resonance (E-ESR) experiments. The high delocalization of the radical generated at the first reduction potential is clearly evidenced by the hyperfine coupling of H-9 with the larger coupling constant, besides the couplings at the H-3 (close to quinone) and H-7 (far from the quinone nucleus) positions. In protic medium, together with pH dependence experiments, oncocalyxone A showed to be DNA-reactive through experiments with DNA sensors. Its reaction with N-acetylcysteine, with structural characterization of the addition products, proved its ability as Michael acceptor. Both aspects are important in terms of biological/pharmacological activities and indicate the present models as important tools in the screening of biologically active compounds. © 2012 Sociedade Brasileira de Química.


Martins W.P.,University of Sao Paulo | Martins W.P.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Inct | Raine-Fenning N.J.,University of Nottingham | Leite S.P.,University of Sao Paulo | And 2 more authors.
Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology | Year: 2011

Objective To investigate whether standardization of the multiplanar view (SMV) when evaluating the uterus using three-dimensional ultrasonography (3D-US) improves intra- and interobserver reliability and agreement with regard to endometrial measurement. Methods Two-dimensional (2D) and 3D-US was used to measure endometrial thickness by two observers in 30 women undergoing assisted reproduction treatment. Endometrial volume was measured with Virtual Organ Computer-aided AnaLysis (VOCAL™) in the longitudinal (A) and coronal (C) planes using an unmodified multiplanar view (UMV) and a standardized multiplanar view (SMV). Measurement reliability was evaluated by intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and agreement was examined using Bland-Altman plots with limits of agreement (LoA). The ease of outlining the endometrial-myometrial interface was compared between the A- and C-planes using subjective assessment. Results Endometrial volume measurements using the SMV and A-plane were more reliable (intra- and interobserver ICCs, 0.979 and 0.975, respectively) than were measurements of endometrial thickness using 2D-US (intra- and interobserver ICCs, 0.742 and 0.702, respectively) or 3D-US (intra- and interobserver ICCs, 0.890 and 0.784, respectively). The LoAs were narrower for SMV than for UMV. Reliability and agreement were not much different between the A- and C-planes. However the observers agreed that delineating the endometrial-myometrial interface using the A-plane was easier (first and second observer, 50.0 and 46.7%, respectively) or 'comparable' (50 and 53.3%, respectively), but never more difficult than using the C-plane. Conclusions Endometrial volume measurements are more reliable than endometrial thickness measurements and are best performed using SMV and the A-plane. Copyright © 2011 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Junior R.A.M.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Junior R.A.M.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Inct | Mimura A.M.S.,Federal University of Juiz de fora | Divino A.C.,Federal University of Juiz de fora | And 5 more authors.
Soil and Sediment Contamination | Year: 2014

The presence of toxic elements in sediments is critical in the State of Minas Gerais, which is an important mining area in Brazil. In this work, Ag, As, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Ga, In, Li, Ni, Pb, Sr, Tl, V and Zn were determined in samples of sediments by ICP-MS after microwave sample preparation. The samples of surface sediments were collected from the vicinity of Três Marias Dam, Brazil. The results using HNO3+HF+H3BO3 and a microwave oven presented adequate precision and accuracy. The accuracy of the method was determined using different certified reference materials. Most of the results agreed within a 95% confidence level. The concentrations of the investigated analytes were below the values of Threshold Effect Level (TEL) and Probable Effect Level (PEL), with the exception of cadmium, chromium, copper, nickel, and zinc. High concentrations of Cr were observed at all the points, Cu and Ni at point SF 011, Cd at point SF 015, and Zn at points SF 011, SF 013, and SF 015. The results demonstrate that the main pollutants were Zn and Cr. Metal mining and processing are potential sources of contamination, since the investigated points are located in areas known for those activities. © 2014 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Loading Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Inct collaborators
Loading Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Inct collaborators