Instituto Federal Of Alagoas Ifal

Satuba, Brazil

Instituto Federal Of Alagoas Ifal

Satuba, Brazil
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Pinto L.G.Q.,National University of Colombia | Pezzato L.E.,São Paulo State University | Gamboa B.S.P.,Gobernacion de Cundinamarca | Araujo D.M.,Instituto Federal Of Alagoas Ifal
Boletim do Instituto de Pesca | Year: 2017

Apparent digestibility of nutrients in several protein ingredients and inorganic phosphates were compared in three Nile tilapia different development stage. The ingredients tested were fish meal, chicken by-product meal, meat and bone meal, corn gluten, soybean meal, cotton seed meal, mono-bi-calcium phosphate, bi-calcium phosphate, mono-potassium phosphate and phosphoric acid. The apparent digestibility coefficients of dry matter, crude protein, gross energy, phosphorus, calcium and magnesium were determined with 25g, 250g and 500g fish. It was concluded that, the capacity of Nile tilapia to digesting feed and absorbing nutrients is dependent on the body weight and characteristics of food evaluated. There was a trend to better utilization of nutrients from animal origin foods and inorganic sources by 25g fish. The fishes with 250g and 500g showed better use of plant protein sources than 25g fish. © 2017, Instituto de Pesca. All rights reserved.

Silva S.A.,Federal University of Alagoas | Gama J.A.S.,Instituto Federal Of Alagoas Ifal | Callado N.H.,University of Sao Paulo | de Souza V.C.B.,Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul
Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental | Year: 2017

Urban watersheds have a rather complex reality with regard to water quality, usually as a result from the lack of sanitation services, with direct consequence on the health of population. Reginaldo creek bay in Maceió, Alagoas, has great spatial variation in the patterns of basic sanitation providing and, thus, great variation in environmental health indicators which impact in the incidence of waterborne diseases. This study aims to correlate the occurrence and incidence of waterborne diseases with the Environmental Health Index (ISA). The ISA index used is based on the occurrence, magnitude and extent of flooding and on the quality and scope of the provision of water supply, sanitation services and solid waste collection. Results indicate a relationship between ISA and the incidence of specific diseases (related to a particular ISA component), but they also show that results are substantially affected by spatial resolution of data and the methodology for obtaining primary indicators. It was also observed that the method to obtain and classify spatial data is crucial to identify the relations between each sanitation component and the incidence of a specific disease, as well as their spatial extent. Within the area studied, most diagnosis are attributed to dengue, hepatitis and leptospirosis, especially dengue over the others. Results were mapped in the studied area by census tract. © 2017, ABES - Associacao Brasileira de Engenharia Sanitaria e Ambiental. All rights reserved.

Moraes E.C.,Instituto Federal Of Alagoas Ifal | Moraes E.C.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Brito K.,Federal University of Pernambuco | Meira S.,Federal University of Pernambuco
Procedia Computer Science | Year: 2012

Today new researches create a considerable amount of knowledge and scientific expertise related to health problem. There is a need to constantly update their professional knowledge base that enable them to face the diversity and "adversity" of the health process in the daily routine. Within this wealth of information is almost impossible to less experienced health professionals store all specific knowledge of their areas, and there is still the problem of difficulty of fast and easy access to knowledge in health, because this knowledge is mainly internalized in people minds and are not explicitly organized and documented. The use of ontologies is a proposal to represent knowledge in a more rich and detailed way and is a very interesting way to share and reuse formally represented knowledge. Ontology is a representation that can be understood by humans and processed by computers; it is useful to define the common and mathematically based vocabulary in which shared knowledge is represented. This paper describes the development of an ontology to represent part of the Brazilian knowledge in the Primary Health Care and creates a semantic web system to serve as a basis for health professionals better control their routine activities and serves as an information source for health professionals. © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Galon L.,University Federal da Fronteira Sul | Tironi S.P.,Instituto Federal Of Alagoas Ifal | Silva A.A.,Federal University of Viçosa | Silva A.F.,Embrapa Milho e Sorgo | And 5 more authors.
Planta Daninha | Year: 2012

Chemical control is the main method used for weed management in sugarcane, with herbicides being usually applied in post-emergence. In some cases, serious toxicity is reported following herbicide application. To reduce the problem of injuries caused by herbicides to sugarcane, the doses used may be reduced to below those recommended in the label, with satisfactory control of the weed community still being obtained, when applied under appropriate environmental conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency and toxicity caused by doses ranging from zero to those recommended in the label of the herbicide mixture {(diuron + hexazinone) + MSMA} applied on the sugarcane variety RB867515, as well as on the weed species Brachiaria brizantha. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized block design, with four replications. Treatments were allocated in a factorial design (6 x 3), with factor A being the herbicide (0.0, 50.0, 62.5, 75.0, 87.5 and 100.0% of the commercial dose): diuron + hexazinone (1,20 kg ha-1) and MSMA (1,44 kg ha-1), applied in combination; and factor B, the times of application of these herbicides, as follows: two to three leaves; four to five leaves and six to seven fully-expanded leaves, corresponding to the two- to four- leaf stages, 6 leaves to one tiller and one to four tillers of the weed species, respectively. At 7, 21, 35, and 49 days after herbicide application, visual analyses of intoxication and control of B. brizantha were carried out, as well as crop yield estimation, 12 months after planting. Considering the situations evaluated, the control of B. brizantha ranged between 50 and 100%, with higher control levels at the higher herbicide doses. The best control of B. brizantha throughout the crop cycle was found to occur when treatments were applied at the two- to- four-leaf stage of the weed species. Toxicity to the crop increased as the doses of {(diuron + hexazinone) + MSMA} increased in all evaluation times, with higher toxicity being observed when the herbicide mixture was applied at the most active growth stages of the crop, leading to lower crop yields.

Leite G.,Instituto Federal Of Sergipe Ifs | De Jesus T.O.,Instituto Federal Of Alagoas Ifal | De Macedo D.D.J.,Federal University of Santa Catarina | Do Nascimento R.P.C.,Federal University of Sergipe
2016 8th Euro American Conference on Telematics and Information Systems, EATIS 2016 | Year: 2016

As a result of population growth in large cities face everyday problems related to urban mobility such as congestion, quality of urban roads and inefficiency of public transport. Intelligent transport systems initiatives act as an efficient solution to improve the functioning and performance of traffic systems, reducing congestion and increasing safety for citizens. However, due to the inclusion of different and distributed information sources on urban mobility, interoperability of the various technologies involved and the retention of these data are challenges that involve complex and costly efforts to governments and businesses. Thus, this article presents a proposal for georeferenced data retention architecture of Intelligent Transportation System in order to store this information georeferenced urban mobility in order to allow perform these activities more easily, and to promote interoperability between various applications. Therefore, the proposal was i9ITS architecture based on Service Oriented Architecture. It conducted a case study related to building an application that uses the i9ITS architecture for a taxi service company with real data. The use of this architecture proved to be effective and efficient to meet the proposed problem, as well as other possibilities to meet the demands and challenges related to Intelligent Transportation System. © 2016 IEEE.

Froehlich A.,Instituto Federal Of Alagoas Ifal | Franco B.D.G.M.,University of Sao Paulo | Destro M.T.,University of Sao Paulo | Landgraf M.,University of Sao Paulo
Ciencia e Agrotecnologia | Year: 2015

Eggs and their products have been implicated in food-borne disease outbreaks due to contamination with Salmonella Enteritidis. Irradiation, as a food preservation technology, could minimize such contamination. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of irradiation in powdered egg yolk, egg white, and whole egg samples spiked with Salmonella Enteritidis. The powdered egg samples were exposed to doses of 0.5, 1.0, 1.0, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, or 4.0 kGy irradiation. Odors and tastes of raw and cooked non-inoculated, irradiated samples, and non-irradiated samples, were analyzed by a trained panel. A dose of 2.0 kGy resulted in slight to moderate changes in powdered egg yolk samples, compared to non-irradiated controls, while minimal differences were observed in powdered egg white samples. The dose of 3.5 kGy, when applied to samples of powdered egg white, resulted in taste and odor slightly stronger than the non-irradiated control. The maximum irradiation threshold before changes in flavor and odor occurred was 2.28 kGy, for powdered yolk and whole eggs, and 2.58 kGy, for powdered egg white. Those thresholds were enough to reduce S. Enteritidis to safe levels. © 2015, Federal University of Lavras. All rights reserved.

Araujo D.M.,Instituto Federal Of Alagoas Ifal | Fernandes Junior A.C.,São Paulo State University | Teixeira C.P.,São Paulo State University | Pezzato L.E.,São Paulo State University | Barros M.M.,São Paulo State University
Revista Caatinga | Year: 2015

The goal of this paper was to determine the effects of seven diets with differents fatty acids sources in hematology of Nile tilapia before and after cold stimulus. Seven diets, with 3% of fatty acid source, were formulated: soybean oil (OS); fish oil (OP); beef tallow (SB) and mixtures of OS+OP; OS+SB; OP+SB e OS+OP+SB. Fish (112 male of Nile tilapia of 30,0 ± 2,65g) were totally randomly distributed, with four repli-cates, into 28 plastic aquaria (40 L; 4 fish per aquarium). Fish were fed four times per day for 35 days. At 35th day and also after seven days cold stimulus blood was collected and the profile hematological was evaluated. Leucocytes numbers were reduced in fish fed a SB and fish oil combination diet and were highest in fish fed SB diet before cold stimulus. Plasma protein was reduced in fish fed soybean oil diets and highest in fishes fed a combination of soybean oil, fish oil and SB diets. Anything fatty acids source promotes effective changes in fish health and cold tolerance promotion. Cold don’t drastically reduced fish general health status. © 2015, Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Arid. All rights reserved.

Maia S.M.F.,Instituto Federal Of Alagoas Ifal | Maia S.M.F.,Ohio State University | Carvalho J.L.N.,CTBE - Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory | Cerri C.E.P.,University of Sao Paulo | And 5 more authors.
Soil and Tillage Research | Year: 2013

The Brazilian Amazon and Cerrado are among the principal agricultural frontiers of the world, and have attracted global attention because of their potential to be a source or sink of atmospheric CO2. However, accurately quantifying alterations in soil organic carbon (SOC) due to land-use changes remains to be a major challenge. Using a meta-analysis, our objective was to evaluate tillage effects on SOC stocks in Brazil's Amazon and Cerrado biomes. Two approaches: (1) the classical SOC annual change rate which provides only an arithmetic average of SOC changes, and (2) the rate of annual change adjusted from management factors derived according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) SOC methodology, which allows a temporal dataset adjustment, were used. Regardless of approach, conservation technologies such as no-tillage (NT) and integrated crop-livestock (ICL) systems were identified as viable options for SOC sequestration, increasing it between 9 and 16%. One exception was adoption of NT in the Amazon forest, where SOC decreased by 9% over 20 years. Comparing results of the two approaches showed substantial differences between them. For conversions from NT to ICL or from native vegetation to full tillage (FT), the IPCC-based approach produced SOC stock estimates that were 65 and 47% lower, respectively, than with the classical approach. The IPCC approach also identified modeling covariate effects and was influenced less by outliers, thus reducing the risk of under or overestimating soil management effects on SOC. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Costa Junior C.,University of Sao Paulo | Cerri C.E.P.,University of Sao Paulo | Dorich C.D.,University of New Hampshire | Maia S.M.F.,Instituto Federal Of Alagoas Ifal | And 2 more authors.
Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change | Year: 2013

We conducted an inventory to estimate methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from beef cattle feedlot manure in Brazil for the year of 2010. The aim was to determine (CH4) and (N2O) emissions from beef cattle feedlot manure in Brazil using the IPCC United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change approach and present a framework that structures priority research for decreasing uncertainties and assessing mitigation scenarios. The analysis consisted of the use of specific farm-scale activity data applied to the 2006 (IPCC) guideline equations for animal manure management updated with specific parameters for Brazil conditions. Uncertainties were assessed by error-propagation technique. The results indicated that 376.6 GgCO2eq were emitted from the manure management of beef cattle feedlots in Brazil in 2010. Nitrous oxide accounted for 61 % of total emissions, out of which 69 % came from direct emissions. Uncertainties were high, comprising -30 to +80 %. Solid storage-heap and field application were the largest sources of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (81 % of total emissions) and held most of the variance in uncertainties. Although, due to limitations in the IPCC methodology for integrating GHG emissions at farm-scale, we could not account for emissions occurring from different lengths of time in each manure management compartment prior to field application. As a consequence, this GHG inventory lacks consistence. The use of more robust methodologies such as process-based models are recommended for improvements, however they are currently unavailable because there is a lack of key data for Brazil conditions for validating those models. Our literature revision shows that the most effective research for raising those data would track emissions from manure: generated from male Nellore (Bos Indicus) cattle fed for 90 days with a high-energy diet, removed only at the end of feeding period and held in heaps over 60 days before being applied to maize (Zea mays L.) cropping fields under clay soil. The proposed research and methodology approaches described in this work is required to establish a manure management emission assessment that will become more responsive to the changing practices on Brazilian beef cattle feedlots and, consequently, permitting implication of mitigation scenarios to be ascertained. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

We evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively the community structure of aquatic insects (Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera) in 19 streams in areas of Cerrado in the Paraguay, Paraná, and São Francisco river basins. The number of genera and taxonomic composition were compared at spatial (at the hydrographic basins level) and conservation levels (more preserved and less preserved areas). The influence of spatial and environmental factors in richness and abundance was also evaluated. The geographical distribution of Grumicha, Coryphorus, and Austrotinodes was expanded. The highest Trichoptera richness was found in the São Francisco river basin (F = 5,602, p = 0,004) and a higher number of Ephemeroptera genera occurred in the relatively less preserved sites (F = 6,835, p = 0,009). The pattern of genera distribution was different among basins (R = 0,0336, p = 0,001), but it was similar among relatively less and more preserved areas (R = -0,039, p = 0,737). These findings can be explained by the low impact level in these streams and also by the taxonomic resolution used in this study. Latitude and instream diversity were the most important factors to explain the variation in genera richness and abundance (p = 0.004 and p = 0.026, respectively). Hence, the regional differences can be attributed to spatial influences, quantity or quality of habitats and the original distribution of taxa within each basin.

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