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Velazquez J.R.,Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Clinical reviews in allergy & immunology | Year: 2011

The development of the allergic airway disease conveys several cell types, such as T-cells, eosinophils, mast cells, and dendritic cells, which act in a special and temporal synchronization. Cellular mobilization and its complex interactions are coordinated by a broad range of bioactive mediators known as chemokines. These molecules are an increasing family of small proteins with common structural motifs and play an important role in the recruitment and cell activation of both leukocytes and resident cells at the allergic inflammatory site via their receptors. Trafficking and recruitment of cell populations with specific chemokines receptors assure the presence of reactive allergen-specific T-cells in the lung, and therefore the establishment of an allergic inflammatory process. Different approaches directed against chemokines receptors have been developed during the last decades with promising therapeutic results in the treatment of asthma. In this review we explore the role of the chemokines and chemokine receptors in allergy and asthma and discuss their potential as targets for therapy.

Gil-Velazquez L.E.,Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Revista médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social | Year: 2013

Our objective was to develop a guide based on the best available evidence that allow family physicians to establish criteria for screening, diagnosis, prevention, treatment of disease, early detection and management of complications; to standardize the organizing processes of the diabetic patient's care in the primary care level; and to achieve lifestyle modification for patients and promote self-care. Clinical questions were stated according to the diagram and structured patient-intervention-comparison-outcome. We used a mixed methodology-adoption adjustment, and include 32 guides. For recommendations not included in these, the search process was conducted in PubMed and Cochrane Library Plus with these terms: diabetes mellitus type 2, epidemiology, detection and diagnosis, classification, drug therapy, effects, prevention, control and complication. The clinical practice guideline emphasizes the fundamental change in lifestyle (diet and exercise), self-care and proactive participation of the patient, in addition to the dynamic prescription of medications that would achieve metabolic control in order to reduce late complications.

Suarez Moreno R.M.,Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Cirugia y cirujanos | Year: 2010

Intestinal lipomatosis is a rare disease with an incidence at autopsy ranging from 0.04 to 4.5%. Few cases have been reported in the medical literature. The condition is usually asymptomatic. Symptomatic cases usually present as obstruction or, less frequently, as bleeding. Intestinal barium studies, ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) are useful diagnostic techniques. A 51-year-old male was evaluated for progressive abdominal pain, tachycardia, headache and nausea. One year before this examination, he was evaluated for gastrointestinal bleeding. Abdominal CT with contrast enhancement demonstrated multiple submucosal masses in stomach and small bowel. CT and barium examination features were typical of lipomas. No specific treatment, invasive procedures or surgery were performed for the asymptomatic intestinal lipomas. The patient has remained symptom-free for 1 year. Benign tumors of the small bowel are relatively rare, with lipoma being the most common type. The case reported here is considered to be unusual because stomach, duodenum, jejunum and ileum were affected. Lipomas are usually seen as smooth, nonulcerated filling defects. With these typical radiographic findings, preoperative diagnosis is possible keeping in mind this rare disease.

Allergies have been described as protective factors against the development of childhood acute leukaemia (AL). Our objective was to investigate the associations between allergy history and the development of AL and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) in children with Down syndrome (DS). A case-control study was performed in Mexico City. The cases (n=97) were diagnosed at nine public hospitals, and the controls (n=222) were recruited at institutions for children with DS. Odds ratios (OR) were calculated. Asthma was positively associated with AL development (OR=4.18; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.47-11.87), whereas skin allergies were negatively associated (OR=0.42; 95% CI: 0.20-0.91). Our findings suggest that allergies and AL in children with DS share biological and immune mechanisms. To our knowledge, this is the first study reporting associations between allergies and AL in children with DS.

Gonzalez-Espinoza L.,Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association | Year: 2012

The aim of this study was to compare the effect of pentoxifylline versus placebo on serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin 6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) of hemodialysis (HD) patients. This is a randomized double-blind, controlled clinical trial. HD patients without infection or drugs with anti-inflammatory effect were randomly allocated to a study (n = 18, pentoxifylline 400 mg/day) or control (n = 18, placebo) group; all patients had arteriovenous fistula. Besides clinical and laboratory monthly assessments, serum TNF-α and IL-6 (ELISA) and CRP (nephelometry) were measured at 0, 2 and 4 months. All the inflammation markers significantly (P < 0.05) decreased in the pentoxifylline group: TNF-α [baseline 0.4 (0-2) versus final 0 (0-0) pg/mL], IL-6 [baseline 9.4 (5-14) versus final 2.9 (2-5) pg/mL] and CRP [baseline 7.1 (3-20) versus final 2.6 (1-8) mg/L], whereas no significant changes were observed in the placebo group: TNF-α [baseline 0 (0-0) versus final 1.2 (0-4) pg/mL], IL-6 [baseline 8.0 (5-11) versus final 8.7 (4-11) pg/mL] and CRP [baseline 4.5 (2-9) versus final 3.8 (3-23) mg/L]. Pentoxifylline significantly decreased serum concentrations of TNF-α, IL-6 and CRP compared to placebo. Pentoxifylline could be a promising and useful strategy to reduce the systemic inflammation frequently observed in patients on HD.

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