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Bautista-Perez R.,Instituto Nacional Of Cardiologia I Ch | Bautista-Perez R.,Instituto Nacional Of Cardiologia I Ch | Del Valle-Mondragon L.,Instituto Nacional Of Cardiologia I Ch | Cano-Martinez A.,Instituto Nacional Of Cardiologia I Ch | And 3 more authors.
American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology | Year: 2015

The possibility that angiotensin II (ANG II) exerts its effects through the activation of neutral sphingomyelinase (nSMase) has not been tested in kidneys. The results of the present study provide evidence for the activity and expression of nSMase in rat kidneys. In isolated perfused rat kidney, ANG II-induced renal vasoconstriction was inhibited by GW4869, an inhibitor of nSMase. We used nSMase for investigating the signal transduction downstream of ceramide. nSMase constricted the renal vasculature. An inhibitor of ceramidase (CDase), N-oleoylethanolamine (OEA), enhanced either ANG II- or nSMase-induced renal vasoconstriction. To demonstrate the interaction between the nSMase and cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) signal transduction pathways, we evaluated the response to nSMase in the presence and absence of inhibitors of arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism: arachidonyl trifluoromethyl ketone (AACOCF3), an inhibitor of cPLA2; 5,8,11,14-eicosatetraynoic acid (ETYA), an inhibitor of all AA pathways; indomethacin, an inhibitor of cyclooxygenase (COX); furegrelate, a thromboxane A2 (TxA2)-synthase inhibitor; and SQ29548, a TxA2-receptor antagonist. In these experiments, the nSMase-induced renal vasoconstriction decreased. ANG II or nSMase was associated with an increase in the release of thromboxane B2 (TxB2) in the renal perfusate of isolated perfused rat kidney. In addition, the coexpression of the ceramide with cPLA2, was found in the smooth muscle layer ofintrarenal vessels. Our results suggest that ANG II stimulates ceramide formation via the activation of nSMase; thus ceramide may indirectly regulate vasoactive processes that modulate the activity of cPLA2 and the release of TxA2. © 2015 the American Physiological Society. Source

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