Instituto Nacional Of Cancerologia

Mexico City, Mexico

Instituto Nacional Of Cancerologia

Mexico City, Mexico
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Galvez-Hernandez C.L.,Instituto Nacional Of Cancerologia
Revista medica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social | Year: 2016

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the physiological and psychological effect after an electromyographic biofeedback treatment in combination with progressive muscular relaxation training in patients with acute whiplash.METHODS: Twelve patients with acute whiplash volunteered to participate in a quasi-experimental design and a control group.INCLUSION CRITERIA: Two months maximum after car accident, severity levels II and I.EXCLUSION CRITERIA: previous history of persistent pain or serious previous injury. The groups were randomly divided in two (treatment and waiting list groups). We used electromyographic measures of the trapezius muscles with psychometric tests: Beck Anxiety and Depression Inventory; Oswestry Pain Disability Questionnaire; Visual Analog Scale of Pain; TAMPA Scale for Kinesiophobia. The treatment consisted in electromyographic biofeedback after progressive muscular relaxation training.RESULTS: There were significant intra-group differences before and after treatment in muscular symmetry and subjective pain perception in the treatment group.CONCLUSIONS: We achieved a significant change (clinical and statistical) in subjective pain perception and muscular symmetry. This study highlights the importance of multidisciplinary work in acute pain patients and the effectiveness of clinical psychophysiological strategies with acute whiplash patients.Introducción: el objetivo de este trabajo consistió en evaluar el efecto fisiológico y psicológico de la retroalimentación biológica de electromiografía de superficie (RB de EMGs) en combinación con relajación muscular progresiva (RMP) en pacientes con esguince cervical (EC) agudo. Métodos: Un total de 12 pacientes con EC agudo participaron voluntariamente en el estudio, con diseño cuasiexperimental, y grupo control. Criterios de inclusión: máximo dos meses del accidente automovilístico; gravedad I y II. Se excluyeron: pacientes con historia previa de dolor persistente, o que hayan tenido lesión seria. Se dividió en dos grupos aleatoriamente (de intervención y en lista de espera). Se realizó un registro psicofisiológico de los músculos trapecios con EMGs, en conjunto con instrumentos psicométricos: inventario de ansiedad y depresión de Beck; índice de incapacidad de Oswestry; escala visual análoga y de miedo al movimiento. La intervención consistió aplicar RB de EMGs, posterior a un entrenamiento en RMP. Resultados: el grupo de intervención disminuyó significativamente su valor de simetría muscular (permaneciendo dentro de lo normal) así como su percepción subjetiva del dolor, intragrupo antes/después de la intervención. Conclusiones: se produjo un cambio significativo (tanto clínico como estadístico) en la percepción del dolor y la actividad conjunta de músculos pares. Igualmente, muestra la relevancia de atender un problema agudo multidisciplinariamente; así como la utilidad de las estrategias psicofisiológicas clínicas en pacientes agudos de EC.

Heranndez-Avila M.,Instituto Nacional Of Salud Publica | Gutierrez Dr. J.P.,Instituto Nacional Of Salud Publica | Reynoso-Noveron N.,Instituto Nacional Of Cancerologia
Salud Publica de Mexico | Year: 2013

Objective. To estimate the magnitude of diabetes in Mexico, as well as discuss alternative policies to face it appropriately. Materials and methods. Descriptive analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012, using reported information on previous diagnosis of diabetes from adults and adolescents. Results. From all adults 20 years and older in Mexico, 9.17% has been diagnosed with diabetes, presenting an important geographical heterogeneity, ranging from 5.6% in the southern state of Chiapas, to 12.3% in Mexico City. Of all people with diabetes, 46.95% also have been diagnosed with hypertension, 4.47% has had a stroke, and 54.46%, reported family background of diabetes. Regarding adolescents, 0.68% has been already diagnosed with diabetes. Conclusions. The burden of diabetes in Mexico and the fact that is a preventable condition, calls to strengthen the health sector strategies to face it. The negative effect it has on the quality of life makes diabetes a priority for the health sector.

Munoz N.,Instituto Nacional Of Cancerologia | Bravo L.E.,Registro Poblacional de Cancer de Cali
Salud Publica de Mexico | Year: 2014

Objective: To describe the incidence, mortality, time trends and prognostic factors for cervical cancer in Cali, Colombia, and to review the molecular epidemiological evidence showing that HPV is the major and necessary cause of cervical cancer and the implications of this discovery for primary and secondary prevention. Materials and methods: Incidence rates of cervical cancer during a 45-year period (1962-2007) were estimated based on the population-based cancer registry of Cali and the mortality statistics from the Municipal Health Secretariat of Cali. Prognostic factors were estimated based on relative survival. Review of the molecular epidemiological evidence linking HPV to cervical cancer was focused on the studies carried out in Cali and in other countries. Results: Incidence rates of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) declined from 120.4 per 100 000 in 1962-1966 to 25.7 in 2003-2007 while those of adenocarcinoma increased from 4.2 to 5.8. Mortality rates for cervical cancer declined from 18.5 in 1984-1988 to 7.0 per 100 000 in 2009-2011. Survival was lower in women over 65 years of age and in clinical stages 3-4. Review of the molecular epidemiological evidence showed that certain types of HPV are the central and necessary cause of cervical cancer. Conclusions: A decline in the incidence and mortality of SCC and an increase in the incidence of adenocarcinoma during a 45-year period was documented in Cali, Colombia.

Heras-Sandoval D.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Perez-Rojas J.M.,Instituto Nacional Of Cancerologia | Hernandez-Damian J.,National Autonomous University of Mexico | Pedraza-Chaverri J.,National Autonomous University of Mexico
Cellular Signalling | Year: 2014

Disruption of autophagy plays an import role in neurodegenerative disorders, where deficient elimination of abnormal and toxic protein aggregates promotes cellular stress, failure and death. Therefore, induction of autophagy has been proposed as a reasonable strategy to help neurons clear abnormal protein aggregates and survive. The kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a major regulator of the autophagic process and is regulated by starvation, growth factors, and cellular stressors. Upstream of mTOR the survival PI3K/AKT pathway modulates mTOR activity that is also altered in neurodegenerative diseases of Alzheimer and Parkinson. Nevertheless, the interplay between the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and the autophagic process is complex and a more detailed examination of tissue from patients suffering neurodegenerative diseases and of animal and cellular models is needed. In the present work we review the recent findings on the role of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in the modulation of the autophagic process in neuronal protection. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

Maldonado V.,Instituto Nacional Of Cancerologia | Melendez-Zajgla J.,Institute of Genomic Medicine INMEGEN
Molecular Cancer | Year: 2011

Bcl-3 is an established oncogene in hematologic malignancies, such as B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemias. Nevertheless, recent research has shown that it also participates in progression of diverse solid tumors. The present review summarizes the current knowledge of Bcl3 role in solid tumors progression, including some new insights in its possible molecular mechanisms of action. © 2011 Maldonado and Melendez-Zajgla; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Verastegui E.,Instituto Nacional Of Cancerologia | Mohar A.,Instituto Nacional Of Cancerologia
European Journal of Health Economics | Year: 2010

Mexico, like many other middle-income countries, is experiencing a demographic and epidemiological transition resulting in an older population suffering from chronic diseases. At the present time, cancer is the second cause of death in the country. Until recently, cervical carcinoma was the most frequent type of cancer in the country, however, the incidence of breast, prostate and colon cancers is growing. The demand for health care and health expenditure represented by cancer treatment challenges the limited resources the country has, particularly as patients seek treatment in advanced stages of the disease. Interestingly enough, these types of cancers could be detected in the early stages with rather simple screening procedures. The purpose of this paper is to describe the Mexican health system, and the impact of its fragmentation on access to medicines. Focusing on colorectal cancer (CRC), we describe its epidemiology, screening procedures and the inequities in health care access for these patients.

Granados-Garcia M.,Instituto Nacional Of Cancerologia
Salud Publica de Mexico | Year: 2016

Oropharyngeal cancer incidence has recently increased, thereby attracting public attention. Akin to other malignancies of the upper aerodigestive tract, it has been attributed to the carcinogenic effects of tobacco and alcohol use. However, recent evidence shows that a substantial increase in the disease is attributable to the effects of human papillomavirus (HPV). Marked progress has been made in relation to the knowledge of molecular and genetic mechanisms involved in the genesis and progression of these cancers. This has led to the development of new and promising therapies of a more specific and less toxic nature that have prolonged life and improved its quality. However, these therapies have failed to significantly increase the proportion of patients who are cured. To decrease the mortality associated with these neoplasms, it is necessary to adopt public health measures aimed at prevention and early diagnosis.

Candelaria M.,Instituto Nacional Of Cancerologia
Salud Publica de Mexico | Year: 2016

Lymphoproliferative disorders have increased in last decades. Immunohistochemistry analysis is required to categorize them in different clinical entities, as has been stablished by WHO. Advances in imaging have set the PET-CT as a standard staging procedure in most cases. Knowledge of the biology of these malignancies has allowed therapeutic advances with different approaches, including development of monoclonal antibodies, conjugated antibodies, immunomodulatory agents, as well as inhibition of specific pathways. Although new drugs are promising, the cost-benefit impact requires to be evaluated in pharmacoeconomic clinical trials.

Sanz-Chavez T.L.,Instituto Nacional Of Cancerologia
Revista médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social | Year: 2013

in postmenopausal women, the excess of fat has been associated with an increased risk of endometrial cancer. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of overweight, obesity, diabetes and hypertension in patients with endometrial cancer. we collected demographic, clinical, laboratory and histopathological information from the electronic records of patients diagnosed with endometrial cancer in the period from January 2009 to July 2011. Subsequently descriptive analysis of the information was done. a total of 274 records. The average age of patients was 54 years. The 50.4 % were postmenopausal. At the time of diagnosis, 112 cases (48.6 %) were in clinical stage I. Of all patients, 104 (37.9 %) had diabetes mellitus, 122 (44.5 %) hypertension, 194 (72.6 %) were overweight or obese, and 24 cases were registered with the metabolic syndrome. in regards to this diagnosis the results show a higher incidence of overweight and obesity compared with other countries. It is necessary to conduct further studies to assess the relationship of excess fat as a risk factor for endometrial cancer.

Granados-Garcia M.,Instituto Nacional Of Cancerologia
Cirugia y cirujanos | Year: 2010

Thyroid cancer presents as nodules. Thyroid nodules are frequent, but only 5-30% are malignant. Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is useful for initial evaluation; nevertheless, malignancy is uncertain when follicular neoplasm is reported. Some factors can be associated with malignancy. Therefore, we analyzed our follicular neoplasms in order to identify those factors associated with a higher risk of malignancy. We analyzed the clinical files of consecutive patients with cytological diagnoses of follicular neoplasm. From 1,005 cases of thyroid nodules, 121 were follicular neoplasms according to cytology. Of these, 75 were surgically treated. Definitive report showed 45 benign (60%) and 30 malignant (40%) cases. Benign cases included 29 goiters, 11 follicular adenomas, and 5 cases of thyroiditis. Malignant cases were comprised of 12 papillary carcinomas, 4 follicular carcinomas, 3 papillary carcinomas-follicular variant, 1 lymphoma, 1 teratoma, 5 medullary carcinomas, 2 insular carcinomas, 1 anaplastic carcinoma and 1 metastatic breast carcinoma. Tumor size of benign lesions was 3.43 ± 2.04 cm, and 4.67 ± 2.78 (p = 0.049) for malignant lesions. Age was 46.95 ± 15.39 years for benign lesions and 48.67 ± 17.28 for malignant lesions (p = 0.66). Fifty percent of males showed malignancy vs. 37.7% of females (p < 0.005). Our results suggest that size and gender, but not age, are associated with cytological pattern. Ultrasonographic characteristics may be useful discriminating patients with a higher risk of malignancy. FNAB is a useful tool for initial evaluation of thyroid nodules, but clinical evaluation can enhance predictive value.

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