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Álvares Machado, Brazil

de Carvalho S.J.P.,Instituto Federal Do Sul Of Minas Gerais | Dias A.C.R.,Pos graduandos em Fitotecnia | Minamiguchi M.H.,University of Sao Paulo | Nicolai M.,Pos graduandos em Fitotecnia | Christoffoleti P.J.,Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz
Revista Ceres

This work was carried out in field conditions with the objective of evaluating residual activity of herbicides recommended to sugarcane crop, when applied to the soil in the dry season. Treatments were organized according to split-plot scheme, where six herbicides were applied to the plots and three periods of product permanence in the soil (130 days, 70 days and control without application) were placed in the split-plots. Herbicide treatments were (g ha-1): amicarbazone at 1260; clomazone at 1250; hexazinone at 450; imazapic at 147; isoxaflutole at 187.5; and sulfentrazone at 900. Besides the natural weed community, cucumber, considered as bioindicator, was sown in the area for the evaluation of the product residual activity. The same herbicide molecule had different evaluation as a function of the species. The herbicides amicarbazone, hexazinone, isoxaflutole and sulfentrazone show positive properties for soil application in the dry season, such as high solubility, low Kow and low photodegradation. Pre-emergence application of imazapic had consistent efficacy in the dry season, controlling satisfactorily the cucumber and the natural weed community. Clomazone did not control the cucumber and the weed natural community. Source

Campos L.H.F.,University of Sao Paulo | Mello M.S.C.,University of Sao Paulo | Carvalho S.J.P.,Instituto Federal Do Sul Of Minas Gerais | Nicolai M.,University of Sao Paulo | Christoffoleti P.J.,University of Sao Paulo
Planta Daninha

This work aimed to evaluate the influence of sowing depth and soil cover conditions on the emergence of Merremia cissoides, Mucuna aterrima and Neonotonia wightii. Two experiments were carried out for each species. In the first experiment, the treatments were arranged in a factorial scheme 4 × 2, considering four sowing conditions (sown in the soil, and without straw;over the straw; under the straw and over the soil; and under the straw and sown in the soil) and two amounts of sugarcane straw (10 and 15 t ha -1). The treatments of the second experiment consisted of five levels of sowing depth (0, 20, 40, 60 and 80 mm). Seedling emergence was evaluated weekly up to 21 days after sowing (DAS). Higher emergence of M. cissoides and N. wightii was identified in the plots without straw and at lower depths of seed allocation in the soil. The species M. aterrima showed higher emergence in all treatments, proving to be highly adapted to the conditions of mechanized harvest and seed allocation. Source

Campos L.H.F.,University of Sao Paulo | Mello M.S.C.,University of Sao Paulo | Carvalho S.J.P.,Instituto Federal Do Sul Of Minas Gerais | Nicolai M.,University of Sao Paulo | Christoffoleti P.J.,University of Sao Paulo
Planta Daninha

This work aimed to evaluate the initial growth of three species of weed considered as emerging problems for sugarcane crop: Neonotonia wightii, Stizolobium aterrimum, and Merremia cissoides. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design, with seven treatments and four repetitions for each species studied. Seven growth evaluations (treatments) were carried out every 15 days, totaling a 105 day-cycle, followed by the analysis of the variables, such as leaf area (Af) given in (cm2 per plant). The sampled material was dried in an oven, with the dry mass (g per plant) of the roots (Mr), the shoot (Ma) and total (Mt) being measured. The biomass accumulation observed shows the high ability of S. aterrimum to produce biomass. At the end of the experiment, stabilization of the dry mass of the shoot (Ma) was observed for the three species, followed by the variable total dry mass (Mt) also showing stabilization at the end of the experiment. S. aterrimum presented the highest initial growth rate and total dry mass accumulation, besides the highest leaf area (Af). N. wightii presented slow initial growth, while M. cissoides showed a significant accumulation of total dry mass (Mt), compared with the other species. Source

Carvalho S.J.P.,Instituto Federal Do Sul Of Minas Gerais | Soares D.J.,Monsanto Corporation | Lopez-Ovejero R.F.,Monsanto Corporation | Christoffoleti P.J.,University of Sao Paulo
Planta Daninha

Two experiments were carried out to evaluate soil persistence of chlorimuron-ethyl and metsulfuron-methyl and phytotoxicity to corn seeded as a succeeding crop. One experiment was conducted with chlorimuron-ethyl applied at 20 g ha-1, and one with metsulfuron-methyl applied at 3.96 g ha-1. Treatments were arranged in a factorial design with two types of soil (sandy and clay), three irrigation regimes (daily, weekly and no irrigation) and four application timings (90, 60 and 30 days before corn seeding, as well as untreated plots). Soil persistence of the herbicides was influenced by water availability, molecule water solubility (leaching potential) and application timings prior to corn seeding. In sandy soil, with adequate water availability, leaching probably had the greatest influence, reducing the persistence of the products, and consequently allowing less time between product application and corn seeding. In clay soil, microbial degradation was probably more important, because it was assumed that the lesser time available for microorganism activity, the lesser the damage was observed for corn, as long as the crop had enough water availability. Metsulfuron-methyl was the least phytotoxic herbicide, possibly as a result of the properties of its molecule and its higher leaching potential. © 2015 Sociedade Brasileira da Ciencia das Plantas Daninha. All Rights Received. Source

Albinati J.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Pappa G.L.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Otero F.E.B.,University of Kent | Oliveira L.O.V.B.,Federal University of Minas Gerais | Oliveira L.O.V.B.,Instituto Federal Do Sul Of Minas Gerais
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)

This paper investigates the impact of geometric semantic crossover operators in a wide range of symbolic regression problems. First, it analyses the impact of using Manhattan and Euclidean distance geometric semantic crossovers in the learning process. Then, it proposes two strategies to numerically optimize the crossover mask based on mathematical properties of these operators, instead of simply generating them randomly. An experimental analysis comparing geometric semantic crossovers using Euclidean and Manhattan distances and the proposed strategies is performed in a test bed of twenty datasets. The results show that the use of different distance functions in the semantic geometric crossover has little impact on the test error, and that our optimized crossover masks yield slightly better results. For SGP practitioners, we suggest the use of the semantic crossover based on the Euclidean distance, as it achieved similar results to those obtained by more complex operators. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015. Source

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