Instituto Federal Sudeste Of Minas Gerais

Barbacena, Brazil

Instituto Federal Sudeste Of Minas Gerais

Barbacena, Brazil
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Cruz B.P.,Grande Rio University | Brongar L.F.,Grande Rio University | Popiolek P.,Grande Rio University | Goncalvez B.S.B.,Instituto Federal Sudeste Of Minas Gerais | And 5 more authors.
Transgenic Research | Year: 2017

In the present work it was demonstrated that transgenic Danio rerio overexpressing growth hormone (GH-transgenic) present either altered gene expression at a determined time point, or different expression pattern along the LD cycle, when compared with non-transgenic (NT) animals, in the positive and negative loops of the circadian system. Gene expression of clock paralogs was reduced in GH fish at the beginning of the dark phase, leading to diminished expression amplitude along the LD cycle. Furthermore, although no differences were observed between NT and GH animals for bmal1a and cry2b expression at each time point, only GH fish presented amplitude along the LD cycle. Also, the locomotor activity behavior was evaluated for both groups. GH-transgenic animals presented higher locomotor activity along the whole LD cycle when compared with NT animals. These data suggest that alterations in the gene expression patterns along the LD cycle of the positive and negative loops of the circadian system, could lead to altered locomotor activity behavior in GH-transgenic fish, and GH overexpression could be responsible for these alterations, either affecting the pathways involved in the expression of genes from the circadian system or altering the metabolism. © 2017 Springer International Publishing AG


Melo P.R.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Goncalves B.S.B.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Goncalves B.S.B.,Instituto Federal Sudeste Of Minas Gerais | Menezes A.A.L.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Azevedo C.V.M.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
Physiology and Behavior | Year: 2016

In marmosets, a phase advancewas observed in activity onset in pubertal animals living in captivity under seminatural conditions which had stronger correlation with the times of sunrise over the course of the year than the age of the animal. In order to evaluate the effect of puberty on the circadian activity rhythm in male and female marmosets living in family groups in controlled lighting conditions, the activity of 5 dyads of twins (4 ?/?and 1 ?/?) and their respective parents was continuously monitored by actiwatches between the 4th and 12th months of age. The families were kept under LD 12:12 h with constant humidity and temperature. The onset of puberty was identified by monitoring fecal steroids. Juveniles showed higher totals of daily activity and differences in the daily distribution of activity in relation to parents, in which the bimodal profile was characterized by higher levels in evening activity in relation to morning activity. Regarding the phase, the activity onset and offset, occurred later in relation to parents. After entering puberty, the activity onset and offset occurred later and there was an increase in total daily activity. On the other hand, when assessing the effect of sex, only females showed a delay in the activity offset and an increase in total daily activity. Therefore, the circadian activity rhythmin marmosets has peculiar characteristics in the juvenile stage in relation to the total of daily activity, the onset and offset of the active phase, and the distribution of activity during this phase. Besides, the entering puberty was associated with a phase delay and increase on total daily activity, with differences between sexes, possibly due to hormonal influences and/or social modulation on rhythm. © 2015 Elsevier Inc.


Goncalves B.S.B.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Goncalves B.S.B.,Instituto Federal Sudeste Of Minas Gerais | Adamowicz T.,Federal University of Paraná | Louzada F.M.,Federal University of Paraná | And 2 more authors.
Sleep Medicine Reviews | Year: 2015

Actimetry has been used to estimate the sleep-wake cycle instead of the rest-activity rhythm. Although algorithms for assessing sleep from actimetry data exist, it is useful to analyze the rest-activity rhythm using nonparametric methods. This would then allow rest-activity rhythm stability, fragmentation and amplitude to be quantified. In addition, sleep and wakefulness efficiency can be quantified separately. These variables have been used in studies analyzing the effect of age, diseases and their respective treatments on human circadian rhythmicity. In this study, we carried out a comprehensive analysis of the main results from published articles and devised a functional model of interaction among the several components involved in generating the sleep-wake cycle. The nonparametric variables render it possible to infer the main characteristics of circadian rhythms, such as synchronization with a zeitgeber, and its amplitude and robustness. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.


Castro J.,University of Sao Paulo | Zanini M.,University of Sao Paulo | Goncalves B.D.S.B.,Instituto Federal Sudeste Of Minas Gerais | Coelho F.M.S.,University of Sao Paulo | And 5 more authors.
Schizophrenia Research | Year: 2015

Background: At-risk mental states (ARMS) are clinical syndromes that are associated with higher risk, compared with the general population, for developing psychosis and bipolar disorder. Circadian rhythm misalignments have been proposed to be part of this early phase of the clinical course. Objective: To compare circadian rhythm of activity and rest changes between ARMS individuals and a healthy control group. Methods: Forty volunteers of both genders, aged between 13 and 27. years old, participated in this study (n= 20 ARMS group, and n= 20 healthy controls). The ARMS individuals were classified as ultra-high risk for psychosis according to the CAARMS (. Comprehensive Assessment of At-risk Mental State) or at high risk for bipolar disorder according to criteria proposed by Bechdolf and colleagues. Participants used an actigraph for fifteen days, kept a sleep diary, and completed the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and a Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire. Results: Compared with healthy volunteers, the ARMS group presented worse sleep quality (P= 0.010); longer nap durations (P= 0.038), shorter wake times (P= 0.001), higher total sleep times (P= 0.011), and shorter activity duration (P= 0.021), sleep rhythms were more fragmented, the circadian rest-activity rhythms were less synchronized with the dark-light cycle and had lower amplitudes of motor activity. Conclusion: The results suggest alterations in the circadian rest-activity rhythms (and likely in sleep-wake cycle patterns) in ARMS individuals compared with healthy controls. It is possible that circadian rhythms of activity and rest changes are one of the prodromal clinical and behavioral expressions of the brain changes that underlie ARMS individuals. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.


PubMed | Federal University of São Paulo, Instituto Federal Sudeste Of Minas Gerais and University of Sao Paulo
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Schizophrenia research | Year: 2015

At-risk mental states (ARMS) are clinical syndromes that are associated with higher risk, compared with the general population, for developing psychosis and bipolar disorder. Circadian rhythm misalignments have been proposed to be part of this early phase of the clinical course.To compare circadian rhythm of activity and rest changes between ARMS individuals and a healthy control group.Forty volunteers of both genders, aged between 13 and 27years old, participated in this study (n=20 ARMS group, and n=20 healthy controls). The ARMS individuals were classified as ultra-high risk for psychosis according to the CAARMS (Comprehensive Assessment of At-risk Mental State) or at high risk for bipolar disorder according to criteria proposed by Bechdolf and colleagues. Participants used an actigraph for fifteen days, kept a sleep diary, and completed the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and a Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire.Compared with healthy volunteers, the ARMS group presented worse sleep quality (P=0.010); longer nap durations (P=0.038), shorter wake times (P=0.001), higher total sleep times (P=0.011), and shorter activity duration (P=0.021), sleep rhythms were more fragmented, the circadian rest-activity rhythms were less synchronized with the dark-light cycle and had lower amplitudes of motor activity.The results suggest alterations in the circadian rest-activity rhythms (and likely in sleep-wake cycle patterns) in ARMS individuals compared with healthy controls. It is possible that circadian rhythms of activity and rest changes are one of the prodromal clinical and behavioral expressions of the brain changes that underlie ARMS individuals.


Paiva A.P.,Instituto Federal Sudeste Of Minas Gerais | de Piccolo M.B.F.,Federal University of Lavras | de Ribeiro J.P.A.,Instituto Federal IF | Ferreira E.B.,Federal University of Alfenas | Ciabotti S.,Instituto Federal Sudeste Of Minas Gerais
Ciencia e Agrotecnologia | Year: 2012

Food bars are products obtained from the union of a number of components, standing out in the snack category due to their portability attribute with a focus on convenience and health. Utilization of by-products and agroindustrial food waste as ingredients in the making of food bars is highly important due to the utilization of leftovers of marked nutritional and functional value and decrease of the production cost. This work intended to evaluate the chemical and physicochemical aspects of food bars made with the by-products broken rice (BR) and pequi nut (PN), soybean extract residue (SER), and pineapple waste (PW). Distinct proportions of BR: SER respectively were used, amounting to five treatments: 1:0 (A); 3:1 (B); 1:1 (C); 1:3 (D) and 0:1(E) and fixed amounts of the other components. For the statistical analysis, variance analysis and the Tukey test were performed to 5% significance. The moisture, protein, lipid, ash, mineral, and dietary fiber contents were directly increased as the SER was increased and the amount of BR was decreased. However, the opposite was found with both carbohydrates and calories. The soluble solids, pH and water activity values presented increases with the increased soybean extract residue. All the treatments presented slightly acidic pH and water activity bellow 0.6, favoring microbiological safety. In the chemical score, treatment A presented lysine as the limiting aminoacid in relation to the Food and Agriculture Organization - FAO/WHO reference (1990). The food bars can be considered rich in dietary fiber and with considerable nutritional support. Treatments D and E proved better in the set of the variables studied for human consumption.


Lianda R.L.P.,Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro | Lianda R.L.P.,Instituto Federal Sudeste Of Minas Gerais | Sant'ana L.D.,Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro | Echevarria A.,Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro | Castro R.N.,Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro
Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society | Year: 2012

The antioxidant activities and total polyphenolic content of five multifloral and four orange blossom Brazilian honey samples and their phenolic extracts were investigated. Identification and quantification of phenolic compounds were carried out by HPLC-DAD (high-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection). The radical scavenging activities, determined with 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH •) and expressed as EC 50, ranged from 10.81 to 52.64 mg mL -1 for honey and 6.17 to 52.87 mg mL -1 for the extracts. The extract antioxidant activities were also determined by 2,2'-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS) and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays, and the results varied from 46.53 to 383.49 mmol TE 100 g -1 and 34.99 to 408.14 mol Fe(II) 100 g -1, respectively. It was also evaluated the total phenolic and flavonoid contents by the Folin-Denis and aluminum chloride methods, respectively. Antioxidant activities and total phenolic contents were found to be highly correlated. © 2012 Sociedade Brasileira de Química.


Wolff G.,Federal University of Lavras | Pereira G.C.,Federal University of Lavras | Pereira G.C.,Instituto Federal Sudeste Of Minas Gerais | Castro E.M.,Federal University of Lavras | And 2 more authors.
Brazilian Journal of Biology | Year: 2012

This study shows, in a multiple-level approach, the responses of Salvinia auriculata to Cd pollution in aquatic ecosystems. S. auriculata ramets were cultivated in nutrient solution and subjected to five treatments with Cd for ten days. At the end of the experiment, the number of new ramets and the dry biomass were determined. For ultrastructural observations, the leaves of S. auriculata were analyzed using a scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope. At the end of the experiment, the plants exposed to Cd showed damage in the leaves including necrosis and chlorosis, stomate deformations and damaged trichomes. We observed a decrease in the number of new ramets and dry biomass of S. auriculata following the increase in Cd concentration in the solution. At the ultrastructural level, leaves exposed to Cd presented chloroplast deformations and deterioration in the cell wall. All the symptoms of toxicity were directly proportionate to the concentration of Cd in the solution. The results suggests that S. auriculata shows good potential for use as a bioindicator and it can be used in the biomonitoring of aquatic ecosystems contaminated by Cd.


Melo P.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Goncalves B.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Goncalves B.,Instituto Federal Sudeste Of Minas Gerais | Menezes A.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Azevedo C.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
Chronobiology International | Year: 2013

Synchronized state of activity and rest might be attained by mechanisms of entrainment and masking. Most zeitgebers not only act to entrain but also to mask circadian rhythms. Although the light-dark (LD) cycle is the main zeitgeber of circadian rhythms in marmosets, social cues can act as weaker zeitgebers. Evidence on the effects of social entrainment in marmosets has been collected in isolated animals or in pairs where activity is not individually recorded. To characterize the synchronization between the daily activity profiles of individuals in groups under LD conditions, the motor activity of animals from five groups was continuously monitored using actiwatches for 15 days during the 5th, 8th, and 11th months of life of juveniles. Families consisting of twins (4 ♂♀/1 ♂♂) and their parents were maintained under controlled lighting (LD 12:12 h), temperature, and humidity conditions. Synchronization was evaluated through the synchrony between the circadian activity profiles obtained from the Pearson correlation index between possible pairs of activity profiles in the light and dark phases. We also calculated the phase-angle differences between the activity onset of one animal in relation to the activity onset of each animal in the group (ψon). A similar procedure was performed for activity offset (ψoff). By visual analysis, the correlation between the activity profiles of individuals within each family was stronger than that of individuals from different families. A mixed-model analysis showed that within the group, the correlation was stronger between twins than between twins and their parents in all families, except for the family in which both juveniles were males. Because a twin is an important social partner for juveniles, a sibling is likely to have a stronger influence on its twin's activity rhythm than other family members. Considering only the light phase, the second strongest correlation was observed between the activity profiles of the individuals in the reproductive pair. Regarding the parameters ψon and ψoff, the juvenile/juvenile dyad had lower values than the other dyads, but these differences did not reach statistical significance in relation to all dyads. Comparing the results of the ψon and ψoff, and correlation indices, we suggest that the latter could detect differences between the animals that were not observed in the results of the phase-angle differences. These differences could be related to changes that occur during the active phase but not only in a particular phase, such as the temporal changes during the activity phase that characterize unimodal or bimodal patterns. Based on the differences in the correlations between individuals subjected to the same LD routine, we suggest that social cues modulate the circadian activity profiles of marmosets as a result of interactions between the animals within each group. Future studies are necessary to characterize the mechanisms of synchronization that are involved in this social modulation. (Author correspondence: carolina@cb.ufrn.br) © 2013 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.


Goncalves B.S.B.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Goncalves B.S.B.,Instituto Federal Sudeste Of Minas Gerais | Cavalcanti P.R.A.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | Tavares G.R.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte | And 2 more authors.
Sleep Science | Year: 2014

Circadian rhythmicity in humans has been well studied using actigraphy, a method of measuring gross motor movement. As actigraphic technology continues to evolve, it is important for data analysis to keep pace with new variables and features. Our objective is to study the behavior of two variables, interdaily stability and intradaily variability, to describe rest activity rhythm. Simulated data and actigraphy data of humans, rats, and marmosets were used in this study. We modified the method of calculation for IV and IS by modifying the time intervals of analysis. For each variable, we calculated the average value (IVm and ISm) results for each time interval. Simulated data showed that (1) synchronization analysis depends on sample size, and (2) fragmentation is independent of the amplitude of the generated noise. We were able to obtain a significant difference in the fragmentation patterns of stroke patients using an IVm variable, while the variable IV60 was not identified. Rhythmic synchronization of activity and rest was significantly higher in young than adults with Parkinson's when using the ISM variable; however, this difference was not seen using IS60. We propose an updated format to calculate rhythmic fragmentation, including two additional optional variables. These alternative methods of nonparametric analysis aim to more precisely detect sleep-wake cycle fragmentation and synchronization. © 2014 FLASS. All rights reserved.

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