Marta G.N.,Hospital Sirio Libanes |
Hanna S.A.,Hospital Sirio Libanes |
Gadia R.,Hospital Sirio Libanes |
Gadia R.,Oncology Center Instituto Do Cancer Do Estado Of Sao Paulo |
And 4 more authors.
International Braz J Urol | Year: 2012
The role of radiotherapy (RT) in the treatment of urinary bladder cancer has undergone several modifi cations along the last decades. In the beginning, defi nitive RT was used as treatment in an attempt to preserve the urinary bladder; however, the results were poor compared to those of radical surgery. Recently, many protocols have been developed supporting the use of multi-modality therapy, and the concept of organ preservation began to be reconsidered. Although phase III randomized clinical studies comparing radical cystectomy with bladder preservation therapies do not exist, the conservative treatment may present low toxicity and high indexes of complete response for selected patients. The aim of this study was to review the literature on the subject in order to situate RT in the current treatment of urinary bladder cancer.