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Faure M.,Pierre Mendès-France University | Faure M.,CNRS Geological Laboratory of Lyon: earth, planets and environment | Faure M.,Instituto Nacional Of Arqueologia | Guerin C.,CNRS Geological Laboratory of Lyon: earth, planets and environment | And 3 more authors.
Anthropozoologica | Year: 2011

The Enoque rock-shelter, in the Serra das Confusões (South-Eastern Piauí), yielded a very well preserved complex of graves dating from between 7570 and 6660 years BP and concerning about seventeen peoples, mainly young children, whose corpses were buried upon a very large engraved stone. The human remains are associated with an abundant and various funerary material, namely numerous adornments made of hard animal material. The most important are collars, made of perforated teeth (canines and incisors) of various Felids (Panthera onca, Felis concolor, Felis pardalis), and of about 600 canines of the small Canid Cerdocyon thous; there are numerous collars of vegetal beards. Another very important kind of adornments are pendants: 145 are made from the metatarsals of the small Cervid Mazama gouazoubira, and some other are made from radii of large birds, a plate of a turtle and shells of mollusks. Other remains are several samples of enigmatic pieces constituted of armadillo dermic bones incrusted on clay fragments, large Gastropods, frequently colored with ochre, of the genus Megalobulimus, and numerous large blocks of ochre. Some unworked animal remains are present, like mandibular fragments of the peccary Dicotyles tajacu, mandibles of the neotropical porcupine Coendu prehensilis, antlers and adult and juvenile metapodials of Mazama gouazoubira. Such a rich, abundant and various funerary material and the fact that the same place was used at several times for multiple burials make the Toca do Enoque an exceptional site. This site was probably in the center of the social and spiritual life of that group of hunterscollectors who lived in the North-Eastern Brazil more than 6600 years ago. © Publications Scientifiques du Muséum national d'Historie naturelle, Paris.

Faure M.,University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 | Faure M.,University Lumiere Lyon 2 | Faure M.,Instituto Nacional Of Arqueologia | Faure M.,Instituto Italiano Of Paleontologia Umana | And 4 more authors.
Comptes Rendus - Palevol | Year: 2014

Two recent discoveries in two "lagoas" of southeastern Piauí (North East of Brazil) allow us to describe and compare two very small-sized hemimandibles of two Megatheriidae. We attribute the first one, from the Lagoa dos Porcos, to a very young specimen of Eremotherium rusconii (Schaub, 1935), the gigantic Eremotherium well known in South America. We determine the other one, from the Lagoa do Quari, as an adult specimen of the small Eremotherium laurillardi (Lund, 1842). We confirm hereby our idea, written in 2000, of the reality of the latter species, which was not defined, like many authors think, on a juvenile tooth of the large species. The mandible of E.laurillardi is described for the first time. The mandible of the very young specimen of E.rusconii is also a rare piece. © 2013 Académie des sciences.

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