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Perez-Hernandez J.,Instituto Mexicano Del Seguro Social IMSS and 1 | Perez-Hernandez J.,Metropolitan Autonomous University | Gonzalez-Cortazar M.,Instituto Mexicano Del Seguro Social IMSS and 1 | Marquina S.,Autonomous University of the State of Morelos | And 5 more authors.
Planta Medica | Year: 2014

Sphaeralcea angustifolia, an endangered plant species in Mexico, is employed to treat inflammatory processes and as a wound healing remedy. Scopoletin (1) was reported as one of the main bioactive compounds in this plant. Here, we isolated and identified compounds with anti-inflammatory properties from the suspension-cultured cells of S. angustifolia. The CH 2Cl2 : CH3OH extract of the cells exhibited anti-inflammatory properties in acute inflammation models. Two compounds were isolated, 5-hydroxy-6,7-dimethoxycoumarin, named tomentin (2), and 2-(1,8-dihydroxy-4-isopropyl-6-methyl-7-methoxy)-naphthoic acid, denominated as sphaeralcic acid (3). Their structures were determined by spectroscopic and spectrometric analyses. The anti-inflammatory effects of both compounds were also evaluated. At a dose of 45 mg/kg, compound 2 inhibited the formation of λ-carrageenan footpad edema at 58 %, and compound 3 at 66 %. Local application of compound 2 (225 mM per ear) or 3 (174 mM per ear) inhibited the phorbol ester-induced auricular edema formation by 57 % or 86 %, respectively. The effect of compound 3 was dose-dependent and the ED50 was 93 mM. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

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