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Grau M.,Instituto Municipal Of Investigacion Medica | Elosua R.,Instituto Municipal Of Investigacion Medica | Elosua R.,CIBER ISCIII | Cabrera De Leon A.,Hospital Universitario Nuestra Senora Of Candelaria | And 13 more authors.
Revista Espanola de Cardiologia | Year: 2011

Introduction and objectives: To estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in individuals aged 35-74 years in 10 of Spain's autonomous communities and determine the geographic variation of cardiovascular risk factors distribution. Methods: Pooled analysis with individual data from 11 studies conducted in the first decade of the 21st century. The average response rate was 73%. Lipid profile (with laboratory cross-validation), glucose level, blood pressure, waist circumference, height, and weight were measured and standard questionnaires administered. Age-standardized prevalence of smoking, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and obesity in the European population were calculated. Furthermore, the coefficient of variation between component studies was determined for the prevalence of each risk factor. Results: In total, 28,887 participants were included. The most prevalent cardiovascular risk factors were high blood pressure (47% in men, 39% in women), total cholesterol ≥250 mg/dL (43% and 40%, respectively), obesity (29% and 29%, respectively), tobacco use (33% and 21%, respectively), and diabetes (16% and 11%, respectively). Total cholesterol ≥190 and ≥250 mg/dL were the respective minimum and maximum coefficients of variation (7%-24% in men, 7%-26% in women). Average concordance in lipid measurements between laboratories was excellent. Conclusions: Prevalence of high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, obesity, tobacco use and diabetes is high. Little variation was observed between autonomous communities in the population aged 35-74 years. However, presence of the most prevalent cardiovascular risk factors in the Canary Islands, Extremadura and Andalusia was greater than the mean of the 11 studies. © 2010 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.


Marrugat J.,Instituto Municipal Of Investigacion Medica | Vila J.,Instituto Municipal Of Investigacion Medica | Baena-Diez J.M.,Instituto Municipal Of Investigacion Medica | Baena-Diez J.M.,Institute Catala Of La Salut | And 10 more authors.
Revista Espanola de Cardiologia | Year: 2011

Introduction and objectives: Cardiovascular risk screening requires accurate risk functions. The relative validity of the Framingham-based REGICOR adapted function is analyzed and the population distribution of cardiovascular 10-year cardiovascular events is described by risk group. Methods: A population cohort of 3856 participants recruited between 1995 and 2000, aged 35 to 74 years from Girona without symptoms of cardiovascular diseases, was followed between 2006 and 2009. Standardized laboratory and blood pressure measurements, questionnaires, and case definitions were used. The follow-up combined cross-linkage of our databases with our regional mortality registry, reexamination, and telephone contact with participants. Coronary disease endpoints alone were considered. Results: A total of 27 487 person-years were obtained (mean follow-up 7.1 years), and the follow-up was achieved in 97% of participants (120 coronary disease events). Validity was good: the regression coefficients estimated with the cohort data did not differ from those obtained in the original Framingham function. Function calibration was good: the observed incidence of cardiovascular events in the decile groups of risk did not differ from the function prediction (P = .127 in women, and P = .054 in men). The C statistic (discrimination) was 0.82 (95% confidence interval, 0.76-0.88) in women, and 0.78 (95% confidence interval, 0.73-0.83) in men. More than 50% of cardiovascular events occurred in participants whose 10-year risk was 5% to 14.9%. Conclusions: The studied function accurately predicts coronary disease events at 10 years. Risk stratification could be simplified in 4 groups: low (<5%), moderate (5%-9.9%), high (10%-14.9%) and very high (≥15%). © 2010 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.


Cabrera De Leon A.,Hospital Universitario Nuestra Senora Of Candelaria | Cabrera De Leon A.,University of La Laguna | Sanz H.,Instituto Municipal Of Investigacion Medica | Elosua R.,Instituto Municipal Of Investigacion Medica | And 11 more authors.
Revista Espanola de Cardiologia | Year: 2012

Introduction and objectives: To update the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and associated coronary risk in Spain, using the harmonized definition and the new World Health Organization proposal (metabolic premorbid syndrome), which excludes diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Methods: Individual data pooled analysis study of 24 670 individuals from 10 autonomous communities aged 35 to 74 years. Coronary risk was estimated using the REGICOR function. Results: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 31% (women 29% [95% confidence interval, 25%-33%], men 32% [95% confidence interval, 29%-35%]). High blood glucose (P=.019) and triglycerides (P<.001) were more frequent in men with metabolic syndrome, but abdominal obesity (P<.001) and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (P=.001) predominated in women. Individuals with metabolic syndrome showed moderate coronary risk (8% men, 5% women), although values were higher (P<.001) than in the population without the syndrome (4% men, 2% women). Women and men with metabolic syndrome had 2.5 and 2 times higher levels of coronary risk, respectively (P<.001). Prevalence of metabolic premorbid syndrome was 24% and the increase in coronary risk was also proportionately larger in women than in men (2 vs 1.5, respectively; P<.001). Conclusions: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome is 31%; metabolic premorbid syndrome lowers this prevalence to 24% and delimits the population for primary prevention. The increase in coronary risk is proportionally larger in women, in both metabolic syndrome and metabolic premorbid syndrome. 2011 Sociedad Española de Cardiolog?́a. Published by Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.


Lopez-Miranda J.,Sofia University | Perez-Jimenez F.,Sofia University | De Caterina R.,University of Chieti Pescara | Badimon L.,CSIC | And 42 more authors.
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases | Year: 2010

Olive oil (OO) is the most representative food of the traditional Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet). Increasing evidence suggests that monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) as a nutrient, OO as a food, and the MedDiet as a food pattern are associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and hypertension. A MedDiet rich in OO and OO per se has been shown to improve cardiovascular risk factors, such as lipid profiles, blood pressure, postprandial hyperlipidemia, endothelial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and antithrombotic profiles. Some of these beneficial effects can be attributed to the OO minor components. Therefore, the definition of the MedDiet should include OO. Phenolic compounds in OO have shown antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, prevent lipoperoxidation, induce favorable changes of lipid profile, improve endothelial function, and disclose antithrombotic properties. Observational studies from Mediterranean cohorts have suggested that dietary MUFA may be protective against age-related cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease. Recent studies consistently support the concept that the OO-rich MedDiet is compatible with healthier aging and increased longevity. In countries where the population adheres to the MedDiet, such as Spain, Greece and Italy, and OO is the principal source of fat, rates of cancer incidence are lower than in northern European countries. Experimental and human cellular studies have provided new evidence on the potential protective effect of OO on cancer. Furthermore, results of case-control and cohort studies suggest that MUFA intake including OO is associated with a reduction in cancer risk (mainly breast, colorectal and prostate cancers). © 2009 Elsevier B.V.


Alameda F.,Hospital del Mar | Alameda F.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | Alameda F.,Instituto Municipal Of Investigacion Medica | Mancebo G.,Autonomous University of Barcelona | And 16 more authors.
Revista Espanola de Patologia | Year: 2014

Background: Tyrosine-kinase receptors are frequently activated in malignant human tumours. This activation results in high levels of proliferation, migration, dedifferentiation, dissemination and resistance to apoptosis of the tumour cells. Alterations in the following signalling pathways related to ErbB/HER: RAS-RAF-ERK, PIK3-AKT, MAPK, and NFKB have been described. Studying these signaling pathways could help identify more aggressive tumours and thus provide information about potential changes in therapy. Material and methods: We performed an immunohistochemical study of EGFR, p-EGFR, p38, p-ERK. 1/2, JNK, p-AKT, p65, p50, p52, relB, c-Rel and MAPK-1 in 32 infiltrating squamous cell carcinomas of the uterine cervix using a tissue array. Results: Only p-ERK immunoexpression correlated with the stage of the disease (. P<. .001) and the relapse (. P<. .001). Furthermore, the MKP1 immunoexpression inversely correlated with the immunoexpression of p-JNK (. P= .036) and p-p38 (. P= .011) levels, thereby indicating that MKP1 could exert anti-apoptotic activity. This hypothesis has been further reinforced by the recently reported correlation between MKP detection and poor response to treatment (chemo- and radiotherapy). Conclusions: Our observations indicate that more aggressive tumours show higher p-ERK and MKP1 immunoexpression and lower levels of p-JNK and p-p38 immunoexpression, the latter two favour tumour resistance to chemotherapy. p-ERK and MKP1 immunoexpression could serve as prognostic factors and therapeutic targets for these tumours. © 2013 SEAP y SEC.


Quesada R.,Instituto Municipal Of Investigacion Medica | Burdio F.,Hospital Del Mar | Iglesias M.,Hospital Del Mar | Dorcaratto D.,Instituto Municipal Of Investigacion Medica | And 7 more authors.
Pancreas | Year: 2014

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the pancreas and subsequent transection of the main pancreatic duct may avoid the risk of both necrotizing pancreatitis and postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) formation. Methods: Thirty-two rats were subjected to RFA and section of the pancreas over their portal vein. Animals were killed at 3, 7, 15, and 21 days (groups 0-3, respectively). Two additional control groups (sham operation and user manipulation only, respectively) of 15 days of postoperative period were considered. Postoperative complications, histological changes (including morphometric and immunohistochemical analysis), and incidence of POPF were evaluated. Results: A significant increase in serum amylase levels (P < 0.05) on the third postoperative day, which return to baseline levels in the following weeks, was noted in groups 0 to 3. Those groups showed a rapid atrophy of the distal pancreas by apoptosis with no signs of necrotizing pancreatitis or POPF. The distal pancreas in groups 1 to 3 compared with group 0 and control groups showed a significant increase of small islets (<1000 μm). Conclusions: The rapid acinar atrophy of the distal pancreas after RFA and section of the pancreatic ducts in this model does not lead to necrotizing pancreatitis. Copyright © 2014 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


PubMed | Instituto Municipal Of Investigacion Medica
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Revista espanola de cardiologia | Year: 2011

To estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in individuals aged 35-74 years in 10 of Spains autonomous communities and determine the geographic variation of cardiovascular risk factors distribution.Pooled analysis with individual data from 11 studies conducted in the first decade of the 21st century. The average response rate was 73%. Lipid profile (with laboratory cross-validation), glucose level, blood pressure, waist circumference, height, and weight were measured and standard questionnaires administered. Age-standardized prevalence of smoking, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and obesity in the European population were calculated. Furthermore, the coefficient of variation between component studies was determined for the prevalence of each risk factor.In total, 28,887 participants were included. The most prevalent cardiovascular risk factors were high blood pressure (47% in men, 39% in women), total cholesterol 250 mg/dL (43% and 40%, respectively), obesity (29% and 29%, respectively), tobacco use (33% and 21%, respectively), and diabetes (16% and 11%, respectively). Total cholesterol 190 and 250 mg/dL were the respective minimum and maximum coefficients of variation (7%-24% in men, 7%-26% in women). Average concordance in lipid measurements between laboratories was excellent.Prevalence of high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, obesity, tobacco use and diabetes is high. Little variation was observed between autonomous communities in the population aged 35-74 years. However, presence of the most prevalent cardiovascular risk factors in the Canary Islands, Extremadura and Andalusia was greater than the mean of the 11 studies.

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