Lozano D.,Instituto Of Investigacion Sanitaria Fundacion Jimenez Diaz |
Feito M.J.,Complutense University of Madrid |
Portal-Nunez S.,Instituto Of Investigacion Sanitaria Fundacion Jimenez Diaz |
Lozano R.M.,CSIC - Biological Research Center |
And 5 more authors.
Si-doped hydroxyapatite (Si-HA) is a suitable ceramic for the controlled release of agents to improve bone repair. We recently showed that parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) (107-111) (osteostatin) has remarkable osteogenic features in various in vitro and in vivo systems. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 modulates osteoblastic function and induces angiogenesis, and can promote osteoblast adhesion and proliferation after immobilization on Si-HA. In the present study we examined whether osteostatin might improve the biological efficacy of FGF-2-coated Si-HA in osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells in vitro. We found that Si-HA/FGF-2 in the presence or absence of osteostatin (100 nM) similarly increased cell growth (by about 50%). However, addition of the latter peptide to Si-HA/FGF-2 significantly enhanced gene expression of Runx2, osteocalcin, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the VEGF receptors 1 and 2, without significantly affecting that of FGF receptors in these cells. Moreover, secreted VEGF in the MC3T3-E1 cell conditioned medium, which induced the proliferation of pig endothelial-like cells, was also enhanced by these combined factors. The synergistic action of osteostatin and Si-HA/FGF-2 on the VEGF system was abrogated by a mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitor (U0126) and by the calcium antagonist verapamil. This action was related to an enhancement of alkaline phosphatase activity and matrix mineralization in MC3T3-E1 cells, and also in primary human osteoblastic cells. These in vitro data show that osteostatin increases the osteogenic efficacy of a Si-HA/FGF-2 biomaterial by a mechanism involving mitogen-activated protein kinases and intracellular Ca 2+. These findings provide an attractive strategy for bone tissue engineering. © 2012 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source