Instituto Murciano Of Investigacion Biomedica Imib

Spain

Instituto Murciano Of Investigacion Biomedica Imib

Spain
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Herraiz C.,University of Murcia | Journe F.,Free University of Brussels | Ghanem G.,Free University of Brussels | Jimenez-Cervantes C.,University of Murcia | And 3 more authors.
International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology | Year: 2012

Melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R), a major determinant of skin phototype frequently mutated in melanoma, is a Gs protein-coupled receptor that regulates pigment production in melanocytes. MC1R stimulation activates cAMP synthesis and the extracellular signal-regulated (ERK) ERK1 and ERK2. In human melanocytes, ERK activation by MC1R relies on cAMP-independent transactivation of the c-KIT receptor. Thus MC1R functional coupling to the cAMP and ERK pathways may involve different structural requirements giving raise to biased effects of skin cancer-associated mutations. We evaluated the impact of MC1R mutations on ERK activation, cAMP production and agonist binding. We found that MC1R mutations impair cAMP production much more often than ERK activation, suggesting less stringent requirements for functional coupling to the ERK pathway. We examined the crosstalk of the cAMP and ERK pathways in HBL human melanoma cells (wild-type for MC1R, NRAS and BRAF). ERK activation by constitutively active upstream effectors or pharmacological inhibition had little effect on MC1R-stimulated cAMP synthesis. High cAMP levels were compatible with normal ERK activation but, surprisingly, the adenylyl cyclase activator forskolin abolished ERK activation by MC1R, most likely by a cAMP-independent mechanism. These results indicate little crosstalk of the cAMP and ERK pathways in HBL melanoma cells. Finally, we studied cAMP accumulation in a panel of 22 human melanoma cell lines stimulated with MC1R agonists or forskolin. cAMP synthesis was often inhibited, even in cells wild-type for MC1R and NRAS. Therefore, the cAMP pathway is more frequently impaired in melanoma than could be predicted by the MC1R or NRAS genotype. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Garcia-Borron J.C.,University of Murcia | Garcia-Borron J.C.,Instituto Murciano Of Investigacion Biomedica Imib | Abdel-Malek Z.,University of Cincinnati | Jimenez-Cervantes C.,University of Murcia | Jimenez-Cervantes C.,Instituto Murciano Of Investigacion Biomedica Imib
Pigment Cell and Melanoma Research | Year: 2014

The melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) is a G protein-coupled receptor crucial for the regulation of melanocyte proliferation and function. Upon binding melanocortins, MC1R activates several signaling cascades, notably the cAMP pathway leading to synthesis of photoprotective eumelanin. Polymorphisms in the MC1R gene are a major source of normal variation of human hair color and skin pigmentation, response to ultraviolet radiation (UVR), and skin cancer susceptibility. The identification of a surprisingly high number of MC1R natural variants strongly associated with pigmentary phenotypes and increased skin cancer risk has prompted research on the functional properties of the wild-type receptor and frequent mutant alleles. We summarize current knowledge on MC1R structural and functional properties, as well as on its intracellular trafficking and signaling. We also review the current knowledge about the function of MC1R as a skin cancer, particularly melanoma, susceptibility gene and how it modulates the response of melanocytes to UVR. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S.


Garcia-Borron J.C.,University of Murcia | Garcia-Borron J.C.,Instituto Murciano Of Investigacion Biomedica Imib | Olivares C.,University of Murcia | Olivares C.,Instituto Murciano Of Investigacion Biomedica Imib
Experimental Dermatology | Year: 2014

The melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R), a G protein-coupled receptor preferentially expressed in melanocytes, mediates the pigmentary effects of α melanocyte-stimulating hormone (αMSH). MC1R is also expressed in other cutaneous cell types, particularly keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts, suggesting non-pigmentary actions of the αMSH/MC1R system. Böhm and Stegemann now report a dramatic effect of mouse Mc1r functional status on susceptibility to skin fibrosis and collagen types I and III metabolism, in a study combining the powerful mouse model provided by the natural Mc1re/e knockout and an established model of skin fibrosis. The study underscores the antifibrotic role for the skin αMSH/MC1R system. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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