Randomized phase III trial of single-agent pemetrexed versus carboplatin and pemetrexed in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 2
Zukin M.,Instituto Nacional do Cancer |
Barrios C.H.,Grande Rio University |
Pereira J.R.,Instituto do Cancer Arnaldo Vieira Carvalho |
Ribeiro R.D.A.,Instituto do Cancer do Ceara |
And 11 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2013
Purpose To compare single-agent pemetrexed (P) versus the combination of carboplatin and pemetrexed (CP) in first-line therapy for patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 2. Patients and Methods In a multicenter phase III randomized trial, patients with advanced NSCLC, ECOG PS of 2, any histology at first and later amended to nonsquamous only, no prior chemotherapy, and adequate organ function were randomly assigned to P alone (500 mg/m2) or CP (area under the curve of 5 and 500 mg/m2, respectively) administered every 3 weeks for a total of four cycles. The primary end point was overall survival (OS). Results A total of 205 eligible patients were enrolled from eight centers in Brazil and one in the United States from April 2008 to July 2011. The response rates were 10.3% for P and 23.8% for CP (P = .032). In the intent-to-treat population, the median PFS was 2.8 months for P and 5.8 months for CP (hazard ratio [HR], 0.46; 95% CI, 0.35 to 0.63; P < .001), and the median OS was 5.3 months for P and 9.3 months for CP (HR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.46 to 0.83; P < .001). One-year survival rates were 21.9% and 40.1%, respectively. Similar results were seen when patients with squamous disease were excluded from the analysis. Anemia (grade 3, 3.9%; grade 4, 11.7%) and neutropenia (grade 3, 1%; grade 4, 6.8%) were more frequent with CP. There were four treatment-related deaths in the CP arm. Conclusion Combination chemotherapy with CP significantly improves survival in patients with advanced NSCLC and ECOG PS of 2. © 2013 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
Aguiar P.N.,Federal University of São Paulo |
Santoro I.L.,Federal University of São Paulo |
Tadokoro H.,Oncoclinicas Do Brazil Group |
De Lima Lopes G.,Johns Hopkins University |
And 7 more authors.
Immunotherapy | Year: 2016
Background: Recent studies with nivolumab (a monoclonal antibody against programmed cell death 1 [PD-1] receptor) have shown promise non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment. Methods: To review available clinical trials data in order to assess nivolumab efficacy and the role of tumoral PDL-1 expression as a biomarker. Results: Nine eligible studies included 2102 patients. In the second line setting, nivolumab achieved a 1-year survival rate of 41%; and in the first line, a 1-year survival rate of 76%. For those with PD-L1 expression <1%, nivolumab showed a trend for improved survival compared with docetaxel. Conclusions: The available data reinforce nivolumab activity against NSCLC in first-line or subsequent lines. Although PD-L1 expression is related to greater response, PD-L1 negative patients had also some benefit. © 2016 Future Medicine Ltd.
MacEdo F.Y.B.,Federal University of Ceará |
Mourao L.T.C.,Federal University of Ceará |
Palheta Jr. R.C.,Federal University of Ceará |
Juca D.M.,Federal University of Ceará |
And 8 more authors.
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology | Year: 2011
Purpose: Ifosfamide (IFS) is often involved in the occurrence of hemorrhagic cystitis due to direct contact of its metabolite acrolein with uroepithelium. It has been shown that COX-2 is involved in this pathogenesis. Thus, we aimed to study the functional changes on the urinary bladder in the putative modifications induced by IFS, as well as the COX-2 role in this process. Materials and methods: IFS-treated rats were evaluated by cystometrography in absence or presence of COX inhibitors indomethacin or etoricoxib or in the presence of mesna. Experiments with isolated strips of urinary bladder obtained from animals with IFS-induced cystitis, either treated or not treated with COX inhibitors or mesna, were performed. Histological analyses, immunohistochemistry for COX-2, and measurement of plasma PGE 2 were also performed. Results: IFS treatment caused severe inflammation of the bladder tissue. Cystometrography recordings of IFS-treated rats revealed bladder with increased micturition frequency and enhanced filling intravesical pressure. Contractility of the isolated smooth muscle from the rat's bladder with IFS-induced cystitis showed decreased force development in response to KCl and CCh. Almost all effects induced by IFS were ameliorated by the use of COX inhibitors or mesna. Enzyme expression in the urinary bladder tissue was positive, and plasma concentration of PGE2 was increased in IFS-treated animals and decreased significantly in etoricoxib-treated animals. Conclusions: IFS causes important changes in the micturition physiology in rats, and the inhibition of the isoenzyme COX-2 could be an important event that could prevent the detrimental effects elicited by IFS-induced hemorrhagic cystitis. © 2010 Springer-Verlag.
Gurgel J.A.,Federal University of Ceará |
Lima-Junior R.C.P.,Federal University of Ceará |
Rabelo C.O.,Federal University of Ceará |
Pessoa B.B.G.P.,Federal University of Ceará |
And 3 more authors.
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria | Year: 2013
Objective: Despite the recognized anti-inflammatory potential of heterocyclic antidepressants, the mechanisms concerning their modulating effects are not completely known. Thus, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory effect of amitriptyline, clomipramine, and maprotiline and the possible modulating properties of these drugs on neutrophil migration and mast cell degranulation. Methods: The hind paw edema and air-pouch models of inflammation were used. Male Wistar rats were treated with saline, amitriptyline, clomipramine or maprotiline (10, 30, or 90 mg/kg, per os [p.o.]) 1 h before the injection of carrageenan (300 μg/0.1 mL/paw) or dextran (500 μg/0.1 mL/paw). Then, edema formation was measured hourly. Neutrophil migration to carrageenan (500 μg/pouch) and N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) (10-6 M/mL/pouch) was also investigated in 6-day-old air-pouch cavities. Compound 48/80-induced mast cell degranulation was assessed in the mesenteric tissues of antidepressant-treated rats. Results: All tested antidepressants prevented both carrageenan- and dextran-induced edema. The anti-inflammatory effect of these drugs partially depends on the modulation of neutrophil migration, since they significantly counteracted the chemotactic response of both carrageenan and fMLP (p < 0.01). Furthermore, amitriptyline, clomipramine and maprotiline inhibited compound 48/80-induced mast cell degranulation (p < 0.001). Conclusions: These results suggest an important anti-inflammatory role of heterocyclic antidepressants, which is dependent on the modulation of neutrophil migration and mast cell stabilization. © 2013 Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria.
Impact of enteral nutrition on acute toxicity and treatment continuity in head and neck cancer patients submitted to intensity-modulated radiotherapy [Impacto da nutrição enteral na toxicidade aguda e na continuidade do tratamento dos pacientes com tumores de cabeça e pescoço submetidos a radioterapia com intensidade modulada]
Reboucas L.M.,Instituto do Cancer do Ceara |
Callegaro E.,Hospital A C Camargo |
Gil G.O.B.,Hospital A C Camargo |
Silva M.L.G.,Hospital A C Camargo |
And 2 more authors.
Radiologia Brasileira | Year: 2011
Objective: The present study was aimed at analyzing the impact of enteral nutrition on the maintenance of body weight and on the necessity of replanning and/or interruption of treatment of head and neck cancer patients undergoing intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT). Materials and Methods: Cases of patients submitted to IMRT in the period from January 2005 to October 2008 were retrospectively reviewed, and 83 of them were included in the study. Results: Median patients' age was 58.6 years. Only five patients (6%) had their treatment interrupted for a period ranging from 4 to 18 days, and in 19 cases (23%) required replanning. Enteral nutrition was initiated before the radiotherapy in 16 patients (19%). Weight loss of ≥ 5% was observed in 58 patients (70%), with a higher prevalence in the group of patients who had not received pre-radiotherapy enteral nutrition. No significant difference was observed between the groups regarding the necessity of radiotherapy replanning (25% versus 21%; p = 0.741) and necessity and duration of treatment interruption. Conclusion: Enteral nutrition is of a great value in the body weight maintenance, but no benefit was observed with the performance of endoscopic percutaneous gastrostomy as compared with radiotherapy interruption/replanning.
Quetz J.S.,Instituto do Cancer do Ceara |
Dantas I.F.,Instituto do Cancer do Ceara |
Hirth C.G.,Instituto do Cancer do Ceara |
Brasil C.G.,Lean Institute Brazil |
Juacaba S.F.,Instituto do Cancer do Ceara
Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial | Year: 2015
Oncologic care shows a growing and unmet demand, and requires the search for alternatives that allow the efficient use of limited resources, the building of autonomy, and the endeavour for continuous improvement of processes. In the present work, we present the implementation of Lean philosophy at a pathology laboratory of an oncology hospital. Among the preliminary results, we highlight the redefinition of the dynamics of the staff, and the physical reorganization of the area. Such important changes culminated in an expressive reduction of lead time, even with a significant increase in the monthly load of exams.
PubMed | Instituto do Cancer do Ceara
Type: | Journal: APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica | Year: 2017
As the perioperative chemotherapy has been widely implemented on the management of gastric cancer patients, heterogeneity of clinical outcomes has been evidenced in parallel to different histopathological regression pattern of gastric cancer cells. Tumor histological response to preoperative therapy has been graded by various systems in order to categorize the amount of regressive changes induced by chemotherapy in relation to residual tumor. In this context, tumor regression grading (TRG) systems might provide important prognostic information as the variety of tumor response may imply on different clinical outcomes with impact in survival rates. Moreover, gastric cancer behavior varies enormously upon individual factors such as histological classification and tumor anatomic site of involvement that have been shown to affect the TRG interpretation. On the other hand, some studies have assessed the role of molecular markers as a predictor of tumor response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in terms of TRG. Thus, the aim of this review is to evaluate how TRG has been interpreted in gastric cancer, discuss their clinical and prognostic relevance and also address the molecular markers involved in this process.