Instituto Murciano Of Investigacion Biosanitaria Imib Arrixaca

Murcia, Spain

Instituto Murciano Of Investigacion Biosanitaria Imib Arrixaca

Murcia, Spain
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Di Bonito M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Studer M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Puelles L.,University of Murcia | Puelles L.,Instituto Murciano Of Investigacion Biosanitaria Imib Arrixaca
Brain Structure and Function | Year: 2017

The r4-derived territory is located in the pontine region of the brainstem, forming a wedge-shaped slice that broadens from the choroidal roof to the ventral midline. R4-derived neuronal populations migrate radially inside and tangentially outside this rhombomere, forming nuclei of the sensorimotor auditory, vestibular, trigeminal and reticular systems. R4-derived fibre tracts contribute to the lateral lemniscus, the trigeminothalamic tracts, the medial tegmental tract and the medial forebrain bundle, which variously project to the midbrain, thalamus, hypothalamus and telencephalon. Other tracts such as the trigeminocerebellar and vestibulocerebellar tracts reach the cerebellum, while the medial and lateral vestibulospinal tracts, and the reticulospinal and trigeminal oro-spinal tracts extend into the spinal cord. Many r4-derived fibres are crossed; they decussate to the contralateral side traversing the midline through the cerebellar, collicular and intercollicular commissures, as well as the supraoptic decussation. Moreover, some fibres enter into the posterior and anterior commissures and some terminals reach the septum. Overall, this study provides an overview of all r4 neuronal populations and axonal tracts from their embryonic origin to the adult final location and target. © 2017 The Author(s)


Llamoza-Torres C.J.,Hospital General Universitario Rafael Mendez | Fuentes-Pardo M.,Family and Community Medicine | Alvarez-Higueras F.J.,Hospital Clinico Universitario Virgen Of La Arrixaca | Alberca-De-Las-Parras F.,Hospital Clinico Universitario Virgen Of La Arrixaca | And 3 more authors.
Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas | Year: 2016

Objective: To determine the accuracy of the acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) technique for the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis. Materials and methods: We present an observational, single-center study that included patients with suspected chronic pancreatitis in the period between October 2012 and September 2015 who underwent endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) and were classified according to the standard and Rosemont criteria. The same group of patients was assessed by the ARfitechnology using ACUSON S2000™ equipment with Virtual Touch™ Quantification software for the assessment of pancreatic stiffness by obtaining the shear wave velocity (SWV) in the head, body and tail of the pancreas. Data were analyzed using ANOVA and nonparametric correlation methods. Diagnostic accuracy was obtained by analyzing receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results: A total of thirty-three patients were studied (45.5% women); mean age was 58.3 ± 11.8 years. Seventeen with a diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis and sixteen classified as normal according to standard criteria. A significant difference was detected between the means of SWV in pancreatic body of patients without (SWV: 1.27 m/s) and with chronic pancreatitis (SWV 1.57 m/s), p = 0.037. The area under the ROC curve was 71.3% (95% CI 0.532-0.895) and the accuracy of ARfifor diagnosing chronic pancreatitis was 69.7% for a SWV of 1.4 m/s in the pancreatic body. The SWV means in head (r = 0.421, p < 0.05) and body (r = 0.455, p < 0.05) of the pancreas showed a significant correlation with the number of EUS criteria for chronic pancreatitis. Conclusion: Quantification of pancreatic stiffness with ARfielastography technique has proven to be useful for the non-invasive diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis. © 2016. SEPD y © ARÁN EDICIONES, S.L.

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