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Boldrini-Franca J.,University of Sao Paulo | Rodrigues R.S.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Rodrigues R.S.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Em Nano Biofarmaceutica | Santos-Silva L.K.,Federal University of São Carlos | And 11 more authors.
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2015

Snake venom serine proteases (SVSPs) act primarily on plasma proteins related to blood clotting and are considered promising for the treatment of several hemostatic disorders. We report the heterologous expression of a serine protease from Crotalus durissus collilineatus, named collinein-1, in Pichia pastoris, as well as the enzymatic comparative characterization of the toxin in native and recombinant forms. The complementary DNA (cDNA) encoding collinein-1 was amplified from cDNA library of C. d. collilineatus venom gland and cloned into the pPICZαA vector. The recombinant plasmid was used to transform cells of KM71H P. pastoris. Heterologous expression was induced by methanol and yielded 56 mg of recombinant collinein-1 (rCollinein-1) per liter of culture. The native collinein-1 was purified from C. d. collilineatus venom, and its identity was confirmed by amino acid sequencing. The native and recombinant enzymes showed similar effects upon bovine fibrinogen by releasing preferentially fibrinopeptide A. Although both enzymes have induced plasma coagulation, native Colinein-1 has shown higher coagulant activity. The serine proteases were able to hydrolyze the chromogenic substrates S-2222, S-2238, and S2302. Both enzymes showed high stability on different pH and temperature, and their esterase activities were inhibited in the presence of Zn2+ and Cu2+. The serine proteases showed similar kcat/Km values in enzyme kinetics assays, suggesting no significant differences in efficiency of these proteins to hydrolyze the substrate. These results demonstrated that rCollinein-1 was expressed with functional integrity on the evaluated parameters. The success in producing a functionally active recombinant SVSP may generate perspectives to their future therapeutic applications. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Gomes M.S.R.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Gomes M.S.R.,State University of Southwest Bahia | Naves De Souza D.L.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Naves De Souza D.L.,Instituto Nacional Of Ciencia E Tecnologia Em Nano Biofarmaceutica | And 13 more authors.
Journal of Biochemistry | Year: 2015

We present the biochemical and functional characterization of Bothropoidin, the first haemorrhagic metalloproteinase isolated from Bothrops pauloensis snake venom. This protein was purified after three chromatographic steps on cation exchange CM-Sepharose fast flow, size-exclusion column Sephacryl S-300 and anion exchange Capto Q. Bothropoidin was homogeneous by SDS-PAGE under reducing and non-reducing conditions, and comprised a single chain of 49,558 Da according to MALDI TOF analysis. The protein presented an isoelectric point of 3.76, and the sequence of six fragments obtained by MS (MALDI TOF\TOF) showed a significant score when compared with other PIII Snake venom metalloproteinases (SVMPs). Bothropoidin showed proteolytic activity on azocasein, Aα-chain of fibrinogen, fibrin, collagen and fibronectin. The enzyme was stable at pH 6-9 and at lower temperatures when assayed on azocasein. Moreover, its activity was inhibited by EDTA, 1.10-phenanthroline and β-mercaptoethanol. Bothropoidin induced haemorrhage [minimum haemorrhagic dose (MHD) = 0.75 μg], inhibited platelet aggregation induced by collagen and ADP, and interfered with viability and cell adhesion when incubated with endothelial cells in a dose and time-dependent manner. Our results showed that Bothropoidin is a haemorrhagic metalloproteinase that can play an important role in the toxicity of B. pauloensis envenomation and might be used as a tool for studying the effects of SVMPs on haemostatic disorders and tumour metastasis. © 2014 The Authors 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Japanese Biochemical Society. All rights reserved.


Azevedo F.V.P.V.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Lopes D.S.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Cirilo Gimenes S.N.,Federal University of Uberlandia | Ache D.C.,Federal University of Uberlandia | And 9 more authors.
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules | Year: 2016

This work shows the antitumoral effects of BnSP-6, a Lys 49 PLA2 isolated from Bothrops pauloensis venom, on human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells. BnSP-6 caused a dose-dependent cytotoxicity and inhibited cell adhesion. Interestingly, cytotoxic activity of BnSP-6 was significantly lower against MCF10A, a non-tumorigenic breast cell line, suggesting that this PLA2 presented a possible preference for targets in cancer cells. Analysis of cell death on MDA-MB-231 cells showed that BnSP-6 stimulated the autophagy process, as evidenced by labeling of autophagic vacuoles. Moreover, apoptosis assays showed that BnSP-6 induced both early and late apoptosis. Apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells was also confirmed by up-regulation of different genes related to the apoptosis pathway, such as TNF, TNFRSF10B, TNFRSF1A and CASP8 and decreased expression of anti-apoptotic genes (BCL2 and BCL2L). In addition, BnSP-6 caused a remarkable increase in gene expression of BRCA2 and TP53 tumor suppressors. Finally, BnSP-6 induced down-regulation of Angiopoetin 1 gene (potent pro-angiogenic factor) and inhibited adhesion and migration of MDA-MB-231 cells suggesting pharmaceutical applications of this PLA2 as an antiangiogenic and anti-metastatic agent. Taken together, our results show that the PLA2 BnSP-6 presents anticancer potential that can be exploited as prototype for the design of new therapies. © 2015 Elsevier B.V..

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